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Ready , Get Set....
Select a level area for your bin with good water drainage.
A partially shaded spot is best. Keep your bin 20 cm - 30 cm
(8 in - 12 in) away from walls, fences, bushes, plants and
openings to your home.
you place your bin on the ground, loosen the soil so it is
sitting in dirt.
bin is in place, put a 10 cm - 15 cm (4 in - 6 in) layer
of dead plants, twigs or small branches at the bottom.
the Composting 3-Step and enjoy!
Always feed your bin equal amounts of GREENS (materials high
in nitrogen) and BROWNS (materials high in carbon). See
the YES & NO chart below for a complete list. When
adding new materials to your bin, start with a layer of
BROWNS first, then add a layer of GREENS. Top GREENS with
a 2-3 cm (1”) layer of soil or finished compost.
Always dig your food scraps in the center of the pile,
under the other materials.
Keep your pile as damp as a well-wrung sponge. Check moisture
on hot summer or windy days. Sprinkle with water when dry.
Add air to your pile every two to three weeks. Poke holes through
with a broom handle and loosen with a garden fork.
- Small amounts
of grass clippings
green plant trimmings & newly fallen leaves
- Fruit & vegetable
tea, fruit or vegetable juice
- Grain or
pasta products (no sauces or butter)
- Dried grass
clippings & dried leaves
- Small amounts
- Dryer lint
- Thin layers
of hardwood ash & sawdust
- Dairy products
- Peanut butter
or oil-based products
- Fish, meats,
bones, or fats
charcoal or coal ash
or insect-infested plants
- Weeds with
- Animal or
Compost: Ready or Not?
If you properly follow the Composting 3-step, you should have finished
compost in 2-3months. To speed up the composting process, you can
chop or shredmaterials, add air to your pile more often or add
a layer of garden soil.Your pile is ready when it no longer has
traces of GREENS and BROWNS and is dark brown with an earthy smell.
You may find that only the bottom part of your pile is ready to
use while the top is still decomposing.
use compost, you may wish to screen it through wire mesh and
return any non-composted items to your bin.
- Dig compost
into soil before you plant.
screened compost on your lawn and on the soil of house plants.
- Use compost
as a mulch around trees and plants to retain moisture.
- Mix compost
with other potting materials.
- Give some
to a friend.
Dwellers Can Compost Too!
No backyard? No Problem. We have information on indoor
worm composting, balcony composting or community
A little snow and sub-zero temperatures do not mean and end to
composting. Continue to compost as normal but save some fall leaves
or dry grass clippings to use throughout the winter. Check out
our winter composting factsheet.
and mix. Turn pile and top with soil.
like rotten eggs
air or too wet
for several days until odour is gone. Top with a thin layer
with water until damp.
or cover with a layer of soil.
animal visitors (raccoons, dogs, rodents, etc.)
foods or wrong items added
any meats, fats or dairy products. Bury food scraps and cover
with soil. See pest-proofing