City of Toronto Zoning By-law 569-2013
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The new City-wide Zoning By-law was enacted on May 9, 2013. It may be appealed under section 34(19) of the Planning Act. Even though it is appealed, the City's Chief Building Official and the Committee of Adjustment will apply the new by-law to applications filed after its enactment. Please consult with your advisors to determine whether the new by-law has any impact. Zoning By-law No. 569-2013 in pdf:
Volume 1  Volume 2  Volume 3
 
 
City of Toronto Zoning By-law 569-2013
Version Date: May 9, 2013
Table of Contents

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Chapter 1Administration
Chapter 2Compliance with this By-law
Chapter 5Regulations Applying to all Zones
Chapter 10Residential
10.5Regulations Applying to the Residential Zone Category
10.5.1General
10.5.1.10Interpretation
10.5.20Permitted Uses
10.5.20.1General
10.5.30Lot Requirements
10.5.30.1General
10.5.30.11Lot Area Exemptions
10.5.30.20Lot Frontage
10.5.30.21Lot Frontage Exemptions
10.5.30.40Lot Coverage
10.5.30.41Lot Coverage Exemptions
10.5.40Principal Building Requirements
10.5.40.1General
10.5.40.10Height
10.5.40.11Height Exemptions
10.5.40.20Building Length
10.5.40.21Building Length Exemptions
10.5.40.30Building Depth
10.5.40.31Building Depth Exemptions
10.5.40.40Floor Area
10.5.40.41Floor Area Exemptions
10.5.40.50Decks, Platforms and Amenities
10.5.40.60Permitted Encroachments
10.5.40.70Setbacks
10.5.40.71Setbacks Exemptions
10.5.50Yards
10.5.50.10Landscaping
10.5.60Ancillary Buildings and Structures
10.5.60.1General
10.5.60.10Location
10.5.60.20Setbacks
10.5.60.30Separation
10.5.60.40Height
10.5.60.50Floor Area
10.5.60.60Permitted Encroachments
10.5.60.70Lot Coverage
10.5.75Energy Regulations
10.5.75.1General
10.5.80Parking
10.5.80.1General
10.5.80.10Location
10.5.80.11Location Exemptions
10.5.80.30Separation
10.5.80.40Access to Parking Space
10.5.100Access to Lot
10.5.100.1General
10.5.150Waste
10.5.150.1General
10.10Residential Zone ( R )
10.20Residential Detached Zone (RD)
10.40Residential Semi-Detached Zone (RS)
10.60Residential Townhouse Zone ( RT)
10.80Residential Multiple Dwelling Zone (RM)
Chapter 15Residential Apartment
Chapter 30Commercial
Chapter 40Commercial Residential
Chapter 50Commercial Residential Employment
Chapter 60Employment Industrial
Chapter 80Institutional
Chapter 90Open Space
Chapter 100Utility and Transportation
Chapter 150Specific Use Regulations
Chapter 200Parking Space Regulations
Chapter 220Loading Space Regulations
Chapter 230Bicycle Parking Space Regulations
Chapter 280Special Districts - Downtown
Chapter 300Special Districts - Centres
Chapter 400Special Districts - Avenues
Chapter 500Special Districts - Heritage
Chapter 600Regulations for Overlay Zones
Chapter 800Definitions
Chapter 900Site Specific Exceptions
Chapter 970Appendices
Chapter 990Zoning By-law Map
Chapter 995Overlay Maps

Chapter 10 Residential

10.5 Regulations Applying to the Residential Zone Category

10.5.1 General

10.5.1.10 Interpretation

(1)

Application of General Regulations Section

The regulations in Section 10.5 apply to all lands, uses, buildings and structures in the Residential Zone category.

(2)

Interpretation of the Residential Zone Symbol

The zone symbol on the Zoning By-law Map for zones in the Residential Zone category consists of the letters R, RD, RS, RT or RM, indicating the primary land use permitted in the respective zone.

(3)

Interpretation of the Zone Label

In the Residential Zone category, the letters following the zone symbol in the zone label have the following meaning:

(A)the letter "f" and a numerical value indicates the required minimum lot frontage in metres;
(B)the letter "a" and a numerical value indicates the required minimum lot area in square metres;
(C)the letters "au" and a numerical value indicates the required minimum lot area for each dwelling unit on a lot, in square metres;
(D)the letter "u" and a numerical value indicates the permitted maximum number of dwelling units on a lot; and
(E)the letter "d" and a numerical value indicates the permitted maximum floor space index for a lot.

10.5.20 Permitted Uses

10.5.20.1 General

(1)

Lawfully Existing Public School, Private School

A lawfully existing public school or private school on a lot in the Residential Zone category is permitted on that lot, and:

(A)any expansion or addition to the lawfully existing public school or private school building must comply with Section 150.48 and the requirements for the zone in which the lot is located; and
(B)the lawfully existing public school or private school may be replaced with a new school building that complies with Section 150.48 and the requirements for the zone in which the lot is located.

10.5.30 Lot Requirements

10.5.30.1 General

(1)

Lot Requirements

Additional lot requirements are in each zone in the Residential Zone category.

10.5.30.11 Lot Area Exemptions

(1)

Permitted Lot Area for Lawfully Existing Lots

In the Residential Zone category, if the lawful lot area of a lawfully existing lot is less than the minimum lot area required by this By-law, that lawful lot area is the minimum lot area for that lawfully existing lot.

(2)

Additions to Lawfully Existing Buildings

In the Residential Zone category, an addition or extension to a lawfully existing building or structure on a lot referred to in regulation 10.5.30.11(1) must comply with all other regulations of this By-law or be authorized by a Section 45 Planning Act minor variance.

(3)

Vacant Lawfully Existing Lot

In the Residential Zone category, if a lot referred to in regulation 10.5.30.11(1) is vacant, only a detached house may be constructed on that lot, and the detached house must comply with all other regulations of this By-law or be authorized by a Section 45 Planning Act minor variance.

10.5.30.20 Lot Frontage

(1)

Designated Front Lot Line for Through Lots

Despite regulation 5.10.30.20(2), on a through lot in the Residential Zone category, any lot line separating the lot from a street may be selected as the front lot line, if:

(A)the lot line is not separated from the street by a 0.3 metre reserve; and
(B)the lot line abuts a street where an adjacent lot has its front lot line on the same street.

(2)

Minimum Front Lot Line for a Residential Building

In the Residential Zone category, a residential building may not be erected on a lot that does not have a front lot line of at least 3.5 metres, unless the lot:

(A)abuts a lane with a minimum width of 6.0 metres; and
(B)has a minimum of 3.5 metres of the rear lot line abutting the lane.

