News Release
January 14, 2022

The City of Toronto is asking residents not to feed wildlife after receiving numerous reports that people have been leaving food out in Colonel Samuel Smith Park. The park is located in South Etobicoke along Lake Ontario and is home to numerous wildlife.

Feeding coyotes and wild animals increases their presence and causes them to lose their fear of people, creating problems for both the wildlife and our neighbourhoods.

In 2021, the City received more than 3,600 reports about coyote sightings in Toronto. Most interactions with coyotes were the result of a nearby, regular food source, primarily intentional feeding by people. To minimize negative encounters with coyotes, residents should remember the following:

  • Never feed coyotes and don’t leave food, including pet food, outside.
  • Properly dispose of waste at home and in parks.
  • When encountering a coyote, do not run, but make noise to scare the coyote away.
  • Do not approach coyotes, their dens or their young.
  • Do not touch coyotes, even if they appear tame, sick or injured.

Coyotes are a natural part of the urban landscape in Toronto and an important part of the ecosystem, as they control rodent and rabbit populations. It is normal to see coyotes during winter, particularly near parks and ravines, as they are not hidden by foliage. Coyote mating season also falls during January and February, leading to coyotes being more active and visible.

If you encounter a coyote, these are the steps you can take to protect yourself and your pets:

  • Do not run: Avoid turning your back, maintain eye contact and slowly back away.
  • Be big: Make yourself appear as large, imposing or as threatening as you can. For example, raise your arms in the air or wave your jacket.
  • Be loud: Making loud sounds or noises can help to scare a coyote away. For example, blow a whistle or air horn (if available), stomp your feet, clap your hands, snap open a large plastic or garbage bag, yell “go away coyote” to alert people nearby.
  • Be assertive: Display behaviour to scare the coyote away. For example, swing a walking stick or cane (if available), shine a flashlight on the coyote, throw a tennis ball or a small pebble or stick in the direction of the coyote to scare it away.

Coyotes generally do not pose a danger to people but can pose a danger to pets; it is not uncommon for coyotes to injure or kill cats and small dogs. Residents living near green spaces, ravines and other areas where coyotes exist, should always supervise their pets. Cats should be kept indoors, and dogs should only be allowed off-leash in designated dog-off-leash areas. Stay close to your dog and ensure they respond well to voice commands.

The City has a coyote response strategy that includes public education, bylaws that prohibit the feeding of wildlife, and criteria for the removal of coyotes, if necessary. To educate residents about urban coyote behaviour, the City partnered with Coyote Watch Canada, to develop an e-learning module: Coyotes in the Urban Landscape. This module includes tips to reduce negative encounters with coyotes and keep pets safe, so that residents, pets and wildlife can co-exist in harmony in Toronto.

An attack or bite on another animal is not grounds for removal. Where a coyote is injured or sick, Toronto Animal Services will investigate to determine whether the coyote can recover on its own or needs to be captured and brought to a wildlife rehabilitation facility. In accordance with the Fish and Wildlife Conservation Act, the coyote will be placed back into the area from which it was captured when it has recovered.

Residents who see someone feeding a coyote should contact 311, as it is against City bylaws. The Parks Bylaw states that while in a park, no person shall feed or attempt to feed or deposit food for consumption by wildlife. The fine for this offence is $365. Coyote sightings can be reported to Toronto Animal Services by calling 416-338-PAWS (7297) or emailing

More information on the City’s coyote response, as well as the Coyotes in the Urban Landscape e-learning module are available at here.

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