In circular cities, businesses, government and the public work together to apply and embody circular principles tailored to the area’s unique local cultures, economy, and ecosystem. Everyone has a role to play in helping to move Toronto toward a circular economy.

Actions Individuals Can Take

  • Choose reusable items such as bags and beverage and food containers instead of disposable ones.
  • Reduce overconsumption and drive demand for circular products and services by shopping consciously.
  • Repair and repurpose items to maximize their use and reduce the need for new products to be created.
  • Donate items to extend their life.
  • Borrow, share or rent less frequently used items, such as tools, party supplies, camping gear, sports equipment, board games, toys and vehicles.
  • Make choices that are regenerative and support the health of natural systems, such as backyard composting, planting pollinator gardens, and making your home bird-friendly.

Learn more waste reduction tips.

Actions Organizations Can Take

  • Companies can unlock the potential of circular finance and circular business models, such as Buy and Sell Back, Buy and Sell On, and Product-as-Service, and can prioritize innovative design and production, finding new ways to access, use and reuse materials.
  • Advocacy groups and cultural associations can support a more equitable transition to a circular economy through participation in decision-making.
  • Social partners, such as trade and labour unions, can represent the interests of workers and employers during the transition to a circular economy.
  • Standards authorities can establish international circular metrics, indicators and standards to guide and measure progress toward the circular economy.
  • Institutes and professional accreditation bodies can drive knowledge creation and equip workers with the skills required for a just circular transition.

Actions the City Can Take

The City of Toronto can play a leading role in the transition toward a more circular economy and create an environment in which circular innovation can flourish by:

  • Developing a Circular Economy Road Map for Toronto.
  • Mobilizing stakeholders around circular goals.
  • Providing education related to and improving the understanding of opportunities for circularity, including through City services and business processes.
  • Managing the City’s assets in a circular way, including through circular procurement.
  • Incentivizing and regulating Toronto’s circular business ecosystem.
  • Actively seeking diverse perspectives and ways of knowing.
  • Addressing historical and systemic injustices and continuing to explore ways to work with and learn from Indigenous Peoples (as Rights Holders) and equity-deserving communities in the circular transition.
  • Working together with other levels of government to create the enabling conditions for businesses, industry, and communities to embark on a circular transition.