10.5.30.21 Lot Frontage Exemptions

(1)

Permitted Lot Frontage for Lawfully Existing Lots

In the Residential Zone category, if the lawful lot frontage of a lawfully existing lot is less than the minimum lot frontage required by this By-law, that lawful lot frontage is the minimum lot frontage for that lawfully existing lot.

(2)

Additions to Lawfully Existing Buildings

Any addition or extension to a lawfully existing building or structure on a lot referred to in regulation 10.5.30.21(1) must comply with all other regulations in this By-law or be authorized by a Section 45 Planning Act minor variance.

(3)

Vacant Lawfully Existing Lot

If a lot referred to in regulation 10.5.30.21(1) is vacant, only a detached house may be constructed on that lot, and only if:

(A)the lot frontage is at least 6.0 metres; and
(B)the detached house complies with all other requirements of this By-law or is authorized by a Section 45 Planning Act minor variance.

10.5.30.40 Lot Coverage

(1)

Lot Coverage Exclusion for Permitted Encroachments

In the Residential Zone category, any part of a building or structure that is permitted to encroach into a required minimum building setback in Clause 10.5.40.60, is not included in the calculation of lot coverage.

(2)

Parts of Platforms that are Not Permitted Encroachments

In the Residential Zone category, any part of a platform without main walls, such as a deck, porch, balcony or similar structure that does not encroach into a required minimum building setback is not included in the calculation of lot coverage, if:

(A)it is attached to or less than 0.3 metres from a building; and
(B)the lot area covered by these structures is no more than 5% of the lot area.

10.5.30.41 Lot Coverage Exemptions

(1)

Permitted Lot Coverage for Lawfully Existing Buildings

In the Residential Zone category, if the portion of a lot covered by lawfully existing buildings or structures is greater than the permitted maximum lot coverage, the lawful portion of the lot covered by those lawfully existing buildings or structures is the maximum lot coverage for those lawfully existing buildings or structures on that lot.

(2)

Additions to Lawfully Existing Buildings

Any addition or extension to lawfully existing buildings or structures referred to in regulation 10.5.30.41(1) must comply with all other regulations in this By-law or be authorized by a Section 45 Planning Act minor variance.

10.5.40 Principal Building Requirements

10.5.40.1 General

(1)

Application of this Article

The regulations in Article 10.5.40 apply to buildings or structures in the Residential Zone category, other than ancillary buildings or structures which are subject to Article 10.5.60.

(2)

Building Requirements

Additional building requirements are in each zone in the Residential Zone category.

10.5.40.10 Height

(1)

Determining the Height of a Building

In the Residential Zone category, the height of a building is the distance between the established grade and the elevation of the highest point of the building.

(2)

Height of Specific Structures on a Building

In the Residential Zone category, the following structures on the roof of a building may exceed the permitted maximum height for that building by 1.5 metres:

(A)antennae;
(B)flagpoles;
(C)parapets for a green roof;
(D)satellite dishes; and
(E)weather vanes.

(3)

Height of Elements for Functional Operation of a Building

In the Residential Zone category, the following equipment and structures on the roof of a building may exceed the permitted maximum height for that building by 5.0 metres, subject to regulation 10.5.40.10(4):

(A)equipment used for the functional operation of the building, such as electrical, utility, mechanical and ventilation equipment;
(B)structures or parts of the building used for the functional operation of the building, such as enclosed stairwells, roof access, maintenance equipment storage, elevator shafts, chimneys, vents, and water supply facilities; and
(C)structures that enclose, screen or cover the elements listed in (A) and (B) above, if the building has a height greater than 15.0 metres.

(4)

Height - Horizontal Limits on Elements for Functional Operation of a Building

In the Residential Zone category, equipment, structures or parts of a building that exceed the permitted maximum height for a building in regulation 10.5.40.10(3), must comply with the following:

(A)their total area may cover no more than 30% of the area of the roof, measured horizontally; and
(B)if they are located within 6.0 metres of a lot line abutting a street, their total horizontal dimension, measured parallel to the street, may not exceed 20% of the width of the building's main walls facing that street.

10.5.40.11 Height Exemptions

(1)

Permitted Height for Lawfully Existing Buildings

In the Residential Zone category, if the lawful height of a lawfully existing building or structure is greater than the permitted maximum height for a building, that lawful height is the maximum height for that lawfully existing building or structure.

(2)

Additions to Lawfully Existing Buildings - Height

Any addition or extension to a lawfully existing building or structure referred to in regulation 10.5.40.11(1) must comply with the permitted maximum height or be authorized by a Section 45 Planning Act minor variance.

(3)

Alterations to the Roof of Lawfully Existing Buildings

Any alteration to the roof of a lawfully existing building referred to in regulation 10.5.40.11(1) may be constructed to the maximum height in regulation 10.5.40.11(1).

(4)

Height of Main Walls for Lawfully Existing Buildings

In the Residential Zone category, if the lawful height of the exterior portion of the main walls of a lawfully existing building or structure is greater than the permitted maximum height for each respective pair of the following main walls, that lawful height is the maximum height for the exterior portion of the respective pair of main walls for that lawfully existing building or structure:

(A)the front and rear main walls; or
(B)the side main walls.

(5)

Additions to Lawfully Existing Buildings - Height of Main Walls

Any new main wall of an addition or extension to a lawfully existing building or structure referred to in regulation 10.5.40.11(4) is subject to the main wall heights in regulation 10.5.40.11(4).

(6)

Height of First Floor Above Established Grade for Lawfully Existing Buildings

In the Residential Zone category, if the lawful height of the first floor above established grade in a lawfully existing building is greater than the permitted maximum height of a first floor, that lawful first floor height is the maximum height for the first floor above established grade for that lawfully existing building.

(7)

Additions to Lawfully Existing Buildings - Height of the First Floor Above Established Grade

Any addition or extension to a lawfully existing building referred to in regulation 10.5.40.11(6) may have a first floor above established grade up to the maximum height in regulation 10.5.40.11(6).

10.5.40.20 Building Length

(1)

Portion of Building to which Building Length Applies

In the Residential Zone category, building length regulations apply to all main walls of a building above and below-ground, excluding the footings for the building.

(2)

Exclusion from Building Length

In the Residential Zone category, any part of a building or structure permitted to encroach into a required minimum building setback in Clause 10.5.40.60 is excluded from the calculation of building length.

10.5.40.21 Building Length Exemptions

(1)

Permitted Building Length for Lawfully Existing Buildings

In the Residential Zone category, if the lawful building length of a lawfully existing building is greater than the permitted maximum building length, that lawful building length is the maximum building length for that lawfully existing building.

(2)

Additions to Lawfully Existing Buildings

Any addition or extension to a lawfully existing building referred to in regulation 10.5.40.21(1) must comply with all other regulations in this By-law or be authorized by a Section 45 Planning Act minor variance.

