Toronto is a city of Main Streets, each neighbourhood unique and storied. But there’s a connectivity to the city’s enclaves. The small businesses lining these Main Streets make the city more livable, more vibrant and more diverse. They are the city’s beating heart.

The City of Toronto’s Main Street Recovery and Rebuild Initiative supports the economic recovery and long-term success of these Main Street businesses through a series of seven programs funded with an $18-million Government of Canada investment through the Federal Economic Development Agency for Southern Ontario. From public space-making and neighbourhood programming to commercial rehabilitation and digital training, each program approaches recovery from a different angle and with a common goal – revitalizing the city’s economic, social and cultural heart.

Discover some small business success stories below and learn how the grants, training and resources are impacting Toronto’s Main Streets.

Program: plazaPOPS
Recipient: 2022 plazaPOPS Installations
Total Funding Allocated: $1 million

In a Thistletown parking lot, a block from where Toronto’s Albion Road and Islington Avenue intersect, a gathering place called ThistlePOPS materialized in the summer of 2022.

Woman sits at a picnic table set inside bus sculpture
Photograph by Cameron Bartlett
Created in partnership with the Rexdale Community Hub and plazaPOPS – which designs pop-up gathering places in Privately-Owned Public Spaces (POPS) – the strip mall micro-park was blanketed with murals. Pollinators and native grasses sprouted from planters between benches and hemmed in a small stage fitted with scaffolding and lights. A picnic table shaped like a Tuk Tuk – the three-wheeled auto rickshaw commonplace in Southeast Asia – invited visitors to stay awhile. Every carefully-considered element told a story of the neighbourhood and community.


They all represented business owner stories and where they came from. The space really emulated that feeling of being able to do anything and everything in the area and it represented the diverse neighbourhood.
– Vinita Kalia, coordinator with the Albion Islington Square Business Improvement Area (BIA)

Signage in planter showing a map of Toronto and reads Where are you visiting from? Put a dot where you live
Photograph by Cameron Bartlett

ThistlePOPS was one of four pop-up installations within the Albion Islington Square BIA, each celebrating a different aspect of the neighbourhood and giving the community a spot to gather. Over the course of its installation (which ran from July to late October 2022, ThistlePOPS hosted community programming including the Summer of Joy launch event, the Summer of Innovation back-to-school event, and weekly barbeques, concerts and art classes.

PlazaPOPS plans to install up to 15 pop-up spaces throughout Scarborough, Etobicoke, North York and other areas of Toronto with strip mall plazas by 2024.

Stage set outdoors with mats and bus sculpture
Photograph by Cameron Bartlett

“The program is really focusing on this idea of the overlap between community and economic development… it’s possible to do both at once,” explains Daniel Rotsztain, co-lead of PlazaPOPS. “We’re exploring how the business community can become a major partner in not just the economic viability and success of a neighbourhood, but also public life and social capital development.”

The plazaPOPS team says the impact extends beyond just creating beautiful spaces – the project has the ability to rewire the way community organizations work together.

Program: Little Jamaica – Eglinton West
Recipient: Black Business and Professional Association (BBPA)
Total Funding Allocated: $1 million

In July 2021, the Government of Canada, through the FedDev Ontario Program announced a $1-million investment, over three years, to assist with the revitalization of Little Jamaica. Yet it is a Toronto neighbourhood whose businesses have risked closures due to historical area disinvestment, the impacts of COVID-19 and the Eglinton LRT construction. Funds were provided to the Black Business and Professional Association (BBPA) through a partnership with the City of Toronto and are being used to deliver programs and initiatives to support Black-owned and operated businesses within the Little Jamaica boundaries.

Funding provided by our partners has made a substantial difference in sustaining the Black Businesses in the area. Our areas of focus have been implementing social media, websites, sharing best practices around online stores and online delivery apps, supporting businesses applying for COVID-19 grants to offset rent, energy rebates and developing business plans.
– Michele-Ann Halsall, BBPA Program Manager

The BBPA has opened an office in Little Jamaica, allowing them to effectively deliver programs that address equity and opportunity for the Black community in business, education, employment and economic development.

“Business owners feel comfortable and grateful to be able to stop by our new office with requests, support, questions, assistance with forms, etc.,” says Halsall.

