City of Toronto Zoning By-law 569-2013
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The new City-wide Zoning By-law was enacted on May 9, 2013. It may be appealed under section 34(19) of the Planning Act. Even though it is appealed, the City's Chief Building Official and the Committee of Adjustment will apply the new by-law to applications filed after its enactment. Please consult with your advisors to determine whether the new by-law has any impact. Zoning By-law No. 569-2013 in pdf:
Volume 1  Volume 2  Volume 3
 
 
City of Toronto Zoning By-law 569-2013
Version Date: May 9, 2013
Table of Contents

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Chapter 1Administration
Chapter 2Compliance with this By-law
Chapter 5Regulations Applying to all Zones
Chapter 10Residential
Chapter 15Residential Apartment
Chapter 30Commercial
Chapter 40Commercial Residential
Chapter 50Commercial Residential Employment
Chapter 60Employment Industrial
Chapter 80Institutional
Chapter 90Open Space
Chapter 100Utility and Transportation
Chapter 150Specific Use Regulations
Chapter 200Parking Space Regulations
200.5Regulations Applying to Parking Spaces
200.5.1General
200.5.1.10Interpretation
200.5.10Parking Rates
200.5.10.1General
200.5.10.11Parking Rate Exemptions
200.5.200Parking Exemptions
200.5.200.40Commercial Residential Zone Category
200.5.200.50Commercial Residential Employment Zone Category
200.10Regulations Applying to Visitor Parking Spaces
200.15Regulations Applying to Accessible Parking Spaces
200.20Regulations Applying to Parking Spaces for Heritage Buildings
Chapter 220Loading Space Regulations
Chapter 230Bicycle Parking Space Regulations
Chapter 280Special Districts - Downtown
Chapter 300Special Districts - Centres
Chapter 400Special Districts - Avenues
Chapter 500Special Districts - Heritage
Chapter 600Regulations for Overlay Zones
Chapter 800Definitions
Chapter 900Site Specific Exceptions
Chapter 970Appendices
Chapter 990Zoning By-law Map
Chapter 995Overlay Maps

Chapter 200 Parking Space Regulations

200.5 Regulations Applying to Parking Spaces

200.5.1 General

(1)

Application of This Section

The regulations in Section 200.5 apply to all parking spaces and drive aisles.

(2)

Requirement to Provide Parking Spaces

Parking spaces must be provided collectively for each use on a lot in an amount that complies with the regulations in Chapter 200 Parking Space Regulations.

(3)

Drive Aisle Width

The following are the minimum drive aisle widths:

(A)If the centreline of a parking space is at an interior angle of 70 to 90 degrees to the centreline of the drive aisle providing vehicle access, the minimum width for that one or two lane drive aisle is 6.0 metres;
(B)If the centreline of a parking space is at an interior angle from 50 to less than 70 degrees to the centreline of the drive aisle providing vehicle access, the minimum width for that drive aisle is 5.5 metres for each lane;
(C)If the centreline of a parking space is at an interior angle of less than 50 degrees from the centreline of the drive aisle providing vehicle access, the minimum width for that drive aisle is 4.0 metres for each lane.

200.5.1.10 Interpretation

(1)

Application of Parking Space Rates in Policy Areas 3 and 4

A lot located entirely or partly within Policy Area 3 or Policy Area 4 on the Policy Area Overlay Map is subject to the following:

(A)if the buildings on the lot cover at least 50% of the area located within 40 metres of the lot line that abuts the street in the Policy Area, the parking space rates for uses in that policy area apply to the entire lot; and
(B)in cases other than (A) above, the applicable parking space rate for a use is the parking space requirements for uses not located in Policy Area 1, Policy Area 2, Policy Area 3 or Policy Area 4.