10.5.40.30 Building Depth

(1)

Portion of Building to which Building Depth Applies

In the Residential Zone category, building depth regulations apply to all main walls of a building above and below-ground, excluding the footings for the building.

(2)

Exclusion from Building Depth

In the Residential Zone category, any part of a building or structure permitted to encroach into a required minimum building setback in Clause 10.5.40.60 is excluded from the calculation of building depth.

10.5.40.31 Building Depth Exemptions

(1)

Permitted Building Depth for Lawfully Existing Buildings

In the Residential Zone category, if the lawful building depth of a lawfully existing building is greater than the permitted maximum building depth, that lawful building depth is the maximum building depth for that lawfully existing building.

(2)

Additions to Lawfully Existing Buildings

Any addition or extension to a lawfully existing building referred to in regulation 10.5.40.31(1) must comply with all other regulations in this By-law or be authorized by a Section 45 Planning Act minor variance.

10.5.40.40 Floor Area

(1)

Inclusion of Attic Space as Gross Floor Area in a Residential Building Other Than an Apartment Building

In the Residential Zone category, the gross floor area of a residential building, other than an apartment building, includes floor area in an attic above the main walls of the building, if it:

(A)is accessed by means of a permanent stair case or mechanical elevating device; or
(B)has a vertical clearance of more than 1.4 metres between the ceiling joists below and the roof rafters, and at least 80% of the area has a vertical clearance of more than 2.0 metres and an area of at least 10 square metres.

(2)

Exclusion of Certain Floor Area in an Attic

If the floor area meets the conditions in regulation 10.5.40.40(1), and the area or a portion of the area is used for housing or maintaining mechanical equipment for the building and does not exceed 20 square metres, the floor area or portion thereof is not included in the gross floor area of the building.

(3)

Gross Floor Area Calculations for a Residential Building Other Than an Apartment Building

In the Residential Zone category, the gross floor area of a residential building, other than an apartment building, may be reduced by:

(A)the floor area of the basement, unless the established grade is higher than the average elevation of the ground along the rear main wall of the residential building by 2.5 metres or more, in which case the gross floor area of the building may be reduced by 50% of the floor area of the basement;
(B)the area of a void in a floor if there is a vertical clearance of more than 4.5 metres between the top of the floor below the void and the ceiling directly above it, to a maximum of 10% of the permitted maximum gross floor area for the building;
(C)the area of required parking spaces in the building; and
(D)in addition to (C) above, the area used for one additional parking space in a detached house on a lot with a lot frontage of more than 12.0 metres.

(4)

Gross Floor Area Calculations for an Apartment Building

In the Residential Zone category, the gross floor area of an apartment building is reduced by the area in the building used for:

(A)parking, loading and bicycle parking below established grade;
(B)required loading spaces and required bicycle parking spaces at or above established grade;
(C)storage rooms, washrooms, electrical, utility, mechanical and ventilation rooms in the basement;
(D)shower and change facilities required by this By-law for required bicycle parking spaces;
(E)indoor amenity space required by this By-law;
(F)elevator shafts;
(G)garbage shafts;
(H)mechanical penthouse; and
(I)exit stairwells in the building.

(5)

Floor Space Index Calculation

In the Residential Zone category, the floor space index:

(A)for a non-residential building, is the result of the gross floor area of a building divided by the area of the lot;
(B)for a residential building, other than an apartment building, is the result of the gross floor area, plus the area of an attic described in regulation 10.5.40.40(1) and subject to regulation 10.5.40.40(2) minus the areas listed in regulation 10.5.40.40(3), divided by the area of the lot; and
(C)for an apartment building, is the result of the gross floor area, minus the areas of an apartment building listed in regulation 10.5.40.40(4), divided by the area of the lot.

10.5.40.41 Floor Area Exemptions

(1)

Permitted Floor Space Index for Lawfully Existing Buildings

In the Residential Zone category, if the lawful gross floor area of lawfully existing buildings on a lot results in a floor space index greater than the permitted maximum floor space index, the lawful floor space index resulting from those lawfully existing buildings on that lot is the maximum floor space index for those lawfully existing buildings on that lot.

10.5.40.50 Decks, Platforms and Amenities

(1)

Interpretation of Platform Walls

In the Residential Zone category, the exterior sides of a platform, such as a deck, porch, balcony or similar structure, attached to or within 0.3 metres of a building, are not main walls if at least 50% of the exterior sides above the floor are open to the outside.

(2)

Platforms in Relation to Building Setbacks

In the Residential Zone category, a platform without main walls, such as a deck, porch, balcony or similar structure, attached to or within 0.3 metres of a building, must comply with the required minimum building setbacks for the zone.

(3)

Platforms at or Above the Second Storey of a Residential Building Other than an Apartment Building

In the Residential Zone category, the level of the floor of a platform, such as a deck or balcony, located at or above the second storey of a residential building other than an apartment building, may be no higher than the level of the floor of the storey from which it gains access.

10.5.40.60 Permitted Encroachments

(1)

Platforms

Despite regulation 10.5.40.50(2), in the Residential Zone category, a platform without main walls, such as a deck, porch, balcony or similar structure, attached to or less than 0.3 metres from a building, are subject to the following:

(A)in a front yard, a platform with a floor no higher than the first storey of the building above established grade:

(i)may encroach into the required front yard setback the lesser of 2.5 metres or 50% of the required front yard setback, if it is no closer to a side lot line than the required side yard setback; and
(ii)there may be enclosed space below this platform;
(B)in a front yard, a platform with a floor higher than the first storey of the building above established grade may encroach into the required front yard setback the lesser of 1.5 metres or 50% of the required front yard setback, if it is no closer to a side lot line than the required side yard setback;
(C)in a rear yard, a platform with a floor no higher than the first storey of the building above established grade may encroach into the required rear yard setback the lesser of 2.5 metres or 50% of the required rear yard setback, if it is no closer to a side lot line than the greater of:

(i)0.3 metres; or
(ii)a distance equal to the vertical distance between the highest part of the floor of the platform and the average elevation of the ground at the side of the platform;
(D)in a rear yard, a platform with a floor higher than the first storey of the building above established grade may encroach into the required rear yard setback the lesser of 1.5 metres or 50% of the required rear yard setback, if it is no closer to a side lot line than the required side yard setback plus the vertical distance between the first floor of the building and the average elevation of the ground along the building's rear main wall;
(E)in a side yard, a platform with a floor no higher than the first storey of the building above established grade may encroach into the required minimum side yard setback a maximum of 1.5 metres, if it is no closer to the side lot line than 0.3 metres; and
(F)in a side yard a platform with a floor higher than the first storey of the building above established grade:

(i)may encroach into the required minimum side yard setback a maximum of 1.5 metres if the side yard abuts a street; and
(ii)may not encroach into a required minimum side yard setback if the side yard does not abut a street.

