The last Expert Advisory Panel meeting was held on September 17. Learn more about the Expert Panel.

Toronto is a global city with a transit system that needs to be maintained and expanded to meet our growth. Public transit services in Toronto are integral to the city and region’s vitality.

On June 6, 2019, Bill 107 – Getting Ontario Moving Act received Royal Assent by the Provincial Legislature. The legislation enables a series of changes to how transit is planned, designed and delivered in Toronto. On July 23, 2019, Ontario Regulation 248/19 “Interim Measures- Upload of Rapid Transit Projects” went into effect. The regulation identifies three rapid transit projects in Toronto as sole responsibility projects of Metrolinx. More changes are expected later this year and in 2020.

Discussions are ongoing between the City/TTC and Province of Ontario regarding the transit review (i.e. a realignment of transit responsibilities).

The next report back to City Council will be in Fall 2019.

Toronto is a global city with a transit system that needs to be maintained and expanded to meet our growth. Public transit services in Toronto are integral to the city and region’s vitality.

The Toronto Transit Commission (TTC) is a network of buses, streetcars, wheel-trans vehicles and subways. Each is interdependent on the other, with seamless transfers made by passengers from mode to mode on one fare. The Transit Control Centre, safety and security, and specialized trades all work together to deliver transit in Toronto, regardless of mode. It’s this interdependency that makes up a network.

Toronto has the third largest transit system in North America and carries the vast majority of all public transit riders in the GTHA. Public transit services in Toronto are integral to the city and region’s vitality.

The TTC system makes up nearly 85 per cent of all public transit trips in the Greater Toronto and Hamilton Area. It recovers approximately 70 per cent of its operating budget from the fares, making it one of North America’s most efficient transit systems. Toronto’s system is also the least subsidized local transit system in North America.

Maintaining the System

We need to care for our existing assets to maintain service levels while also growing our system to meet projected demands. Over the next 15 years, the TTC requires $33.5 billion to maintain service levels and make capital investments in current fleet, facilities and infrastructure.

These investments to maintain our system are currently funded through property taxes, development charges and the municipal allocation of the provincial and federal gas tax.

Maintaining the system, other transit infrastructure. Image has four sections - stations, buses, streetcars and wheel-trans. The image describes key investments for each. For more information on maintaining the system, read TTC's Capital Investment Plan for 2019 – 2023. Link here: https://www.ttc.ca/Coupler/PDFs/TTC%20Capital%20Investment%20Plan%202019-2033.pdf

For more information, see the TTC’s Capital Investment Plan: Making Headway: Capital Investments to Keep Transit Moving to Keep Transit Moving.

Expanding the System

Toronto’s population is growing and our demographics are changing. With growth comes challenges, including the need to invest in infrastructure to give people options for getting around, build a livable city and grow the economy. Our transit system needs to support Toronto to:

  • Serve people;
  • Strengthen places; and
  • Support prosperity.

In 2016 City Council approved a transit expansion program that supports future growth, achieves city building objectives and provides rapid transit service to underserved areas of Toronto. Each approved project plays a key role in the envisioned transit network.

Over the last several years, $224 million has been invested to advance City Council’s priority projects, including planning for the Relief Line, Line 2 East Extension, Waterfront Transit, and Eglinton Crosstown extensions.

In April 2019, the City Manager provided an update to City Council on Toronto’s Transit Expansion Program. The City Manager report also identified priority expansion projects for federal infrastructure funding. As part of the Ontario 2019 Budget, it announced a transit expansion proposal that includes several projects in Toronto.

The City and TTC are currently conducting an assessment of the Province’s transit expansion proposal to better understand the projects and how they will fit into the City’s transit network and existing policies and plans.
City staff will be reporting back to City Council in Fall 2019.

Several changes are being made to how we plan for transit in this City. We want to make sure your voice is heard.

In June 2019, the City undertook various consultation activities to inform residents about Toronto’s transit maintenance and expansion needs, the transit responsibilities review between the City and Province, and the Province’s transit expansion proposal. We provided information and consulted via:

  • Public Information Centres
  • Pop-up events
  • Online Survey
  • Social media
  • Third Party Research

An expert advisory panel has also been established by the City of Toronto and TTC to provide objective input and advice to the City Manager and CEO TTC on the Transit Responsibilities Review.

Learn more about the June 2019 engagment and consultation events and the Expert Advisory Panel.

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In the City of Toronto and the region, transit planning, delivery, construction, operations and maintenance involves multiple parties with various roles, responsibilities and expertise. Strong relationships between all organizations enable the successful delivery of a transit system and services that meets the needs of people in the City and region.

Several changes are being made to how we plan for transit in this City. On June 6, 2019, Bill 107 – Getting Ontario Moving Act received Royal Assent by the Provincial Legislature. The legislation enables a series of changes to how transit is planned, designed and delivered in Toronto. On July 23, 2019, Ontario Regulation 248/19 “Interim Measures- Upload of Rapid Transit Projects” went into effect. The regulation identifies three rapid transit projects in Toronto as sole responsibility projects of Metrolinx.

More changes are expected later this year and in 2020, including the Province’s intention to introduce legislation to take responsibility for the existing subway network. City Council has indicated that the City of Toronto should continue to own, operate and maintain the Toronto transit system. Discussions between City/TTC and the Province are ongoing with respect to these changes in roles and responsibilities.

These discussions are being guided by a Terms of Reference that was signed on February 12, 2019. The Terms of Reference identifies the following as core discussion areas for the review:

  • The accelerated implementation of priority expansion projects;
  • The integration of transit services across modes and agencies (e.g., TTC, Metrolinx and other 905 transit agencies);
  • The modernization and enhancement of the existing subway system, while ensuring the system is maintained in a state of good repair;
  • The continuity of safe, reliable service to all residents whom depend on it for mobility; and,
  • A long-term sustainable, predictable, funding model for the existing transit system and future transit need.

City Council and TTC Board consider many reports related to Toronto’s Transit System. Links to City Council and TTC Board reports and decisions relevant to the discussions underway regarding the transit responsibilities review can be found below.

Reports on Toronto’s Transit Expansion Program:

Province’s Transit Expansion Proposal

Reports on TTC’s State of Good Repair Needs

Picture of TTC workers welding on tracks underground, sparks flying with text overlay: Transit expansion is exciting news. Transit maintenance? Not so much. Yet both are equally important.
Picture of a long transit tunnel from track level perspective with text overlay: The future of the transit system is on a need-to-know basis. And you need to know.