All residential property owners in Toronto will be required to submit a declaration of their property’s occupancy status for the previous year. The deadline to declare a property’s 2022 occupancy status is February 2, 2023. The online declaration portal will open in mid-December 2022.

 

An annual tax will be levied on vacant Toronto residences, payable beginning in 2023.

A property is considered vacant if it has been unoccupied for more than six months during the previous calendar year or is otherwise deemed to be vacant under the bylaw.

The goal of the City of Toronto’s Vacant Home Tax (VHT) is to increase the supply of housing by discouraging owners from leaving their residential properties unoccupied. Homeowners who choose to keep their properties vacant will be subject to this tax.

Revenues collected from the Vacant Home Tax will be allocated towards affordable housing initiatives.

Mandatory Declaration of Occupancy Status

All residential property owners in Toronto will be required to declare the status of their property(s) annually, even if they live there. Declarations must be made by the homeowner or someone acting on behalf of the owner. The declaration will determine whether the Vacant Home Tax applies and is payable.

Principal residences may be left unoccupied for periods of up to a total of six months throughout the taxation year without being subject to the tax.

Vacant Home Tax Calculation

A Vacant Home Tax of one percent of the Current Value Assessment (CVA) will be imposed on all Toronto residences that are declared, deemed or determined vacant for more than six months during the previous year. For example, if the CVA of your property is $1,000,000, the tax amount billed would be $10,000 (1% x $1,000,000).

The tax is based on the property’s occupancy status for the previous year. For example, if the home is vacant in 2022 the tax will become payable in 2023.

How to Declare

To make a declaration you will need your 21-digit assessment roll number and customer number from your tax bill or property tax account statement.

Declarations of occupancy status should be made through the City’s secure online declaration portal that will open in mid-December 2022. If required, homeowners can receive a paper declaration form by contacting 311. The paper form must be completed in full and received by the City of Toronto before the deadline to avoid being issued a fine and having your property deemed vacant. Incomplete forms will not be accepted. Please be aware of Canada Post delivery times.

For residential properties that are occupied, but not by the homeowner(s), owners will be required to submit information about tenants and/or permitted occupants when making the declaration.

For residential properties declared as vacant for six months or more during the taxation year and without an eligible exemption, owners will be required to pay the Vacant Home Tax.

Owners of properties subject to the tax will be issued a Vacant Home Tax Notice in March/April and payment will be due on May 1.

Residential properties will be deemed vacant if the owner fails to make the annual declaration by the deadline and/or provide supporting documentation.

If there is an error in the declaration you submitted, you can:

  • submit a new declaration prior to the February 2 declaration deadline
  • file a Notice of Complaint if it’s after the declaration deadline

Failure to declare or making a false declaration may result in a fine of $250 to $10,000.

Property Status Declaration Description Subject to Vacant Home Tax?
Occupied as principal residence of homeowner As the homeowner, you occupy the residential property for six months or more throughout the taxation year. You may only have one principal residence. No
Occupied as principal residence of a permitted occupant A person(s) that is authorized by the registered owner to occupy a residential property as their principal residence for six months or more throughout the taxation year. A permitted occupant is not a tenant or subtenant. A permitted occupant may include but is not limited to a family member or a friend of the registered owner. No
Occupied as a tenanted property A property that is occupied by a person(s) that has a written tenancy agreement for a term of at least 30 days to occupy the residential property as their principal residence. The property must be occupied by one or more tenants for six months or more throughout the year. No
Vacant with an eligible exemption A residential owner may declare the property vacant with an eligible exemption. Please see the Exemptions section for further details. No
Vacant or deemed/determined vacant A property can be “declared” vacant by the homeowner through their property status declaration. A property will be “deemed” vacant if the owner fails to make a property status declaration. A property that has been selected for audit, or on review for a Notice of Complaint or appeal can be “determined” to be vacant upon completion of the review. Yes

 

A property may be left vacant and be exempt from the Vacant Home Tax if one of the following criteria is met:

Eligible Exemption Description Supporting Documentation 
Death of a registered owner The property was vacant for six months of more in the previous year due to the death of an owner. Copy of death certificate.
Repairs or renovations The vacant property is undergoing repairs or renovations, and all the following conditions have been met:

a) occupation and normal use of the vacant property is prevented by the repairs and renovations;
b) all necessary permits have been issued for the repairs and renovations;
c) the City’s Chief Building Official is of the opinion that the repairs or renovations are being actively carried out without unnecessary delay.

