Last updated: May 7, 2021 at 5:05 p.m.
Informed by the best advice from Toronto Public Health and other public health experts, the City of Toronto and the Province of Ontario have enacted legislation to prevent the spread of COVID-19. The enforcement of these public health bylaws and orders continues to be a priority for the City of Toronto.
Under the temporary physical distancing bylaws, people who are not from the same household must maintain a physical distance of two metres (six feet) apart in a park or public square. The fines for failing to practise physical distancing in a park, beach or public square range from a ticket for $1000 up to a maximum of $5000.
End: On September 30, 2020, City Council voted to extend the temporary bylaw until January 2021
Legislation: temporary amendments to Municipal Code Chapter 608, Parks, and Chapter 636, Public Squares required by the Mayor’s two emergency orders were implemented by City of Toronto By-law 322-2020 and By-law 323-2020
The Province of Ontario implemented regulations on the mandatory wearing of a mask or face covering through Ontario Regulation 364/20 (Rules for Areas in Stage 3), Ontario Regulation 263/20 (Rules for Areas in Stage 2) and Ontario Regulation 82/20 (Rules for Areas in Stage 1) made under the Reopening Ontario (A Flexible Response to COVID-19) Act . Currently, the Stage 1 (shutdown zone) Regulation 82/20 and a Stay-At-Home Order are in effect in the City of Toronto.
Under the Reopening Ontario Act, the wearing of masks or face coverings by individuals is mandatory in all public indoor settings across Ontario, such as businesses, facilities, workplaces, and shelters with limited exemptions, including corrections and developmental services. Wearing a mask or face covering is also mandatory in a vehicle that is operated as part of a business or organization. Read the Province of Ontario regulations for full details about mandatory masks or face coverings.
In addition to provincial regulations on mandatory masks or face coverings, City of Toronto By-law 541-2020, as amended by By-law 664-20 and By-law 263-2021, requires the following (i) operators of an establishment must have a policy in place that requires masks or face coverings be worn in indoor public spaces; (ii) owners of apartment buildings and condominium corporations must have a policy in place that requires masks or face coverings be worn in common areas in apartment buildings and condominiums; and (iii) any person in an enclosed common area of an apartment or condominium building must wear a mask or face covering, unless subject to an exemption.
While the City bylaws remain in effect, the City enforcement team is also enforcing mask and face covering requirements under the Reopening Ontario Act. Tickets for violating the Reopening Ontario Act carry a fine of $750 for an individual and $1000 for a corporation. If a court summons is issued, following a conviction, the Court may impose the following fines and penalties:
Toronto is in the Shutdown Zone under the Province of Ontario’s Reopening Ontario (A Flexible Response to COVID-19) Act. While in the Shutdown Zone, provincial regulations prohibit indoor and outdoor dine-in service at food and drink establishments, including bars, restaurants and food courts.
Take-out, drive-thru and delivery options remain available and people are strongly encouraged to support local businesses.
Note: Municipal Code amendments for service at food and drink establishments are currently superseded by provincial orders under the Reopening Ontario Act that prohibit indoor and outdoor dining.
Municipal Code amendments related to food and drink establishments require owners or operators to implement a number of measures to prevent the spread of COVID-19. The fine for non-compliance is $1000.
On September 30, City Council voted unanimously in favour of strengthened regulations in food and drink establishments to help stop the resurgence of COVID-19. As of October 8, restaurant, bar and other food and drink owners or operators are responsible for:
Start: August 2020
End: On September 30, 2020, City Council voted to extend the temporary bylaw until January 2021
Through a Class Order issued by the Medical Officer of Health, individuals who have COVID-19 who are not hospitalized, who have symptoms and are waiting for test results, or who have had close contact with someone diagnosed with COVID-19 are ordered to self-isolate at home or in an isolation facility. People who have mild or moderate illness must isolate for 10 days after symptoms started, and people who have severe illness or are severely immuno-compromised must isolate for 20 days. Close contacts must isolate for 14 days after their last contact with someone who is diagnosed with COVID-19.
Failure to comply with the order is subject to a fine of up to $5,000 for every day or part of each day on which the offence occurs or continues.
Anyone who is not subject to the Class Order or has not recently returned from travel, is strongly directed to avoid non-essential trips in the community and avoid close contact with others. For more information, read the Class Order fact sheet (also available in Amharic | Arabic | Bengali | Dari | Farsi | French | Gujarati | Pashto | Portuguese | Punjabi | Simplified Chinese | Somali | Spanish | Tamil | Urdu | Vietnamese).
