If you are bitten or scratched by an animal, follow these steps:

  1. If possible, collect animal owner / custodian information (name, address, and phone number).
  2. Immediately wash the bite or wound with soap and water for at least 15 minutes.
  3. Apply an antiseptic to the wound.
  4. Seek medical attention from a healthcare provider to assess your risk and discuss treatment options.

Treatment to prevent rabies, if necessary, is most effective if started promptly after the exposure. The need for rabies treatment is assessed by your healthcare provider and will depend on:

  • The type of animal involved
  • Where the exposure occurred (e.g. location in Toronto or while travelling to another country)
  • The reason for exposure (e.g. if it was provoked, such as feeding a wild animal, or an unprovoked attack)
  • Whether the animal is a domestic pet whose health and rabies vaccination status can be determined

For more information on rabies treatment, see theĀ Rabies Vaccine and Immune Globulin Fact Sheet.

Provide your name, address and phone number to the person who was bitten or scratched. This may help them to avoid potentially unnecessary medical treatment. This also helps Toronto Public Health communicate with and support the person bitten / scratched and the animal owner / custodian.

If a person is bitten or scratched, Toronto Public Health will, depending on the case:

  • Assist healthcare providers assess the level of risk associated with an exposure
  • Provide rabies vaccine to healthcare providers upon request
  • Confine domestic animals (dogs, cats and ferrets) for a 10-day period to observe if they develop rabies*
  • Confine livestock animals (e.g. horse) for a 14-day period to observe if they develop rabies*
  • Arrange for wild animals to be euthanized for rabies testing

*Animal owners know their animals the best. Toronto Public Health prefers if animals are confined with their owner / custodian to observe for changes in their pets’ health.