Every year, the City of Toronto manages over 900,000 tonnes of waste. This requires money, energy, and resources and takes up valuable landfill space. Waste reduction should always be top of mind as the less waste produced, the less there is to manage. Join the waste reduction movement and help keep items out of landfill.


Use reusable bags for shopping and gift giving, reusable bottles and mugs instead of disposables when on the go and real dishes and cutlery at events. When shopping, consider thrift stores and garage sales.


Find new uses for things you would otherwise throw away. A few examples include using cookie tins for storage, turning old clothes into rags, using cans as pencil holders and using old jars as vases.


Organize a swap with friends or attend one of the many swap events happening in the city.


Borrow tools, party supplies, camping gear, sports equipment, board games and toys from a lending library or share things like a lawn mower or ladder with neighbours. You can also rent clothing for special events or one-time use.


Extend the life of items like clothing, appliances and electronics by repairing them and keep an eye out for repair events in the city. Learn about the City’s Bicycle Repair and Sewing Repair Hubs.

Shop Consciously

Plan ahead, buy only what you need and consider the impact of packaging when making purchases.


Give clothing, books, toys and more a new life by donating them. Find non-profit organizations where you can donate unwanted clothing and other items. Find City-permitted clothing drop boxes.

Try one of these sustainable swaps to help reduce your everyday waste.

Disposable Item Sustainable Solution
Coffee cup Reusable travel coffee mug
Disposable cutlery Saying ‘no’ if you don’t need them or pack regular cutlery
Paper Napkin Cloth napkin
Plastic or aluminum food wrap Beeswax or reusable container
Coffee pod Brewed coffee or pour-over
Plastic produce bag Mesh or reusable produce bag
Dryer sheet Dryer ball
Paper towel Tea towel or cloth rag
Plastic water bottle Reusable water bottle
Disposable bag Tote or reusable bag
Parchment paper Silicon baking mat
Disposable sandwich bag Reusable silicon or fabric sandwich bag


The average Toronto household throws out 17 kg (37 lb) of clothing and other textiles each year (based on City of Toronto household waste audits). That’s one trend that needs to end.

Textiles that are put into the garbage end up in landfill, where they take up valuable space and release greenhouse gases contributing to climate change.  Manufacturing clothing also has a significant environmental impact from the raw materials and energy used to the pollution created in the process. Reusing or repurposing clothing extends its life.

The City of Toronto is a member of the Ontario Textile Diversion Collaborative, a multi stakeholder group committed to minimizing the number of textiles going to landfill.

Ways to Shrink Your Clothing Footprint

  • Shop consciously. Buy only what you need and look for clothes that are a high quality and will last.
  • Give clothes a new life through donation. Find non-profit organizations where you can donate unwanted clothing and other items. Find City-permitted clothing drop boxes.
  • Bring unwanted clothing back to retailers who have takeback programs.
  • Buy second-hand. Thrift stores and garage sales are great places to find clothing that is new to you.
  • Borrow, share or swap clothing instead of buying new or rent clothing for a special event or other one-time use.
  • Repair clothing to extend its life. The City has a number of Sewing Repair Hubs across Toronto.


Find non-profit organizations where you can donate  clothing and other items. To get donation locations from your smartphone or tablet, download the TOwaste app. Please note: the listing of these organizations is not a City endorsement.

Before you make a donation, please contact the organization to confirm their location and hours, what items they accept and in what condition. The condition of acceptable items varies between organizations, but none want items that are wet, mildewed or contaminated with hazardous waste.

Find City-permitted clothing drop boxes.

How donations are used

Non-profit organizations use donations in various ways. Some resell clothing and household items to provide support and/or employment for those in need and fund their activities and research. Others distribute donations directly to their clients. You can support these organizations by donating reusable items and shopping at their retail operations.

What to do with items that are not accepted for reuse

If furniture or appliances are not accepted for reuse, they can be set out for collection as oversized items on garbage day. If you live in an apartment or condo, speak with your building manager about where to bring furniture and appliances.

Electronics that cannot be reused or donated can be put out on garbage day for pickup or brought to a Drop-off Depot or Community Environment Day. If you live in an apartment or condo, speak with your building manager about where to bring your electronic waste.


The City is currently looking at how to reduce single-use and takeaway items in Toronto. This includes public consultation on what items to target and what approaches to take.

This supports the Waste Strategy’s recommendation to explore mechanisms within the City’s power, including bans or fees, to achieve greater waste reduction and diversion

Many items that can be reused are thrown out every day. To help foster a culture of waste reduction, sharing, repairing and reuse in Toronto, the City is implementing five Community Reduce & Reuse Programs. Together, the programs will help to build sustainable communities and reduce the amount of waste going to landfill.

Food waste is a significant issue both locally and across the country. Over 50 per cent of food wasted in Toronto single-family households is avoidable. This includes leftovers and untouched food that could have been eaten at one point. Food waste often occurs when we buy too much, cook too much, or don’t store our food correctly. It’s estimated that avoidable food waste costs the average Canadian household over $1,100 per year.

Food waste reduction is a key part of the City’s Long Term Waste Management Strategy. Since food waste is not just a local issue, the City has partnered with the National Zero Waste Council, other government organizations and major retailers on the Love Food Hate Waste Canada campaign, a national effort to reduce food waste across the country.

Learn more about the issue of food waste and quick and easy tips to help you reduce food waste in your home.