Two people stand in front of a road-side booth
2022 Sinting Fest on Eglinton West. Photograph by Barry Roden.
Group of people crossing an intersection carrying garbage bags and tools
Clean Up Sinting Community Event on May 23, 2022. Photograph by Mark Thompson.
With the BBPA’s and City of Toronto’s current momentum, Black-owned businesses are receiving the tools needed to recover and sustain themselves in the long term, ultimately helping to preserve the historic and cultural significance of the Little Jamaica neighbourhood in Toronto.

Program: Main Street Innovation Fund
Recipient: Scarborough Arts
Total Funding Awarded: $50,000

To Ali Dbouk, owner of Ghadir Meats & Restaurant in Scarborough, food and storytelling are inseparable. The dishes he serves are a direct link between the community of regulars and visitors to his Scarborough restaurant and the Lebanon he emigrated from in the early 1990s to start anew in Toronto. “We cook the same as we do back home: barbecued and charcoal,” says Dbouk. “Even the olive oil is shipped from back home.” All of it – the quality meats in the locker and Middle Eastern groceries lining the shelves of the pantry, the hand-selected fish and freshly-made meals – are part of Dbouk’s story, a small piece of his homeland he brought with him when he chose the Scarborough neighbourhood of Wexford Heights as his new home.

Two people smiling and holding restaurant food towards camera
Photograph by Cameron Bartlett.

There’s no question Ghadir Meats & Restaurant has established itself as an institution since it opened its doors in 1991. But the spirit of his story isn’t unique. Spin yourself in a circle at the corner of Pharmacy Ave. and Lawrence Ave. and walk in any direction and you’ll quickly find a similar tale of culinary diaspora. Wexford Heights is a microcosm of Scarborough as a whole – the whole city, really.

This city is built on stories in the form of cuisine. This is exactly what Scarborough Arts was trying to capture when it teamed up with Eat More Scarborough Food Tours, a food tour company, to launch the Culinary Everywhere! Tour Guide Training Program.

Scarborough Arts and Eat More Scarborough worked with partners including East End Arts, Greektown on the Danforth BIA, Wexford Heights BIA, the Culinaria Research Centre at the University of Toronto Scarborough and Feed Scarborough, to develop the Culinary Everywhere! Tour Guide Training Program. Howard Tam and his team at Eat More Scarborough developed training modules for tour guides. “We were able to train 10 local tour guides,” says Derek Spooner, Executive Director at Scarborough Arts. “With the partners, the tour guides were able to develop unique walking tours for various neighbourhoods.” Culinary Everywhere! brought five unique tours to Toronto’s East End and supported 20 local restaurants.

Ghadir Meats & Restaurant was the muster point and first stop for The Art of Spice Food Tour – an exploration of the flavours of the Spice Route, one of five tours produced by Culinary Everywhere! trained guides.

Like Dbouk, Tam has always been drawn to the connection between food and story.

It’s a gateway to a discussion about things like culture, diversity, history and heritage, good and bad. The story of humanity is embedded in the food itself.
– Howard Tam, Foodie-in-Chief of Eat More Scarborough

A small group of people standing in a group on the sidewalk
Photograph by Cameron Bartlett.
This is why culinary experiences like this benefit from properly trained guides. “There’s a huge ethical component to this too,” says Spooner. “ You don’t want the food tours to actually become a problem for communities. They instead need to enhance and elevate them”. Everything from the environmental impact of the tour to understanding the cultural nuances of the businesses they’re visiting was examined in the training. “That’s something we were trying to teach the tour guides… let’s be responsible and ethical about this.”

Spooner says the Main Street Innovation Fund enabled them to properly invest in the curriculum and help trainees develop tours that have an additive effect on the community. But Culinary Everywhere! Is proving to be a bigger concept than they initially imagined. “This could be a sustainable model, not only for us but one we could share as a resource for other organizations and cities as well,” he says. “I think we really can help animate and contribute to local cultural tourism (especially) outside the downtown core.”

Group of people at a long restaurant table with a two people holding their phones out over their plates of food
Photograph by Cameron Bartlett.

Program: Commercial Space Rehabilitation Grant Program
Recipient: Berkeley Castle Investments
Total Funding Awarded: $20,000

Community groups, like community itself, are meant to be fluid, to change shape and evolve with their community’s needs. But they also must be present and rooted. For Jamii, a charitable arts organization focused on programming for The Esplanade neighbourhood, fluidity has never been an issue.

