DineSafe Inspection and Disclosure System
Food Safety Inspections
The DineSafe Inspection system is based on Provincial and Municipal regulations.
The Ministry of Health requires each board of health in Ontario to follow a standardized process that assesses the conditions of an establishment, based on the Ontario Food Premises Regulation (562/90, as amended). DineSafe inspections also include requirements as set out in municipal by-laws. Food premises are inspected at a frequency established by the Ministry of Health according to identified risk levels.
Risk Levels for Food Establishments
Every eating and drinking establishment in the City of Toronto receives a minimum of 1, 2, or 3 inspections each year depending on the specific type of establishment, the food preparation processes, volume and type of food served and other related criteria.
|Risk Level||Risk Assessment Criteria||Minimum Inspections|
Any eating or drinking establishments that prepare hazardous food and meet at least one of the following criteria:
||three times per year|
Any eating or drinking establishments that meet one or more of the following criteria:
||two times per year|
Any eating or drinking establishments that do not prepare hazardous food and meet one or more of the following criteria:
||one time per year|
The failure of an eating and drinking establishment operator to meet the minimum requirements or standards set out in legislation is referred to as an infraction.
There are 3 types of infractions that have been developed under the DineSafe Food Safety Inspection and Disclosure Program covering all of the requirements under the Ontario Food Premises Regulation (562/90, as amended).
In addition Municipal by-law infractions are recorded, though these don’t present a health hazard.
Reporting and Disclosure
Every drinking and eating establishment in Toronto must, continually and prominently, post the most recent food safety inspection notice, as issued without alteration, at or near the main entrance.
There are three (3) types of notices
A Pass notice will be issued when only minor or no infractions are observed during an inspection.
If Minor Infractions are repeated at the next inspection, the Public Health Inspector may issue a ticket to obtain compliance. Fines range from $45 to $370 depending on the severity of the infraction.
A Conditional Pass notice will be issued when one or more significant infractions are observed during an inspection.
When issued, a Public Health Inspector will re-inspect an establishment within 24-48 hours of the initial inspection. If the infractions are corrected and no other infractions or only Minor Infractions are found, a PASS Notice will be issued. If the infractions are not corrected by the time of the first re-inspection, a ticket will be issued and a second re-inspection will be conducted at a later date. If at the time of the second re-inspection the items have not been corrected, a summons to court will be issued and a referral to Toronto's Municipal Licensing and Standards Division may occur.
A Closed notice will be issued when one or more crucial infractions observed during an inspection are not corrected immediately. A food establishment can only be closed when a health hazard is present.
An Order to Close the establishment and/or remove the health hazard will be issued. A Public Health Inspector will visit daily to make sure that the establishment remains closed. Failure to comply with an Order to Close will lead to additional charges. When all of the infractions listed in the Order and all other significant or crucial infractions are corrected, the establishment will receive a PASS Notice and may be re-opened. Any repeated or new crucial infractions may result in the operator being issued with a summons to court and referral to the Licensing Tribunal for further action.
For more information on enforcement see the Regulations page.
The details of food safety inspections conducted over the past 2 years are reported on this site and can be downloaded from the City's open data server. The reports include Food safety and Municipal by-law Infractions found as well as legal action taken and outcomes.
Last updated August 2012