Individuals who live in rooming houses are often vulnerable and may include households with low incomes, seniors on fixed incomes, newcomers to the city and students. As the city grows, development is placing pressure on the stock of existing dwelling rooms.
The City of Toronto’s Official Plan rental replacement policies and Municipal Code By-law for Rental Demolition and Conversion do not provide the ability to address the loss of rental housing that is in the form of dwelling rooms. In recent years, there has been an increase in the number of dwelling rooms that are being lost due to redevelopment.
In response to these pressures, the Planning and Growth Management Committee asked City Planning to report on a policy framework that protects dwelling rooms similar to policies in the Official Plan that provide for the protection of rental units.
At its meeting of June 18, 2019, City Council approved Official Plan Amendment 453 which contains new policies to:
The policies would require the same amount of dwelling room gross floor area to be replaced in the new development as rental housing and assistance provided to displaced tenants.
Typical asking rents at the end of 2018 for shared housing such as dwelling rooms were approximately $799/month. This asking rent was determined through an analysis of units and rooms listed publicly for rent. By comparison, the Average Market Rents (AMRs) for Toronto at that time were $1,089 for a bachelor apartment and $1,270 for a one-bedroom apartment.
The draft policies to address the loss of dwelling rooms are also contained within the TOcore: Planning Toronto’s Downtown which was adopted with amendments by Planning and Growth Management Committee at their meeting of May 1, 2018 and by City Council at its meeting of May 22, 23, 24 and 25, 2018.