Description of the type of project preventing occupancy.

Copy of building permits issued related to the repairs and renovations.

Principal resident is in care The principal resident of the vacant property is in a hospital, long term or supportive care facility for up to six months during the taxation year. This exemption may be claimed for up to two consecutive taxation years. Signed letter from health care facility on letterhead.
Transfer of legal ownership You purchased your property in the previous year, and the sale involved a 100 per cent transfer of an interest in the property to an unrelated individual or corporation. This excludes name changes, adding a second owner and removing a second owner. Copy of land transfer deed.
Occupancy for full-time employment The vacant property is required for occupation for employment purposes for a total of at least six months in the taxation year, by its owner who has a principal residence outside of the Greater Toronto Area. Proof of residency outside of Greater Toronto Area.

Signed letter from employer on company letterhead or employment contract.

Court order There is a court order in force which prohibits occupancy of the vacant property for at least six months of the taxation year. Copy of court order.

To ensure your payment reaches the City on or before the due date, we suggest making your payment electronically through MyToronto Pay or through your financial institution’s online banking portal.

MyToronto Pay

MyToronto Pay is a new service from the City of Toronto in collaboration with our trusted partner PayIt. Using MyToronto Pay, Vacant Home Tax payments can be made by electronic funds transfer with no convenience fee, or by credit card or debit card with a convenience fee charged by the company.

Financial Institutions

You can pay the Vacant Home Tax at banks or financial institutions through online banking, telephone banking, at an automated teller machine (ATM) or in-person.

To register and pay through online banking:

  • You will need your 21-digit assessment roll number from your Vacant Home Tax Notice.
  • Sign in to your financial institution’s secure website and select the relevant payee listing:
Name of Financial Institution Payee Listing for Vacant Home Tax
BMO (Bank of Montreal) Toronto, City of, Taxes
CIBC (Canadian Imperial Bank of Commerce) Toronto Tax
National Bank City of Toronto Taxes
RBC (Royal Bank of Canada) Toronto City of – Taxes
Scotiabank Toronto (City) Property Tax
TD Canada Trust Toronto Tax

 

If your bank is not listed, please contact your financial institution for information.

Payee information is subject to change without notice. If you require assistance, please contact your bank or financial institution.

Mail-In Payment

The City accepts post-dated cheques payable to the Treasurer, City of Toronto:

Treasurer, City of Toronto
Box 5000
Toronto, ON M2N 5V1

The Vacant Home Tax has implications for property transactions, both for purchasers and vendors:

  • It is the responsibility of purchasers and vendors to make the appropriate arrangements to ensure that the declaration has been filed.
  • The Vacant Home Tax will form a lien on the property, and any unpaid taxes will become the purchaser’s responsibility.
  • If a closing occurs between January 1 and the closing of the declaration period on February 2, the vendor must complete the declaration prior to the closing, as only the vendor will know the property’s occupancy status for the prior year.
  • If a closing occurs after the declaration period – February 3 to December 31 – the purchaser must submit a declaration in the following year. The purchaser qualifies for the “transfer of legal ownership” exemption.
  • Vendors should provide a copy of the completed and filed property status declaration to the purchaser.
  • Vendors should provide a statutory declaration at closing confirming the filed property status declaration is true and correct.

A property status declaration may be selected for audit on a random or specific criteria basis. If selected for audit, the City will require the owner to provide information and evidence to substantiate their claim of occupancy of a residential property or any exemption.

Supporting Documentation

You may be required to submit supporting documentation or evidence with your declaration, or if your property status declaration is audited. This may include but is not limited to copies, including certified copies, of:

  • Ontario vehicle registration and vehicle insurance documentation of any occupant and owner.
  • Government-issued personal identification, including driver’s license and Ontario Identity Card of any occupant and owner.
  • Proof of Ontario Health coverage or valid Health card of any occupant and owner.
  • Income tax returns and income tax notices of assessment of any occupant and owner.
  • Lease agreements for the residential property.
  • Wills, grants of probate, or grants of administration in respect of an owner or an owner’s estate.
  • Employment contracts, pay statements or records of employment of any occupant and owner.
  • Verification of residence in hospital, long-term or supportive care facility in respect of an owner.
  • Court orders prohibiting the rental of the residential property.
  • Insurance certificates for homeowner’s or tenant’s insurance.
  • Statutory declarations or affidavits regarding the occupancy of the residential property and any exemption.

