• generally do not pose a danger to people, but can pose a danger for pets
  • are active during the day and at night, particularly dusk and dawn
  • help to control rodent and rabbit populations
  • thrive in urban areas because of the abundance of food and shelter available
  • do not hibernate and may be seen more often during winter months as they are not hidden by foliage
  • will eat whatever food is available such as small mammals and birds, and improperly stored garbage

You should:

  • never feed coyotes
  • always exercise caution around them

What should I do if I see a coyote near my home or on my property?

  • Encourage the coyote to keep moving by shouting and gesturing aggressively.
  • There is probably a food source either in your yard or your neighbour’s yard.

To stop a coyote from coming into your yard:

  • Avoid feeding your pets outdoors.
  • Store garbage, recycling and organics properly.
  • Remove dense brush and weeds to minimize hiding spots.

If you see someone feeding a coyote, call 311 as it is against City bylaws.

Coyotes are naturally timid and flee when confronted aggressively. Never run away from a coyote. The following actions teach coyotes to fear humans.

  • Be Big: Stand up and raise your arms in the air. Appear as large and threatening as possible
  • Be Loud: Stomp your feet, clap your hands, and yell “go away coyote” to alert people nearby.
  • Be Threatening: Throw a tennis ball or a small pebble or stick at the coyote, but only to show the coyote who is boss – not to injure!
  • Avoid turning your back, maintain eye contact and slowly back away.

If you see a coyote doing the following, call 311:

  • Approaching dogs or people
  • Exploring a home or building far from a large park or open area
  • Limping or staggering or with paralyzed hind legs
  • Acting confused around non-living objects
  • Biting pets
  • If you find an injured or sick coyote
  • Keep dogs on a leash.
  • Keep cats indoors or supervised when outside.
  • If coyotes are in your area, do not let your pet out into your backyard alone.

When walking your dog in a park:

  • Allow your dog off leash only in enclosed areas.
  • Walk your dog in areas of high pedestrian traffic such as busy streets, jogging and park trails.
  • Walk during daylight hours.
  • Avoid walking along abandoned properties or densely forested areas.
  • Keep your dog in sight.

If you encounter a coyote while walking your dog:

  • Pick the dog up in your arms.
  • If not possible, keep your dog on a short leash and move to an area with more activity.

The following may help to deter coyotes:

Flashlights: Bright light has been known to deter coyotes.

Umbrellas: The action and sound of opening/closing will deter a coyote.

Whistles: May not scare coyote directly but will alert other pedestrians in the area.

Be big and loud: Jump up and down, wave your arms, yell “Go away coyote!”

The City provides the following:

  • public education
  • a bylaw that prohibits feeding of wildlife
  • criteria for the removal of coyotes, if necessary:
    • A bite to another animal is not grounds for removal – it is normal coyote behaviour.
    • If a coyote is injured or sick, Toronto Animal Services will investigate to determine whether the coyote can recover on its own or should be taken to a wildlife rehabilitation facility.
    • In accordance with the Fish and Wildlife Conservation Act, once it recovers, the coyote will be returned to the area from where it was captured.

Report a Coyote Sighting


416-338-PAWS (7297)


Fill out an online form.