(2)

Canopies and Awnings

In the Residential Zone category a canopy, awning or similar structure, with or without structural support, or a roof over a platform which complies with regulation 10.5.40.60(1), are subject to the following:

(A)a roof, canopy, awning or similar structure above a platform meeting the requirements of regulation 10.5.40.60(1) may encroach into a required minimum building setback to the same extent as the platform it is covering; and
(B)a canopy, awning or similar structure that is not covering a platform may encroach into a required minimum building setback:

(i)in a front yard or rear yard, the lesser of 2.5 metres or 50% of the required minimum building setback, if it is no closer to a side lot line than the required minimum side yard setback; or
(ii)in a side yard, a maximum of 1.5 metres, if it is no closer to the side lot line than 0.3 metres.

(3)

Exterior Stairs, Access Ramp and Elevating Device

In the Residential Zone category, exterior stairs, pedestrian access ramp and elevating device providing access to a building or structure may encroach into a required minimum building setback as follows:

(A)exterior stairs, if the stairs are:

(i)no longer than 1.5 horizontal units for each 1.0 vertical unit above the ground at the point where the stairs meet the building or structure;
(ii)no wider than 2.0 metres; and
(iii)no closer to a lot line than 0.6 metres;
(B)an uncovered ramp, if the ramp is:

(i)no longer than 15 horizontal units for each 1.0 vertical unit above-ground at the point where the ramp meets the building or structure;
(ii)no wider than 1.5 metres for each sloped ramp segment; and
(iii)no closer to a lot line than 0.6 metres; and
(C)an elevating device, if the elevating device:

(i)elevates no higher than the first floor of the building;
(ii)has a maximum area of 3.0 square metres; and
(iii)is no closer to a lot line than 0.6 metres.

(4)

Exterior Main Wall Surface

In the Residential Zone category, cladding added to the original exterior surface of the main wall of a building may encroach into a required minimum building setback a maximum of 0.15 metres, if the added cladding is no closer to a lot line than 0.3 metres.

(5)

Architectural Features

In the Residential Zone category, architectural features on a building must comply with the following:

(A)a pilaster, decorative column, cornice, sill, belt course or other similar architectural feature may encroach into a required minimum building setback a maximum of 0.6 metres, if it is no closer to a lot line than 0.3 metres; and
(B)a chimney breast may encroach into a required minimum building setback a maximum of 0.6 metres, if it:

(i)is no wider than 2.0 metres; and
(ii)is no closer to a lot line than 0.3 metres.

(6)

Window Projections

In the Residential Zone category, a bay window, box window, or other window projection from a main wall of a building, which increases floor area or enclosed space and does not touch the ground, may encroach:

(A)into a required minimum front yard setback or minimum rear yard setback a maximum of 0.75 metres, if the window projections in total do not occupy more than 65% of the width of the front wall or rear main wall at each storey; and
(B)into a required minimum side yard setback a maximum of 0.6 metres, if the window projections:

(i)in total do not occupy more than 30% of the width of the side main wall at each storey; and
(ii)are no closer to the side lot line than 0.6 metres.

(7)

Roof Projections

On a building in the Residential Zone category, roof projections must comply with the following:

(A)a dormer projecting from the surface of a roof may not have any wall of the dormer closer to a lot line than the required minimum building setback; and
(B)the eaves of a roof may encroach into a required minimum building setback a maximum of 0.9 metres, if they are no closer to a lot line than 0.3 metres.

(8)

Equipment

In the Residential Zone category, the following wall mounted equipment on a building may encroach into required minimum building setbacks as follows, if the equipment is no closer to a lot line than 0.3 metres:

(A)vents, pipes, or utility equipment, a maximum of 0.6 metres into a required minimum rear yard setback or minimum side yard setback;
(B)satellite dish, a maximum of 0.9 metres into any required minimum building setback;
(C)antenna, or a pole used to hold an antenna, a maximum of 0.9 metres into any required minimum rear yard setback or minimum side yard setback; and
(D)air conditioner, a maximum of 0.9 metres:

(i)into a required minimum rear yard setback; and
(ii)into a required minimum side yard setback if it is not located above the first storey.

10.5.40.70 Setbacks

(1)

Front Yard Setback - Averaging

In the Residential Zone category, if a lot is:

(A)beside one lot in the Residential Zone category, and that abutting lot has a building fronting on the same street and that building is, in whole or in part, 15.0 metres or less from the subject lot, the required minimum front yard setback is the front yard setback of that building on the abutting lot; and
(B)between two abutting lots in the Residential Zone category, each with a building fronting on the same street and those buildings are both, in whole or in part, 15.0 metres or less from the subject lot, the required minimum front yard setback is the average of the front yard setbacks of those buildings on the abutting lots.

(2)

Building or Structure to be Set Back from a Lane

A building or structure in the Residential Zone category may be no closer than 2.5 metres from the original centreline of a lane.

10.5.40.71 Setbacks Exemptions

(1)

Permitted Setbacks for Lawfully Existing Buildings

In the Residential Zone category, if the lawful building setback of a lawfully existing building or structure is less than the required minimum building setback from:

(A)a front lot line, that lawful building setback is the minimum front yard setback for that lawfully existing building or structure;
(B)a rear lot line, that lawful building setback is the minimum rear yard setback for that lawfully existing building or structure; and
(C)a side lot line, that lawful building setback is the minimum side yard setback for that lawfully existing building or structure.

(2)

Additions to Lawfully Existing Buildings

Any addition or extension to a lawfully existing building or structure referred to in regulation 10.5.40.71(1) must comply with the required minimum building setbacks or be authorized by a Section 45 Planning Act minor variance.

(3)

Additions Above Lawfully Existing Buildings on Specified Lots

Despite regulation 10.5.40.71(2), on a lot with a lot frontage of 12.2 metres or less, the required minimum building setback for any addition or extension above a lawfully existing building or structure referred to in regulation 10.5.40.71(1) is the minimum building setback from the respective lot line permitted by regulation 10.5.40.71(1).

(4)

Additions to the Rear or Side of Lawfully Existing Buildings on Specified Lots

Despite regulation 10.5.40.71(2), the required minimum building setback from a side lot line for any addition or extension to the rear or the side of a lawfully existing building or structure referred to in regulation 10.5.40.71(1), on a lot with a lot frontage of:

(A)less than 9.0 metres, is the minimum side yard setback permitted by regulation 10.5.40.71(1); or
(B)9.0 metres to 12.2 metres, is the greater of:

(i)50% of the required minimum side yard setback; or
(ii)the minimum side yard setback permitted by regulation 10.5.40.71(1).