All records and documents pertaining to the occupation of the residential property or any exemption claimed must be retained for a period of three years.

If you disagree with the Vacancy Tax Notice or Supplementary Assessment, you may file a Notice of Complaint to have the City review your property’s status. Your complaint must be received within the following time frames:

  • Vacancy Tax Notice: On or before the 10th business day of April in the year following the date that payment was due.
  • Supplementary Notice: Within 90 days of the date on your Supplementary Notice.

Your Notice of Complaint can be submitted through the online portal and must include:

  • Assessment roll number and customer number.
  • Complainant’s full name and contact details (telephone number or email).
  • If you are a complainant acting on behalf of the owner, include information regarding your relationship to the owner and your authority to act on their behalf.
  • Reason(s) for the complaint and why the residential property should not be subject to the tax.
  • Supporting documentation and evidence to substantiate the reason(s) for the complaint.

You may be asked to provide additional information or documentation in relation to your complaint. Failure to provide the additional information will result in your complaint not being considered. Once all required information and evidence is received, the City will provide a response in writing within 30 days from the date the determination is made.

If you disagree with the decision made on your Notice of Complaint, you will have 90 days to submit an appeal request. An appeal is limited to the same issues raised in your initial complaint unless the outcome of your complaint resulted in a reassessment or varied assessment.

Your Appeal can be submitted through the online portal and must include:

  • Assessment roll number and customer number.
  • Requestor’s full name and contact details (telephone number and/or e-mail address).
  • If you are acting on behalf of owner, include information regarding your relationship to the owner and your authority to act on their behalf.
  • Statement of the grounds on which the appeal is based and why the residential property should not be subject to the tax on the grounds of the appeal.
  • Supplementary information and evidence to substantiate the grounds for the appeal.

Upon receipt of your appeal request, your submission will be reviewed within 90 days by the Appellate Authority. The Appellate Authority will make a determination to allow or dismiss the appeal in whole or in part.

Following the determination the City will vacate, vary or reconsider the assessment within 30 days. The appeal decision is final.

The by-law includes provisions for penalties for failure to pay and fines for various offences.

Late Payment, Interest Charges & Fees

Interest applies to any overdue Vacant Home Tax amount at a rate of 1.25 per cent on the first day of default and on the first day of each month thereafter, for as long as taxes or charges remain unpaid.

Upon default of payment, the unpaid amount will be added to the property tax roll for the residential property and will be collected in the same manner as property taxes.

A Dishonoured Cheque Processing / Non-Sufficient Funds (NSF) fee will be applied to all payments that are not honoured by a financial institution.

Late Declarations

If your property status declaration is not made by the declaration deadline of February 2, 2023, a fine of $250 will be issued.

You will have an opportunity to submit a late declaration and based on your response, you may receive a supplementary Vacant Home Tax Notice.

Failure to make a declaration will result in your property being deemed vacant. Once deemed vacant, your property will be subject to the tax and you will be issued a Vacancy Tax Notice.

Fines

Being found guilty of breaking any of the following offences will result in a fine of $250 to $10,000 for each offence, including:

  • Failure to make a Declaration as required.
  • Making or agreeing in the making of false or deceptive statements in a declaration.
  • Altering, hiding or disposing of any records, in order to evade payment or remittance of tax.
  • Making or agreeing in the making of false entries or omission of information.
  • Wilfully, in any manner, evading or attempting to evade:
    • paying tax
    • otherwise complying with the by-law.

In 2019, City Council asked for information related to the possible implementation of a vacant home tax in Toronto. At their December 2020 meeting, City Council asked City staff to develop key tax design features and administrative structures to support a vacant home tax program and to report back with a recommended design for a vacant home tax by the end of the second quarter of 2021, for tax implementation in 2022.

At its meeting on July 14-15, 2021, City Council approved the development and implementation of a vacant home tax in Toronto. At its meeting on December 15, 16 and 17, 2021, City Council amended the City of Toronto Municipal Code, adding Chapter 778, Taxation, Vacant Home Tax.