TB and HIV Co-Infection TB is less common in Canada but it is the leading cause of death among people who are HIV positive worldwide. People infected with HIV are at a much higher risk to become sick with TB.
TB is a disease caused by TB germs (bacteria) called mycobacterium tuberculosis. TB is usually found in the lungs but can affect any part of the body. TB is spread from person to person through the air. It can spread when someone sick with TB in the lungs coughs or sneezes.
You cannot get TB very easily. Close, prolonged or regular contact with someone who is sick with TB disease is needed to spread this germ. Latent TB infection may become TB disease
Most people who breathe in TB germs are able to stop them from growing. The body’s immune system traps the TB germs and keeps them inactive. This is called latent TB infection and these people:Do
TB germs become active and grow when the body’s immune system cannot stop the germs from growing.People with TB disease can be cured by taking TB
People with TB disease can be cured by taking TB antibiotics. Symptoms of TB disease include:
Human Immunodeficiency Virus is an infection that can make a person’s immune system weak. The later stage of HIV is called Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS). HIV can be spread from person to person by four main ways:
TB is less common in Canada but it is the leading cause of death among people who are HIV positive worldwide.People infected with HIV are at a much higher risk to become sick with TB.
You should always inform your healthcare providers of your HIV status. If you are HIV positive, get tested for TB. If you have TB infection or TB disease, get tested for HIV.
TB medications work well to prevent and cure TB for people living with HIV. TB and HIV medication can be taken at the same time. All TB medication is free through Toronto Public Health.