(2)

Parking Space Dimensions - Minimum

A parking space is subject to the following:

(A)A parking space must have the following minimum dimensions:

(i)length of 5.6 metres;
(ii)width of 2.6 metres;
(iii)vertical clearance of 2.0 metres; and
(iv)the minimum width in (ii) must be increased by 0.3 metres for each side of the parking space that is obstructed according to (D) below;
(B)For a parking space accessed by a drive aisle with a width of less than 6.0 metres, whether it is a one-way or two-way drive aisle, the minimum dimensions of a parking space are:

(i)length - 5.6 metres;
(ii)width - 2.9 metres;
(iii)vertical clearance - 2.0 metres; and
(iv)the minimum width in (ii) must be increased by 0.3 metres if one or both sides of the parking space is obstructed according to (D) below;
(C)The minimum dimensions of a parking space that is adjacent and parallel to a drive aisle from which vehicle access is provided are:

(i)length - 6.7 metres;
(ii)width - 2.6 metres;
(iii)vertical clearance - 2.0 metres; and
(iv)the minimum width in (ii) must be increased by 0.3 metres for each side of the parking space that is obstructed according to (D) below; and
(D)The side of a parking space is obstructed if any part of a fixed object such as a wall, column, bollard, fence or pipe is situated:

(i)within 0.3 metres of the side of the parking space, measured at right angles, and
(ii)more than 1.0 metre from the front or rear of the parking space.

(3)

Parking Space Dimensions - Maximum

The maximum dimensions for a parking space are:

(A)length of 6.0 metres
(B)width of 3.2 metres

(4)

Vertical Clearance of a Parking Space

The minimum vertical clearance for a parking space extends over the entire length and width of the parking space, excluding a wheel stop with a height of less than 18.0 centimetres.

(5)

Tandem Parking Spaces

A required parking space may not be a tandem parking space, except when it is required for a secondary suite, group home or duplex building.

(6)

Tandem Parking Space Minimum Dimensions

A tandem parking space must have the following minimum dimensions:

(A)length of 5.6 metres;
(B)width of 2.6 metres;
(C)vertical clearance of 2.0 metres.

(7)

Calculation of Required Parking Space - Vacant Building Space

The parking space requirement for an area of a building that is vacant is calculated as follows:

(A)the previous use of that building or part of the building;
(B)the land use identified on the issued building permit; or
(C)if a building or part of a building has never been used, and its intended use has never been identified in a building permit, the parking space requirement is based on the permitted use in the zone that has the lowest minimum parking space requirement.

(8)

Calculation of Parking Space Requirement

If a parking space rate is expressed as a ratio of parking spaces to the gross floor area, the parking space requirement for a use is calculated by multiplying the gross floor area of the use by the applicable rate found in Table 200.5.10.1 Parking Space Rates and Parking Space Occupancy.

(9)

Calculation of Parking Space Requirements - Rounding

If the calculation of the number of required parking spaces results in a number with a fraction, the number is rounded down to the nearest whole number, but there may not be less than one parking space.

(10)

Parking Space to be Clearly Marked

All parking spaces required for a non-residential use must be clearly identified and marked.

(11)

Parking Space Calculation -Gross Floor Area Exclusion

The interior floor area of that portion of a building used exclusively for heating, cooling, ventilation, electrical, fire emergency stairwells, elevator shafts, atriums, utility areas, storage areas in the basement, parking space, loading space, or a drive aisle used to access a parking space or loading space, is not included in the gross floor area for the purpose of calculating parking space requirements.

(12)

Vehicle Access to Building - Non-residential and Apartment Parking Area

If an apartment building, mixed use building or a building with non-residential uses, has an area for parking two or more vehicles:

(A)the vehicle entrance and exit for a two-way driveway into and out of the building must have a minimum width of 5.5 metres;
(B)the vehicle entrance or exit for a one-way driveway into or out of the building must have a minimum width of 3.5 metres; and
(C)in (A) and (B) above, the vehicle entrance or exit to the building must be at least 6.0 metres from the lot line abutting the street.

(13)

Parking Space Access

Other than stacked parking spaces and tandem parking spaces, all areas used for required parking spaces must have driveway access to a street or lane that is direct and unobstructed, excluding a gate, moveable barrier or similar security feature.