(5)

Permitted Setbacks for Lawfully Existing Buildings from a Lane

In the Residential Zone category, if the lawful distance of a lawfully existing building or structure from the original centreline of a lane is less than the minimum distance from the original centreline of the lane required by this By-law, that lawful distance is the minimum distance from the original centreline of the lane for that lawfully existing building or structure.

(6)

Additions Above Lawfully Existing Buildings in Relation to a Lane

The minimum distance from the original centreline of a lane for any addition or extension above a lawfully existing building or structure referred to in regulation 10.5.40.71(5) is the minimum distance from the original centreline of the lane permitted by regulation 10.5.40.71(5).

10.5.50 Yards

10.5.50.10 Landscaping

(1)

Front Yard Landscaping for Certain Types of Residential Buildings

In the Residential Zone category, on a lot with a detached house, semi-detached house, duplex, triplex, fourplex or townhouse, the following front yard landscaping regulations apply:

(A)for lots with a lot frontage less than 6.0 metres, or a townhouse dwelling unit less than 6.0 metres wide, the front yard, excluding a permitted driveway, must be landscaping;
(B)for lots with a lot frontage of 6.0 metres to less than 15.0 metres, or a townhouse dwelling unit at least 6.0 metres wide, a minimum of 50% of the front yard must be landscaping;
(C)for lots with a lot frontage of 15.0 metres or greater, a minimum of 60% of the front yard must be landscaping; and
(D)a minimum of 75% of the front yard landscaping required in (A), (B), and (C) above, must be soft landscaping.

(2)

Side Yard Landscaping for Certain Types of Residential Buildings on Corner Lots

In the Residential Zone category, a corner lot with a detached house, semi-detached house, duplex, triplex, fourplex or townhouse must have:

(A)a minimum of 60% of the side yard abutting a street for landscaping; and
(B)a minimum of 75% of the side yard landscaping required in (A), above, must be soft landscaping.

(3)

Rear Yard Soft Landscaping for Residential Buildings Other Than an Apartment Building

In the Residential Zone category, a lot with a residential building, other than an apartment building, must have:

(A)a minimum of 50% of the rear yard for soft landscaping, if the lot frontage is greater than 6.0 metres; and
(B)a minimum of 25% of the rear yard for soft landscaping, if the lot frontage is 6.0 metres or less.

(4)

Landscaping Requirement for an Apartment Building

In the Residential Zone category, a lot with an apartment building must have:

(A)a minimum of 50% of the area of the lot for landscaping; and
(B)a minimum of 50% of the landscaping area required in (A), above, must be soft landscaping.

(5)

Landscaping Requirement for an Apartment Building Abutting Another Residential Lot

In the Residential Zone category, a lot with an apartment building must have a minimum 1.5 metre wide strip of soft landscaping along any part of a lot line abutting another lot in the Residential Zone category.

(6)

Landscaping Exclusion for Permitted Encroachments

In the Residential Zone category, the calculation of landscaping or soft landscaping regulation 10.5.50.10(1), (2), (3) and (4), excludes the area of the required minimum building setback covered by any part of a building or structure which is permitted to encroach into a required minimum building setback by Clause 10.5.40.60.

(7)

Swimming Pools or Similar Ancillary Structures Containing Water Deemed to be Soft Landscaping for Specified Regulations

In the Residential Zone category, for the calculation of soft landscaping required by regulation 10.5.50.10(3) and (4), the area of soft landscaping includes the water surface area of outdoor swimming pools or other ancillary structures used to hold water, such as fountains or artificial ponds.

10.5.60 Ancillary Buildings and Structures

10.5.60.1 General

(1)

Application of this Article

The regulations in Article 10.5.60 apply to ancillary buildings or structures in the Residential Zone category, if they are ancillary to dwelling units or residential buildings.

(2)

Living Accommodation in Ancillary Buildings

An ancillary building in the Residential Zone category may not be used for living accommodation.

(3)

Food or Sanitary Facilities in Ancillary Buildings

An ancillary building in the Residential Zone category may have:

(A)food preparation facilities and sanitary facilities if the ancillary building is for indoor amenity space required by this By-law; or
(B)either food preparation facilities or sanitary facilities, but not both, if the ancillary building is used for any purpose other than an indoor amenity space required by this By-law.

(4)

Ancillary Building or Structure Construction Timing

In the Residential Zone category, no above-ground part of an ancillary building or structure may be erected prior to the erection of the main walls and completion of the roof of a residential building on the same lot.

10.5.60.10 Location

(1)

Ancillary Buildings or Structures Not Permitted in Front Yard

An ancillary building or structure in the Residential Zone category may not be located in a front yard.

10.5.60.20 Setbacks

(1)

Parts of an Ancillary Building or Structure to which a Required Building Setback Applies

In the Residential Zone category, required minimum ancillary building setbacks apply to all parts of an ancillary building or structure above-ground and below-ground, excluding footings.

(2)

Ancillary Buildings or Structures - Rear Yard Setback

Subject to regulation 10.5.60.20(5), in the Residential Zone category:

(A)if an ancillary building or structure is on a through lot, and a residential building on an adjacent lot fronts on the street that abuts the rear lot line of the through lot, the required minimum rear yard setback for the ancillary building or structure is equal to the required minimum front yard setback for the residential building on the adjacent lot;
(B)if an ancillary building or structure is on a lot with a lot depth greater than 45 metres, and its height is greater than 2.5 metres or its floor area is greater than 10 square metres, the required minimum rear yard setback for the ancillary building or structure is equal to half the height of the ancillary building or structure; and
(C)in cases other than those set out in (A) or (B) above, the required minimum rear yard setback for ancillary buildings or structures is 0.3 metres.

(3)

Ancillary Buildings or Structures - Side Yard Setback

Subject to regulations 10.5.60.20(6) and (7), in the Residential Zone category, the required minimum side yard setback for an ancillary building or structure:

(A)in a side yard, is the required minimum side yard setback for the residential building on the lot;
(B)in a rear yard and less than 1.8 metres from the residential building on the lot, is the same as the required minimum side yard setback for the residential building; and
(C)in a rear yard and 1.8 metres or more from the residential building on the lot, is as follows:

(i)if it is on a corner lot, and a residential building on an adjacent lot fronts on the street that abuts the side lot line of the corner lot, the ancillary building or structure must be set back from the side lot line that abuts the street a distance equal to the required minimum front yard setback for the residential building on the adjacent lot;
(ii)if it is on a lot with a required minimum lot frontage of 21.0 metres or more, and its height is greater than 2.5 metres or its floor area, is greater than 10 square metres, the required minimum side yard setback is equal to half the height of the ancillary building or structure; and
(iii)in cases other than those set out in (i) and (ii) above, the required minimum side yard setback is 0.3 metres.

