Pedestrians have the right-of-way on sidewalks. They should not have to get out of the way of cyclists. Cyclists must always walk bicycles across crosswalks. There is a $90 fine for riding bicycles on sidewalks with a tire size of over 61 centimetres (24 inches).
What to wear
Cyclists' should wear clothing that will not catch in the wheels, chain or other moving parts of the bicycle. Many cyclists wear comfortable, layered clothing that breathes yet is wind resistant.
Wear an approved helmet for safety. Choose a helmet that fits correctly and look for a CSA, Snell, ANSI, ASTM British Standard or Australian Standard sticker that shows that the helmets meet legislated standards.
According to the Highway Traffic Act 104, cyclists 17 years of age and under must wear an approved helmet or risk getting a $75 fine.
To make cyclists visible to motorists at night, wear light-coloured clothing or reflective fabric that glows in the dark. Cyclists must use bicycle lights from a half-hour before sunset to a half-hour after sunrise. Use a white front light and a rear red light or reflector. Under the Highway Traffic Act 62, there is a $30 fine for improper bicycle lighting.
To protect against sun burn and melanoma, remember to wear sunscreen when riding in the summer months, even on cloudy days. Sun screen should have a SPF of 15 or higher and be waterproof.
Ride with a water bottle at all times to avoid dehydration, especially when riding in hot, humid weather. Plastic water bottles easily clip onto the frame of the bicycle. It is recommended that you drink one bottle of water every 20 minutes. To maintain a good balance, do not carry objects on the handlebars. Wear riding gloves made of leather or fabric to protect the hands and provide a good grip for brakes.
Riding in the rain
When cycling in the rain, increase stopping distance and wear flourescent clothing to make up for the decreased visibility. Do not ride through puddles, which may hide pot holes, glass or other road hazards. It is also a good idea to stay away from the center of the road where oil slicks form.