Adapted from APIC Guideline for Selection and Use of Disinfectants.

 Remember the following:

  • The solution must be made fresh daily to preserve strength
  • The bottle must be labelled
  • Clean before applying the disinfectant
  • Follow the contact time
  • Household bleach is 5.25% sodium hypochlorite solution (50,000ppm available chlorine)

 

High-level disinfection Solutions

  • 1:50 chlorine bleach solution
  • 1 part bleach and 49 parts water
  • 1,000 ppm (parts per million)

What to use on

  • Semi-critical items
  • Items that may accidentally penetrate skin and /or come into contact with blood or body fluids.
  • Use to clean surfaces following contact with blood or body fluids or where sterilization is not possible.
  • Soaking time: 20 minutes

How to mix the bleach solution

  • 10 ml bleach with 495 ml water

or

  • 2 tsp. bleach with 2 cups water

Intermediate-level disinfection solutions

  • 1:50 bleach solution
  • 1 part bleach:49 parts water
  • 1000ppm (parts per million)

What to use on

  • Semi-critical items
  • Items that may accidentally penetrate skin and/or come into contact with blood or body fluids.
  • Soaking time: 10 minutes

How to mix the bleach solution

  • 10 ml bleach with 495 ml water *

or

  • 2 tsp. bleach with 2 cups water

 

*For the average footbath that has 20 litres of water use 404 ml of bleach

Low-level disinfection

  • 1:500 chlorine bleach solution
  • 1 part bleach and 499 parts water
  • 100 ppm (parts per million)

What to use on

  • Non-critical items
  • Items that come into contact but do not penetrate intact skin or items that do not ordinarily touch clients.
  • These items do not contact blood or body fluids.
  • May be used for routine housekeeping
  • Use to clean surfaces following contact with blood or body fluids or where sterilization is not possible.
  • Soaking time: 20 minutes

How to mix the bleach solution

  • 5 ml bleach with 2 1/2 liters water

or

  • 1 tsp. bleach with 10 cups water

Related Information

Print Versions Available Upon Request in the Following Languages

For a copy of this document in the following languages, please email us at BodySafe@toronto.ca

 

Simplified Chinese – 中文
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