200.5.10 Parking Rates

200.5.10.1 General

(1)

Parking Space Rates

Off street parking spaces must be provided for every building or structure erected or enlarged, in compliance with Table 200.5.10.1 - Parking Space Rates And Parking Space Occupancy

(2)

Provision of Parking Spaces

Parking spaces provided for each use may not be:

(A)less than the required minimum; or
(B)greater than the permitted maximum.

(3)

Parking Space Rate Ancillary Uses

A use that is ancillary has the same parking space rate as the use to which it is ancillary.

(4)

Parking Space Permission for Uses with No Parking Requirement

If a use is not required to provide parking spaces by Table 200.5.10.1 of this By-law, parking spaces may be provided for that use if:

(A)the use is listed on Table 200.5.10.1;
(B)the parking spaces are used by the owner, occupant or visitors to the premises; and
(C)the number of parking spaces is not:

(i)less than the required minimum for all uses on the lot by Table 200.5.10.1; and
(ii)greater than the permitted maximum or all uses on the lot by Table 200.5.10.1.

(5)

Parking Space Rates - Multiple Uses on a Lot

If there are multiple uses on a lot, the respective parking space rate for each use on the lot applies and the total number of required parking spaces is the cumulative total for all uses.

(6)

Shared Parking Space Calculation (Minimum)

In Policy Area 1 (PA1), Policy Area 2 (PA2), Policy Area 3 (PA3), Policy Area 4 (PA4), the minimum number of parking spaces required for a lot is determined as follows:

(A)for each of the morning, afternoon and evening parking periods Table 200.5.10.1, the minimum number of parking spaces required for each use, is calculated using the respective parking space rate and occupancy rate;
(B)the minimum number of parking spaces required for each parking period is the total of the parking spaces required for all uses during that parking period; and
(C)the minimum number of parking spaces required for the lot is equal to the largest number of parking spaces required for any parking period.

(7)

Interpretation of Minimum and Maximum Parking Space Requirement

If Table 200.5.10.1 has a minimum and maximum number of parking spaces for a use, the number of parking spaces for that use listed on the Table may not:

(A)be less than the required minimum; and
(B)exceed the permitted maximum.

(8)

Multiple Dwelling Unit Buildings Parking Rates

For calculating parking space requirements, a "multiple dwelling unit building" means two or more residential buildings, other than an apartment building, on lands where the driveway access to the buildings or to a parking area, is a common element over a "Parcel of Tied Land". For the purpose of this regulation, a "Parcel of Tied Land" has the meaning given to it in section 24 of Ontario Regulation 49/01 made under the Condominium Act, 1998, S.O. 1998,c.19, as amended.

(9)

Assisted Housing Parking Rates

For the purposes of calculating parking space requirements, "assisted housing" means a dwelling unit operated by a non-profit organization or private sector organization in cooperation with the City of Toronto.

(10)

Alternative Housing Parking Rates

For the purpose of calculating parking space requirements, "alternative housing" means a dwelling unit or bedsitting room owned and operated by or on behalf of the City of Toronto, or by a non-profit agency in cooperation with the City of Toronto or a private sector organization in cooperation with the City of Toronto.

(11)

Place of Worship Parking Rates

For the purpose of calculating parking space requirements for a place of worship, the "worship area" means 90% of the area in a place of worship used for the expression of worship through religious services, rites or ceremonies.

(12)

Policy Area 1 (PA1) Parking Space Reduction for Bicycle Parking Spaces

In Policy Area 1 (PA1) the total minimum number of vehicle parking spaces required on a lot may be reduced at a rate of 1 vehicle parking space for each 5 bicycle parking spaces provided in excess of the minimum number of bicycle parking spaces required by Chapter 230 if the reduction of vehicle parking space is not greater than 20% of the total minimum vehicle parking spaces required.