(4)

Ancillary Building or Structure - Setback from a Lane

Despite regulations 10.5.60.20(2), (3) and (5) to (11), an ancillary building or structure in the Residential Zone category may be no closer than 2.5 metres from the original centreline of a lane.

(5)

Detached Private Garages - Rear Yard Setback

In the Residential Zone category, the required minimum rear yard setback for an ancillary building or structure containing a parking space must comply with regulation 10.5.60.20(2), except:

(A)if the rear lot line abuts a lane and vehicle access to the parking space in the ancillary building is from the lane, the required minimum rear yard setback is 1.0 metres, subject to regulation 10.5.60.20(4); and
(B)if it is on a through lot, and vehicle access is from the street abutting the rear lot line, the required minimum rear yard setback is the greater of:

(i)the required minimum front yard setback for a residential building on the adjacent lot that fronts on the same street that the rear lot line abuts; or
(ii)6.0 metres.

(6)

Detached Private Garages - Side Yard Setback

In the Residential Zone category, the required minimum side yard setback for an ancillary building or structure containing a parking space must comply with regulation 10.5.60.20(3), except:

(A)if a side lot line abuts a lane, and vehicle access to the parking space is from the lane, the required minimum building setback from that side lot line is 1.0 metres, subject to regulation 10.5.60.20(4); and
(B)if it is on a corner lot, and vehicle access is from the street abutting the side lot line, the required minimum side yard setback is 6.0 metres.

(7)

Detached Private Garages Situated on More than One Lot

Despite regulation 10.5.60.20(3) and (6), if an ancillary building or structure contains the required parking spaces for dwelling units on abutting lots in the Residential Zone category, it may be located on the common side lot line.

(8)

Swimming Pools or Similar Ancillary Structures Containing Water - Rear Yard Setback

Despite regulation 10.5.60.20(2), in the Residential Zone category, the required minimum rear yard setback for an outdoor swimming pool or other ancillary structure used to hold water, such as a fountain or artificial pond, is as follows:

(A)on a lot with a residential building other than an apartment building:

(i)25.0 metres, if it is a through lot and if an adjacent lot fronts on the street abutting the rear lot line of the through lot;
(ii)3.0 metres, if it is a corner lot and if an adjacent lot fronts on the street abutting the side lot line of the corner lot;
(iii)1.2 metres in all other cases; and
(iv)no minimum rear yard setback is required if the water surface area is 1.0 square metres or less; and
(B)on a lot with an apartment building:

(i)7.5 metres, if it is a through lot;
(ii)4.5 metres in all other cases; and
(iii)no minimum rear yard setback is required if the water surface area is 3.0 square metres or less.

(9)

Swimming Pools or Similar Ancillary Structures Containing Water - Side Yard Setback

Despite regulation 10.5.60.20(3), in the Residential Zone category, the required minimum side yard setback for an outdoor swimming pool or other ancillary structure used to hold water, such as a fountain or artificial pond, is as follows:

(A)on a lot with a residential building other than an apartment building:

(i)the greater of 1.2 metres or the side yard setback required by regulation 10.5.60.20(3);
(ii)if it is a corner lot, the required minimum side yard setback for the residential building, plus 1.5 metres, from the side lot line abutting a street; and
(iii)no minimum side yard setback is required if the water surface area is 1.0 square metres or less; and
(B)on a lot with an apartment building:

(i)4.5 metres;
(ii)if it is a corner lot, 7.5 metres from the side lot line abutting a street; and
(iii)no minimum side yard setback is required if the water surface area is 3.0 square metres or less.

(10)

Ground Mounted Heating or Air-Conditioning Devices - Front Yard Setbacks and Side Yard Setbacks

In the Residential Zone category, for a heating or air-conditioning device that is mounted on the ground:

(A)despite regulation 10.5.60.10(1), the device may be located in a front yard, if it is at least 6.0 metres from the front lot line; and
(B)despite regulation 10.5.60.20(3)(A), the device may be in a side yard, if it is no closer to the side lot line than the lesser of:

(i)0.9 metres; or
(ii)the required minimum side yard setback for the residential building on the lot.

(11)

Open Platforms - Rear Yard Setbacks and Side Yard Setbacks

Despite regulation 10.5.60.20(2) and (3), in the Residential Zone category, the required minimum rear yard setback and side yard setback for a platform, such as a deck or similar structure, with a minimum of 50% of the total area of its exterior sides above the platform's floor open to the outside, and that is located no closer to the residential building on the lot than 0.3 metres, is the greater of:

(A)0.3 metres; or
(B)a distance equal to the highest vertical distance between any part of the floor of the platform and the ground below it.

10.5.60.30 Separation

(1)

Minimum Separation Between Residential Buildings and Ancillary Buildings or Structures of a Certain Size

In the Residential Zone category, an ancillary building or structure with a height greater than 2.5 metres, or a gross floor area greater than 10 square metres, must be at least 1.8 metres from a residential building on the same lot.

(2)

Maximum Separation Between Residential Buildings and Ground Mounted Heating or Air-Conditioning Devices in a Rear Yard

A heating or air-conditioning device that is mounted on the ground in the rear yard of a lot in the Residential Zone category may be no more than 2.0 metres from the rear main wall of the residential building.

10.5.60.40 Height

(1)

Determining the Height of Ancillary Buildings or Structures

In the Residential Zone category, the height of an ancillary building or structure is the distance between average grade and the elevation of the highest point of the ancillary building or structure.

(2)

Maximum Height of Ancillary Buildings or Structures

The permitted maximum height of an ancillary building or structure in the Residential Zone category is:

(A)2.5 metres, if the ancillary building or structure is located less than 1.8 metres from the residential building on the lot; and
(B)4.0 metres in all other cases.

(3)

Maximum Storeys for Ancillary Buildings or Structures

An ancillary building or structure in the Residential Zone category may not have more than one storey.

(4)

Entrances to Ancillary Buildings or Structures

The permitted maximum height of the top of an entrance into an ancillary building or structure in the Residential Zone category is 2.5 metres above the average elevation of the ground along the entrance to the ancillary building or structure.

(5)

Height Restrictions for Platforms

In the Residential Zone category, a platform, such as a deck or similar structure, other than a green roof, may not be:

(A)located on top of any ancillary building; and
(B)attached to an ancillary building or structure containing a parking space, if the platform is more than 1.2 metres above the ground at any point below the platform.

10.5.60.50 Floor Area

(1)

Exclusion from Floor Space Index

In the Residential Zone category, the gross floor area of ancillary buildings is not included for the purpose of calculating the total gross floor area and floor space index for a lot.

(2)

Maximum Floor Area of Ancillary Buildings or Structures

The total floor area of all ancillary buildings or structures on a lot in the Residential Zone category, other than an outdoor swimming pool or other structure used to hold water, must not be greater than:

(A)60.0 square metres for a lot with a lot frontage of 12.0 metres or more; and
(B)40.0 square metres in all other cases.

