An AEFI is any event or reaction that occurs after receiving a vaccine. A causal relationship does not need to be proven before reporting. Of particular interest are those of a serious nature, requiring urgent medical attention or are unusual or unexpected events.
Report an AEFI when:
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|What to report|
|Patient||unique identifier, date of birth and sex|
|Immunization event(s)||province/territory where given, date, all vaccines given including name, manufacturer, lot number, administration site and route, as well as the number in series of vaccine doses if relevant|
|Adverse event(s)||description, including time of first onset following immunization, duration, health care utilization, treatment and outcome|
|Relevant medical history||underlying disease, known allergies, prior AEFI|
|Associated event(s)||acute illness, current medication, injury, exposure to environmental toxins|
See the Ministry parent information sheet on vaccine safety, June 2016
To ensure the safety of vaccines, a surveillance system is set up to monitor adverse events and unusual occurrences. All adverse events investigated by Toronto Public Health are forwarded to the province, then to Public Health Agency of Canada. Adverse events are also compared internationally. Companies that produce vaccines do not help with investigations of AEFIs, but they are aware of reports for the safety of their products.