Role of the City, Provincial & Federal Government Learning Guide
What Do Canadian Cities Do?
With three levels of government in Canada it can be hard to keep track of who does what. Below is a chart of the roles of cities, provinces and the federal government.
There are some roles that belong only to the Federal government including: money and banking, international and interprovincial/territorial trade, airlines and railways, telecommunications and broadcasting, foreign affairs and international assistance, defence and veterans affairs, border security employment insurance and criminal law.
Roles and Responsibilities in Canada
Federal (F), Provincial (P), Municipal (M)
|Administration of justice|
|Arts and culture facilities/events|
|Emergency medical services|
|Health care *|
(animal, building, business)
|Municipal streets and roads|
|Parks and recreation|
|Pensions/income support *|
|Post-secondary education, training and research|
|Primary and secondary education|
|Social assistance and social
|Waste and recycling services|
|Water and wastewater|
|“our cities, our future” Addressing the fiscal imbalance in Canada’s cities today, Big City Mayors’ Caucus, June 2006|
|* provided by some municipalities|