(3)

Maximum Floor Area of an Ancillary Building or Structure Close to a Residential Building on the Same Lot

In the Residential Zone category, the permitted maximum floor area of an ancillary building or structure located less than 1.8 metres from a residential building on the lot is 10.0 square metres.

10.5.60.60 Permitted Encroachments

(1)

Roof Projections for Ancillary Buildings

In the Residential Zone category, the eaves of a roof on an ancillary building may encroach into the required minimum building setback in Clause 10.5.60.20 a maximum of 0.3 metres, if the eaves are no closer to a lot line than 0.15 metres.

10.5.60.70 Lot Coverage

(1)

Lot Coverage Requirement for Ancillary Buildings and Structures

An ancillary building or structure on a lot in the Residential Zone category, other than the water surface area of an outdoor swimming pool or other ancillary structure used to hold water, such as fountains or artificial ponds:

(A)is included in the overall calculation of lot coverage; and
(B)the area of the lot covered by all ancillary buildings and structures may not exceed 10% of the lot area.

(2)

Lot Coverage Requirement for Swimming Pools or Similar Ancillary Structures Containing Water

In the Residential Zone category, the water surface area of an outdoor swimming pool or other structure used to hold water, such as fountains or artificial ponds:

(A)is not included in the calculation of lot coverage; and
(B)the water surface area may not exceed 15% of the lot area.

10.5.75 Energy Regulations

10.5.75.1 General

(1)

Renewable Energy or Cogeneration Energy Device

In the Residential Zone category, a device producing renewable energy or cogeneration energy may not be in a front yard or a side yard that abuts a street.

(2)

Cogeneration Energy Device

In the Residential Zone category, a cogeneration energy device must be inside a permitted building.

(3)

Geo-energy Device

In addition to regulation 10.5.75.1(1), in the Residential Zone category any above-ground part of a geo-energy device must comply with the requirements for:

(A)a building or structure on the lot; or
(B)an ancillary building or structure, if it is on a lot with a residential building.

(4)

Solar Energy Device

In the Residential Zone category, a photovoltaic solar energy device or a thermal solar energy device that is:

(A)on a building:

(i)must comply with the required minimum building setbacks for a building on the lot; and
(ii)no part of the device may be higher than:

(a)1.2 metres above the permitted maximum height for any residential building other than an apartment building; or
(b)2.0 metres above the permitted maximum height for an apartment building or non-residential building; and
(B)ground mounted, must comply with the requirements for:

(i)a building or structure on the lot; and
(ii)an ancillary building or structure, if it is on a lot with a residential building.

(5)

Wind Energy Device

In the Residential Zone category, a wind energy device must comply with the following:

(A)there may be no more than one wind energy device on a lot;
(B)all parts of a wind energy device on a lot must comply with the required minimum building setbacks for a building on the lot;
(C)on a lot with a residential building other than an apartment building, no part of a wind energy device may be higher than 2.5 metres above the permitted maximum height for the building; and
(D)on a lot with an apartment building or non-residential building, no part of a wind energy device may be higher than:

(i)3.0 metres above the permitted maximum height for the building if:

(a)the permitted maximum height for the building is less than 24.0 metres; or
(b)the lot abuts another lot in the Residential Zone category; and
(ii)in all other cases, 5.0 metres above the permitted maximum height for the building.

10.5.80 Parking

10.5.80.1 General

(1)

Use of Required Parking Space

A parking space required by this By-law for a use in the Residential Zone category must be available for the use for which it is required.

(2)

Ancillary Outdoor Area for Parking

In the Residential Zone category, a lot with a residential building other than a detached house, semi-detached house or a duplex, may have an ancillary outdoor area used for the parking or storing of more than 3 vehicles if:

(A)no portion of the ancillary outdoor area is closer to a residential building on the same lot than 6.0 metres;
(B)the ancillary outdoor area is fenced, excluding the portions used for vehicle or pedestrian access;
(C)the surface area used for the parking or storing of vehicles is no closer to a fence than 1.5 metres;
(D)the ancillary outdoor area is no closer to a lot line that abuts a street than the greater of:

(i)6.0 metres; or
(ii)the distance that a residential building on an adjoining lot is set back from its lot line abutting the same street; and
(E)there is no more than one ancillary building for parking attendants and it:

(i)has a maximum height of 3.0 metres;
(ii)has a maximum floor area of 5.0 square metres; and
(iii)is no closer to any lot line abutting a street than 6.0 metres.

(3)

Charging for Visitor Parking

In the Residential Zone category, no fee may be charged for a visitor parking space for an apartment building.

10.5.80.10 Location

(1)

Location of Required Parking Spaces

In the Residential Zone category, a parking space must be on the same lot as the use for which the parking space is required.

(2)

Parking Space Location for Apartment Buildings

In the Residential Zone category, a minimum of 50% of the required parking spaces for an apartment building, other than required visitor parking spaces, must be in a building or underground structure.

(3)

Street Yard Parking Space

In the Residential Zone category, a parking space may not be in a front yard or a side yard abutting a street. This regulation does not apply if a parking space in the front yard is permitted by the City of Toronto under the authority of the City of Toronto Act, 2006, or its predecessor.

(4)

Parking in the Front Yard

In the Residential Zone category, for a detached house, a semi-detached house, or a duplex, and for an individual townhouse dwelling unit where a private driveway leads directly to the dwelling unit, vehicles may be parked on the private portion of the driveway leading to a parking space.

(5)

Parking Space for a Secondary Suite

Despite regulation 10.5.80.10(3), in the Residential Zone category a required parking space for a secondary suite may be in the front yard if it is on a driveway.

(6)

Corner Lot Parking Space Location

On a corner lot in the Residential Zone category, a parking space must be:

(A)in a building or structure;
(B)in a rear yard; or
(C)in a side yard that does not abut a street.

(7)

Rear Yard Parking Spaces

In the Residential Zone category, on a lot with a detached house, a semi-detached house or a duplex, a maximum of 2 parking spaces may be located outside in the rear yard.

(8)

Parking Spaces for Storing Recreational Vehicles

A maximum of two parking spaces on a lot in the Residential Zone category may be used for recreational vehicles, if:

(A)there is no more than one camper trailer or one boat trailer; and
(B)the recreational vehicles are stored in:

(i)a building; or
(ii)a parking space in the area of the rear yard which is not required for soft landscaping.

(9)

Commercial Vehicle Parking Restriction

A parking space in the Residential Zone category may be used for a commercial vehicle, if:

(A)an owner or tenant of a dwelling unit on the lot is the owner or operator of the vehicle; and
(B)it is within a wholly enclosed building.