200.5.10.11 Parking Rate Exemptions

(1)

Parking Space Requirements for a Lawfully Existing Building

If the lawful number of parking spaces for a lawfully existing building is less than the required number of parking spaces, the lawful number of parking spaces is the minimum number of parking spaces for that lawfully existing building.

(2)

Parking Space Requirement - Addition or Extension of a Lawfully Existing Building

Any addition or extension to a lawfully existing building referred to in regulation 200.5.10.11(1) must provide any additional parking space required by Clause 200.5.10.1 or be authorized by a Section 45 Planning Act minor variance.

(3)

Parking Space Requirement - Change of Use in a Lawfully Existing Building

If a lawfully existing building referred to in regulation 200.5.10.11(1) changes use:

(A)the lawfully existing number of parking spaces may not be reduced; and
(B)any additional required parking spaces required by Clause 200.5.10.1 must be provided or be authorized by a Section 45 Planning Act minor variance.

(4)

Lawfully Existing Parking Space Located Off-Site

If the required parking spaces for lawful uses in a lawfully existing building are lawfully located on a lot that is not the same lot as the use for which the parking spaces are required:

(A)those lawful parking spaces may be provided on another lot for that lawfully existing building, if those lawful parking spaces are not reduced; and
(B)any addition or expansion to that building must comply with the parking requirements or be authorized by a Section 45 Planning Act minor variance.

200.5.200 Parking Exemptions

200.5.200.40 Commercial Residential Zone Category

(1)

Parking Rates for Common Areas and Walkways in Commercial Malls

In the Commercial Residential Zone category, internal common areas and walkways located on the first storey of an enclosed commercial retail mall are required to provide parking spaces as follows:

(A)if the interior floor area of internal common areas and walkways on the first storey services retail stores and any other use; then the parking space requirement for retail stores applies to the interior floor area of the common areas and walkways; and
(B)if the interior floor area of internal common areas and walkways on the first storey services only one use; the parking space requirement for that use applies to the interior floor area of the common areas and walkways.

(2)

Parking Rates for Public Common Areas and Walkways in Office Buildings

In the Commercial Residential Zone category internal common areas and walkways located on the first storey in an office building are required to provide parking spaces as follows:

(A)if the total interior floor area of all non-office uses on the first storey is greater than the total interior floor area of all office uses on the first storey, then the parking space requirement for the non-office use applies to the common areas and walkways; and
(B)if the total interior floor area of all office uses on the first storey is greater than the total interior floor area of all non-office uses on the first storey, then the parking space requirement for an office use applies to the common areas and walkways.

(3)

Parking Space Requirements for Change of Non-residential Use

If a lot in the CR zone subject to Development Standard Set 2 (SS2) has a building constructed pursuant to a building permit issued on or before March 1, 1994, and the building covers a minimum of 75% of the lot area, for a change of non-residential uses in that building:

(A)no additional parking spaces are required for a non-residential use with a higher parking space requirement; and
(B)the number of parking spaces existing on the lot on March 1, 1994 may not be reduced for a non-residential use with a lower parking space requirement.

(4)

Policy Area 1 Parking Space Exemption

In a CR zone in Policy Area 1, no parking spaces are required for the following uses, if the interior floor area of all these uses, does not exceed 1.0 times the area of the lot:

(A)Artist Studio;
(B)Custom Workshop;
(C)Financial Institution;
(D)Funeral Home;
(E)Office;
(F)Performing Arts Studio;
(G)Personal Service Shop;
(H)Pet Services;
(I)Retail Service;
(J)Retail Store; and
(K)Service Shop.

200.5.200.50 Commercial Residential Employment Zone Category

(1)

Parking Exception for change of Non-residential use

In a CRE zone in Policy Area 1 (PA1), if a change of non-residential use is proposed for a lawfully existing building or to a building that was erected pursuant to a building permit issued on or before March 7, 1983, and a minimum of 75% of the lot area is occupied by the building:

(A)additional parking spaces are not required for a non-residential use; and
(B)the number of lawful parking spaces on the lot may not be reduced.
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