Start: April 2020 (amended November 2020)
End: no set end date
On January 4, 2021, Toronto’s Medical Officer of Health issued a Letter of Instruction to all employers in the City of Toronto permitted to be open under the Reopening Ontario Act. Employers permitted to be open are required to take the additional measures set out in this Letter to reduce the spread of COVID-19.
Effective immediately, all persons responsible for a business or organization in the City of Toronto implement the following measures:
Businesses must ensure the Ontario Ministry of Labour, Training, and Skills Development and/or other relevant government authorities have been notified in accordance with the Occupational Health and Safety Act and other applicable law.
Businesses and community organizations must also follow Government of Ontario and City of Toronto guidelines for their specific setting or sector.
Also see the Class Order for Workplaces Experiencing a COVID-19 Outbreak issued by Toronto’s Medical Officer of Health on March 3, 2021.
Toronto’s Medical Officer of Health issued a Class Order to all workplaces in the City of Toronto that are identified by Toronto Public Health as experiencing an active COVID-19 outbreak, with some exceptions.
Effective Friday, April 23 at 12:01 a.m. all workplaces that are experiencing an active COVID-19 outbreak must comply with the following requirements:
1. This Order applies in addition to the Class Order applying to workplaces issued on March 3, 2021 and the Class Order requiring isolation of certain individuals issued on November 6, 2020 (“Isolation Class Order“). Where a class member is subject to more than one provision under any Class Order issued by the Medical Officer of Health, the provision that is most restrictive applies.
2. Notice under this Order may be provided in any manner likely to come to the attention of an owner or operator or occupier of a workplace, or worker.
3. (a) In addition to notifying Toronto Public Health as soon as they become aware of two or more individuals who test positive for COVID-19 within a 14 calendar-day period in connection with their workplace as required by the Medical Officer of Health’s Letter of Instruction dated January 4, 2021 and revised February 11, 2021, the owner or operator or occupier shall notify Toronto Public Health via the online COVID-19 Workplace Reporting Tool as soon as they become aware of five or more individuals who test positive for COVID-19 within a 14 calendar-day period in connection with their workplace.
(b) When there have been five or more confirmed or probable COVID-19 cases for individuals who have attended a workplace within a 14 calendar-day period, Toronto Public Health may, in its judgment, by notice require:
(c) Based on evidence of transmission other than there having been five or more confirmed or probable COVID-19 cases for individuals who have attended a workplace within a 14 calendar-day period, Toronto Public Health may, in its judgment, by notice require:
(d) The following workplaces may be exempt from the full closure requirements of this section:
4. Owners, operators and occupiers of a workplace that has been fully closed by notice under this Order shall post signage in a form provided by Toronto Public Health, in a conspicuous location at all entrances to the workplace, for the duration of the closure, indicating the workplace is closed.
5. Despite the above, temporary access to a closed workplace is authorized, unless otherwise prohibited by any applicable law, for the purposes of:
(a) performing work at the workplace in order to comply with any applicable law;
(b) allowing for inspections, maintenance and repairs to be carried out at the workplace;
(c) allowing for security services to be provided at the workplace; and
(d) attending at the workplace temporarily,
6. None of the above precludes a business or organization from operating remotely, without workers or other individuals attending at the workplace referred to in this Order.
7. Owners, operators and occupiers of a workplace shall follow all Toronto Public Health instructions pertaining to contact tracing and identifying workers who need to isolate, including ensuring that any instructions as specified by Toronto Public Health are communicated to workers.
8. If a workplace closure, or shift or work area mass dismissal is required in accordance with Section 3, all workers who are identified by Toronto Public Health or who are identified by an owner or operator or occupier of a workplace who is following Toronto Public Health instructions, must self-isolate as follows:
(a) workers covered by the Isolation Class Order, as required by the Isolation Class Order;
(b) asymptomatic workers not covered by the Isolation Class Order, for a minimum period of 10 calendar days.
On March 3, 2021, Toronto’s Medical Officer of Health issued a Class Order to all workplaces in the City of Toronto that are identified by Toronto Public Health as experiencing an active COVID-19 outbreak.
