Agencies serving the Indigenous community in Toronto estimate that there are 70,000 residents from this community.
Indigenous identity refers to those persons who reported identifying with at least one Indigenous group (North American Indian, Métis or Inuit), or those who reported being a Treaty Indian or a Registered Indian as defined by the Indian Act of Canada, or those who reported they were members of an Indian band or First Nation.
Census counts for Indigenous identity include persons living in private households only. Individuals who lived in collective residences, institutions or were homeless at the time of the enumeration are not reflected. The number of urban Indigenous persons reported by the Census has historically been sharply lower than estimates from agencies serving this community.
Note: Agencies serving the Indigenous community in Toronto estimate that there are 70,000 residents who belong to this community.
According to Canada’s 2016 Census Metropolitan Area statistics, the Indigenous population in Toronto went from 36,995 to 46,315, an increase of 25 per cent.
However, other research has shown that Indigenous peoples are undercounted by the national census. The census often relies on a fixed address and many Indigenous peoples move frequently or are homeless. There is also a reluctance among Indigenous peoples to fill out censuses.
In the Our Health Counts Study (2016), the largest urban Indigenous population health study in Canada, where Indigenous organizations owned and controlled the data, the total Indigenous population in Toronto was 69,000. Our Health Counts also reported that over 90 per cent of Toronto’s Indigenous population lives below the (before tax) low income cut-off.
One in five Indigenous people in Canada live in Ontario.
Indigenous people in Canada number 1.4 million.