(10)

Commercial Vehicle Parking Not Permitted in Yards

A parking space located outside of a building in the Residential Zone category may not be used for:

(A)commercially licensed vehicles;
(B)construction vehicles;
(C)dump trucks;
(D)agricultural vehicles;
(E)repair or towing vehicles;
(F)tracked vehicles;
(G)vehicles with a traction engine;
(H)vehicles designed to run only on rails; and
(I)vehicles equipped with more than six wheels, excluding spare wheels.

10.5.80.11 Location Exemptions

(1)

Lawfully Existing Front Yard Parking Spaces

In the Residential Zone category, if a lawfully existing building has one or two lawful parking spaces on a driveway in the front yard, regulation 10.5.80.10(3) does not apply so long as those parking spaces remain.

(2)

Side-by-Side Front Yard Parking Spaces on a Lawfully Existing Driveway

If a lot with a lawfully existing detached house or lawfully existing semi-detached house in the Residential Zone category has a lawfully existing driveway that is wider than permitted by regulation 10.5.100.1(1) and it leads to only one parking space behind the main front main wall, two parking spaces may be located side-by-side on that driveway in the front yard if the driveway width does not exceed 6.0 metres.

(3)

Front Yard Parking Spaces Authorized Under the City of Toronto Act

If a lawfully existing lot in the Residential Zone category has a lawfully existing building and the required parking spaces cannot be located where required by this By-law, those parking spaces may be entirely or partially in the front yard of that lot if approval is given under the City of Toronto Act, 2006, as amended.

10.5.80.30 Separation

(1)

Parking Space Separation from Apartment Building

In the Residential Zone category, a surface parking space must be at least 3.0 metres from all main walls of an apartment building.

10.5.80.40 Access to Parking Space

(1)

Maximum Width of Garage Entrance in Front Wall on Certain Lots

In the Residential Zone category, for a lot with a detached house or a semi-detached house, if the required minimum lot frontage is less than 24.0 metres, the maximum combined width of all vehicle entrances through the front main wall of the residential building is 6.0 metres.

(2)

Elevation of Garage Entrance in Certain Types of Residential Buildings

In the Residential Zone category, for a detached house or semi-detached house, and for an individual townhouse dwelling unit where an individual private driveway leads directly to the dwelling unit, the elevation of the lowest point of a vehicle entrance in a main wall of the building must be higher than the elevation of the centreline of the driveway at the point where it intersects a lot line abutting a street.

(3)

Parking Space Access on a Corner Lot

In the Residential Zone category, vehicle access to a parking space on a corner lot must:

(A)be from the lane, if the lot abuts a lane;
(B)be from a flanking street that is not a major street on the Policy Areas Overlay Map, if the lot does not abut a lane; and
(C)in all other cases, may be from the street on which the lot fronts.

10.5.100 Access to Lot

10.5.100.1 General

(1)

Driveway Width in the Front Yard for Certain Residential Building Types

In the Residential Zone category, in addition to meeting the landscaping requirements in regulation 10.5.50.10, for a detached house, semi-detached house, or duplex, and for an individual townhouse dwelling unit if an individual private driveway leads directly to the dwelling unit, a driveway that is in the front yard or passes through the front yard may have the following dimensions in the front yard:

(A)a minimum width of 2.0 metres;
(B)for lots with a lot frontage less than 6.0 metres, or a townhouse dwelling unit less than 6.0 metres wide, a maximum width of 2.6 metres;
(C)for lots with a lot frontage of 6.0 metres to 23.0 metres inclusive, or a townhouse dwelling unit at least 6.0 metres wide, a maximum driveway width the lesser of:

(i)6.0 metres;
(ii)the cumulative width of side-by-side parking spaces behind the front main wall, but not in the rear yard; or
(iii)the width of a single parking spaces behind the front main wall, but not in the rear yard; or
(iv)2.6 metres if all parking spaces are in the rear yard; and
(D)for lots with a lot frontage greater than 23.0 metres, a maximum driveway width the lesser of:

(i)9.0 metres;
(ii)the cumulative width of side-by-side parking spaces behind the front main wall if there is at least one parking space behind the front main wall but not in the rear yard; or
(iii)2.6 metres if all parking spaces are in the rear yard.

(2)

Driveway Width Other Than Through the Front Yard for Certain Residential Building Types

In the Residential Zone category, for a detached house, semi-detached house, or duplex, and for an individual townhouse dwelling unit if an individual private driveway leads directly to the dwelling unit, a driveway that is not in the front yard or does not pass through the front yard may have the following dimensions:

(A)a minimum width of 2.0 metres; and
(B)a maximum width the lesser of:

(i)6.0 metres; or
(ii)the width of the parking spaces.

(3)

Driveway Width for Triplex, Fourplex and Certain Types of Townhouse

In the Residential Zone category, for a triplex or fourplex, and for a townhouse if an individual private driveway does not lead directly to an individual dwelling unit, a driveway may have:

(A)a minimum width of 2.0 metres for each lane; and
(B)a maximum total width of 6.0 metres.

(4)

Driveway Width for Apartment Buildings

For an apartment building in the Residential Zone category, a driveway may have:

(A)a minimum width of 3.0 metres for each lane; and
(B)a maximum total width of 6.0 metres.

(5)

Driveway Access to Apartment Buildings

If an apartment building in the Residential Zone category has 25 dwelling units or more, an unobstructed vehicle access must be provided between the street and the principal pedestrian entrance to the building so that a vehicle can enter and leave the lot while driving forward in one continuous movement.

(6)

Driveway with Two Points of Access to the Same Street

A lot in the Residential Zone category may have a driveway with two points of vehicle access to the same street, if:

(A)the lot has a lot frontage greater than 18.0 metres; and
(B)the front yard landscaping complies with Clause 10.5.50.10.

(7)

Hammerhead Turnaround Driveway Permitted on Certain Lots

In the Residential Zone category, a lot with a residential building, other than an apartment building with 25 or more dwelling units, may have a driveway with a hammerhead turnaround, if the lot complies with the front yard landscaping requirements of Clause 10.5.50.10 and:

(A)the lot has a lot frontage greater than 18.0 metres; or
(B)vehicle access is from a street with a minimum right-of-way width of 27.0 metres.

(8)

Hammerhead Turnaround Driveway Dimensions

In the Residential Zone category, a hammerhead turnaround must:

(A)have a maximum width of 3.0 metres;
(B)extend no more than 4.5 metres from one edge of the driveway; and
(C)extend no more than 3.0 metres from each opposite edge of the driveway.

10.5.150 Waste

10.5.150.1 General

(1)

Waste and Recyclable Materials Storage for an Apartment Building

For an apartment building in the Residential Zone category, all waste and recyclable material must be stored in a wholly enclosed building, if the apartment building is constructed pursuant to a building permit issued more than three years after May 9, 2013.
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