Governance refers to the decision-making structures, processes, policies and practices in place to support the delivery of transit needs to serve the City and Region.
In Toronto, planning, delivery, construction, operations and maintenance of the City’s integrated transit system involves multiple organizations with important roles, responsibilities and expertise. Close collaboration between the parties is critical to advancing public transit policy objectives.
In October 2019, the City and the Province entered into the Ontario-Toronto Transit Partnership. The subsequent Preliminary Agreement, signed in February 2020, establishes the roles and responsibilities of the Province and the City in implementing major transit initiatives in Toronto.
As part of the partnership, the City and Province have also established a Memorandum of Understanding for Transit Oriented Development (TOD) that shared objectives and the respective roles and responsibilities of the City and Province for TOD as it relates to the provincial priority projects and GO Expansion/SmartTrack. Visit the Province of Ontario’s Transit-Oriented Communities Program page for more information.
The City and Province continue to negotiate more detailed agreements to lay out and clarify respective roles and responsibilities for the implementation of transit initiatives, and operations and maintenance of the on-going Provincial transit projects.
The Province has legislation that defines roles and responsibilities among key organizations involved in transit planning and delivery in the City of Toronto.
In May 2019, the Ontario Government introduced Bill 107, Getting Ontario Moving Act, 2019, which received Royal Assent on June 6, 2019. The legislation enabled a series of changes to how transit is planned, designed and delivered in Toronto, including the ability for the Province to designate rapid transit projects as sole responsibility projects of the Province or Metrolinx.
In July 2019, Ontario Regulation 248/19 “Interim Measures- Upload of Rapid Transit Projects” went into effect. The regulation identifies the Ontario Line, Scarborough Subway Extension, and Yonge North Subway Extension in Toronto as sole responsibility projects of Metrolinx. This means that Metrolinx will lead the planning, development, delivery, and construction of the Ontario Line, Line 2 East Extension, Eglinton Crosstown West Extension and Yonge North Subway Extension in Toronto.
In February 2020, the Province introduced Bill 171, Building Transit Faster Act, 2020, which received Royal Assent on July 8, 2020, enacted legislative changes that are intended to expedite planning, design, and construction of the Subway Program. The Ontario Regulation 341/20: Ontario Line Project: and amendments to Ontario Regulation 231/08 Transit Projects and Metrolinx Undertakings under the Environmental Assessment Act related to its Subway Program projects, came into effect on July 1, 2020.
A list of staff reports to City Council, agreements, and important information related to the roles and responsibilities on transit, including major City Council decisions are included on each transit expansion program or project site.