Since 2011, Jamii has programmed more than 200 events and 400 workshops almost entirely in public places, specifically, David Crombie Park, a stretch of green space parallel to The Esplanade from Jarvis Street to Parliament Street. “It’s at the heart of the community,” says Isorine Marc, Founder of Jamii. “It’s a vibrant place that makes it possible for people to come and create and spend time to get to know their neighbours.” The programming has always morphed to the needs of the community.

Two people look up at wall of artworks
Photograph by Cameron Bartlett.

However, Marc has always envisioned a sense of rootedness as well, a space for the public to collect that wouldn’t be at the whim of the weather. Something accessible and flexible, something that didn’t exist, a space that would allow Jamii to engage the community in new ways. And in January 2023, she got an opportunity to do just that – finding space in Berkeley Castle, a defining historical landmark for The Esplanade neighbourhood.

Linda Leistner, owner and property manager for Berkeley Castle Investments, had recently applied for and received the Commercial Space Rehabilitation Grant. The program offers to match funding of 50 per cent for commercial business operators and owners to undertake interior improvements of storefronts that are vacant (or at risk of becoming vacant), helping them re-lease space impacted by COVID-19.

It hadn’t been renovated in about 20 years. We gutted it, upgraded the lighting, painted, and put in new flooring, which was great because then it meant that a tenant like Jamii could then afford to move in because they didn’t have to do a lot of leaseholds.
– Linda Leistner, owner and property manager for Berkeley Castle Investments

Leistner, who’s volunteered with Jamii for several years, knew Marc saw it as her dream space. But the cost to renovate had always made it out of reach for the arts charity. Using the Commercial Space Rehabilitation Grant, Leistner was able to recuperate $20,000 of the $40,000 spent to renovate and create an opportunity for Jamii.

Two people stand facing the camera and between them an artwork attached to a vertical wooden beam
Photograph by Cameron Bartlett.
For Leistner, it’s a dream as well. A year ago, she had an underutilized space and a list of much-needed upgrades. So to see the space filled with an organization like Jamii, which she believes so strongly in, feels right. “This building has been there as part of the history of the community,” says Leistner. “Now it’s even more open to the community – we were able to do (that) with our grant.”

Program: CaféTO Property Improvement Program
Recipient: Decò Italian Restaurant and Wine Bar
Total Funding Allocated: $5,000

Smiling bartender pours a glass of red wine
Photograph by Cameron Bartlett.

For Decò Italian Restaurant and Wine Bar, setting up a beautiful outdoor space through the City of Toronto’s CaféTO Program helped bring new customers to its space in the Junction neighbourhood.

“Having a huge patio gave us so much exposure (and) don’t forget, I’m on Dundas Street, so there are restaurants everywhere,” says Alessia De Conti Vacca, owner of Decò. “Lots of people came in and said they hadn’t seen us before.” Vacca says she knew it was a good opportunity when the program launched, as it allowed restaurants to capture lost revenue and gave people the extra space to gather.

With so many businesses participating, Vacca wanted to create a space that truly embodied the spirit of Decò, something that would stand out and be inviting and green and make people feel like they were elsewhere, if only for a moment. So they built a new and improved patio in 2022 with the help of the CaféTO Property Improvement Program.  

“It costs a lot if you want to do it right,” says Vacca. “We had planters so I had to buy the soil and the plants and do all that – it’s a big job, it took me a full day of work outside.” 

But Decò got some relief on the funding side, receiving a grant through the program covered 50 per cent of the expenses up to a maximum of $7,500. Even with the grant, it was an expensive undertaking, admits Vacca. “But it’s worth it for sure.”

Decò was one of 65 operators across Toronto approved for funding under the CaféTO Property Improvement Program to improve their outdoor patio spaces in 2022. As the summer approaches, Vacca says she’s already applied to have the patio again. “My customers want it.”

Vacca says there’s no question the patios do a lot for the neighbourhood and having a grant program to support them makes sense. 

It allows the whole neighbourhood to look good… it increases walking traffic and maybe takes some cars off the streets. It promotes the beauty of the city.
Alessia De Conti Vacca, owner of Decò Italian Restaurant and Wine Bar

Exterior view of a curblane patio decorated with white lights
Decò’s outdoor patio in 2022. Photograph by Barry Roden.

For more information and how to apply, see Toronto Main Street Recovery and Rebuild Initiative.

Logo of Government of Canada and words in English and repeated in French Funded by Federal Economic Development Agency for Southern Ontario