Effective immediately, all workplaces that are experiencing an active COVID-19 outbreak must comply with the following requirements until cleared by Toronto Public Health:
On May 6, 2021, Toronto’s Medical Officer of Health issued a Class Order to education providers to limit in-person attendances of school-aged children.
Under the current Shutdown Zone provisions of Ontario Regulation 82/20, as amended (the “Lockdown Regulation”) under the Reopening Ontario Act, schools and private schools within the meaning of the Education Act are not permitted to provide in-person teaching or instruction, subject to limited exceptions. The intention of the Order is to enhance the Lockdown Regulation by (1) limiting in-person school attendances by school-aged children across all school age educational settings, not just schools within the meaning of the Education Act; and (2) limiting in-person student attendances as much as possible, regardless of whether they qualify as “in-person teaching or instruction”.
Effective May 10, 2021 at 12:01 a.m., education providers must comply with the following requirements:
On April 3, 2021, the Province of Ontario moved Toronto into the Shutdown Zone of the provincial COVID-19 response framework under the Reopening Ontario (A Flexible Response to COVID-19) Act .
The orders, which came into effect at 12:01 a.m. on April 3 include:
Fines for individual organizers of events that violate gathering rules are a minimum of $10,000 and a maximum of $100,000 including one year in jail. Fines for those attending can range from $750 to $100,000 including up to one year in jail. Additional fines for violating provincial orders can range from $750 to $100,000, including up to one year in jail, and up to $10,000,000 for a corporation. Learn more from the Reopening Ontario (A Flexible Response to COVID-19) Act .
Effective March 25, 2020, a Government of Canada order under the federal Quarantine Act requires all travellers entering Canada to self-quarantine for 14 days. More information is available on the Government of Canada’s Coronavirus disease (COVID-19): Travel restrictions, exemptions and advice web page.
In some cases, people who must quarantine under the federal order may also be subject to the Class Order issued by Toronto’s Medical Officer of Health (for example, people who are diagnosed with COVID-19 and have also recently returned from travel).
Compliance with the Province of Ontario orders and regulations under the Reopening Ontario (A Flexible Response to COVID-19) Act and City of Toronto bylaws, including restrictions on gathering size, mandatory masks or face coverings and physical distancing, is crucial to stopping the spread of COVID-19. The City’s COVID-19 enforcement team is responsible for ensuring compliance with public health regulations. The team is a joint effort by Municipal Licensing & Standards, Parks, Forestry & Recreation, Toronto Public Health and Toronto Police Service.
Enforcement officers are on patrol across the city at all times and respond to complaints made through 311. Enforcing laws, regardless of the context, is a complicated and complex process. Enforcement requires investigation, the gathering of facts, and the application of often-complicated legal processes.
This data provides information based on enforcement activities for the bylaws and orders related to COVID-19. This document will be updated weekly, every Tuesday by 3 p.m.
Please note, data will be reconciled at the end of each month which may result in adjustments to the previously reported weekly figures.
Achieving compliance with public health-related orders and regulations has been a priority for the City of Toronto as it continues to respond to the COVID-19 pandemic. Enforcing bylaws is a necessarily complex process that requires investigation, gathering facts and applying legal processes. On a case-by-case basis, the enforcement team works to achieve compliance through education and/or enforcement action. The City recognizes that the public have been asked to significantly adjust their behaviours as requirements and orders have changed throughout the COVID-19 response.
If you feel that you were wrongly ticketed, you have the option of requesting an early resolution meeting with a prosecutor and challenging it in court. You can do this by:
All of the required Provincial Offences Act court forms are available on the City’s website. Completed forms can be emailed to POACourt@toronto.ca or mailed to the address indicated on the back of the ticket.
Once the trial date is scheduled, you will receive a notice by mail of the time and place for your trial. The Court will conduct a trial to decide whether you committed the offence that gave rise to the ticket being issued.
The Class Order issued by the Medical Officer of Health on April 7, 2021, ended on Sunday, April 18, 2021. On April 12, 2021, the Government of Ontario, in consultation with the Chief Medical Officer of Health, made the decision to move elementary and secondary schools to remote learning.
The Class Order issued by the Medical Officer of Health on November 13, 2020, under section 22 of the Health Protection and Promotion Act, was revoked on November 23, 2020, as the provisions in that order are covered by the Stage 1 (Grey-Lockdown) provincial regulations currently in effect.