Updated April 2, 2020

Note: This situation is continuously evolving; please subscribe to the Communiqué e-newsletter to receive regular updates.

On December 31, 2019, cases of undiagnosed viral pneumonia were first reported by health authorities in Wuhan, China. The cause has now been confirmed as a new coronavirus, known as COVID-19, which has not previously been identified in humans.

Coronaviruses are a large family of viruses that circulate in animals including humans. Human coronaviruses are common and can cause illness ranging from the common cold, to more severe diseases such as Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (SARS CoV) and Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (MERS CoV).

The most common  signs and symptoms are:

  • fever
  • cough
  • shortness of breath
  • muscle ache

The risk to Toronto residents remains low. Toronto Public Health continues to actively monitor the situation in collaboration with provincial and national health agencies, and stakeholders that include local hospitals, airports and community agencies.

Up to date information regarding:

For more information about testing, see the Public Health Ontario Laboratory testing guidelines for COVID-19.

There is no vaccine that protects against coronaviruses.

There are no specific treatments for coronaviruses. Most people with common human coronavirus illness will recover on their own.

Any Confirmed Case, Probable Case or Person under Investigation for COVID-19 must be immediately reported to Toronto Public Health by telephone at 416-392-7411 (after hours: 311), or by faxing TPH’s Reportable Disease Notification Form to 416-392-0047 (only available Mon- Fri, 8:30 a.m. – 4:30 p.m.).

Guidance Documents

Ministry of Health Novel Coronavirus (COVID-19) Guidance for:

Infection Prevention and Control (IPAC)


Surveillance and Epidemiology