Upcoming Commemorations: Remembrance Day
On November 11, 2019, the City of Toronto will hold Remembrance Day services to remember and pay respect to those who have given their lives in service to our country. They have helped to create and shape the rights and freedoms we enjoy today.
In 2019, seven Civic Remembrance Day services are scheduled across the city.
The City of Toronto’s Remembrance Day Ceremonies commemorate those who paid the ultimate sacrifice in the First World War, the Second World War, the Korean War, Peacekeeping and in Afghanistan.
Civic Remembrance Day Services – 2019
|Sunday, November 10||2 p.m.||Scarborough Civic Centre
150 Borough Dr.
|Monday, November 11||10:45 a.m.||East York Civic Centre
|Monday, November 11||10:45 a.m.||Etobicoke Civic Centre
|Monday, November 11||10:45 a.m.||North York Service
George Weston Recital Hall at the Meridian Arts Centre (formerly Toronto Centre for the Arts)
|Monday, November 11||10:45 a.m.||Toronto Old City Hall
|Monday, November 11||10:45 a.m.||York Civic Centre Cenotaph
2700 Eglinton Avenue West
|Monday, November 11||10:45 a.m.||Fort York National Historic Site
250 Fort York Blvd.
Victory in Europe (V-E) Day on May 4, 1945 marked the official end of the Second World War in Europe. It was a joyful day celebrated by many in Canada, Europe and other Allied Nations around the world.
On May 8, 2020, the City of Toronto will commemorate 75 years since Victory in Europe (VE) Day and the end of the Second World War.
Each year the City of Toronto holds Remembrance Day services to remember those who have given their lives in service to our country. We pay respect to them for helping to create and shape the rights and freedoms we enjoy today. In so doing, we also honour the men and women who have served and continue to serve our country in the Canadian Armed Forces.
Each element of the day’s program is symbolic and pays tribute to the courage, service and sacrifice of those who have served and continue to serve during times of war, conflict, as well as to maintain peace.
The sentries stand vigil at the four corners of the cenotaph or memorial with heads bowed and rifles reversed (known as reverse arms).
The sentries take their post prior to the commencement of the commemorative service and remain in position until the colours are marched off and they are dismissed.
The vigil sentries may represent different elements of the Canadian Armed Forces such as the Royal Canadian Navy, Army and Royal Canadian Air Force. They may also represent members of the Armed Forces in different historical uniforms from various eras. Sentries may also be drawn from the Royal Canadian Army, Sea, or Air Cadets or the RCMP.
The Old City Hall clock tower bells ring at 11 a.m. to mark the end of the First World War and the armistice that went into effect on the 11th hour of the 11th day of the 11th month. This date is now known as Remembrance Day.
The Last Post
The Last Post is played by a bugler. Traditionally, it symbolizes the end of the day in the military.
Historically, it was played to let soldiers still on the battlefield know that fighting was over and that they should return to camp.
In a commemorative service, the playing of The Last Post symbolizes the soldiers’ final call and summons their spirit to the cenotaph.
Playing it at the beginning of the ceremony indicates that the day’s proceedings are outside the norm, as it is a day of commemoration.
The ceremony starts with music which is normally played at the end of the day and ends with what is normally heard at the start.
Two Minutes of Silence
Two Minutes of Silence is the central element of Remembrance Day ceremonies. It is a time to pause and remember the service and sacrifice made by men and women who have given their lives in service to our country.
The Silence originated in Cape Town, South Africa, where there was a daily moment of silence, known as the Two Minute Pause which started in 1918. It was initiated by a daily firing of the noon day gun on Signal Hill. The first minute was a time of thanksgiving for those who had returned alive, the second was to remember the fallen.
In 1919, King George V asked that it be observed throughout the Commonwealth and it has been an important feature of remembrance ever since.
In Ontario, the Remembrance Week Act 2016, encourages the voluntary observance in pausing and observing two minutes of silence. During this time, we honour those who died serving their country in wars and in peacekeeping efforts.
The Lament titled The Lament to the Fallen is played by a piper to honour fallen soldiers.
The Scottish folk tune Flowers of the Forest commemorating the defeat of the Battle of Flodden in 1513, is often played at a funeral to honour the deceased.
The Rouse is played by a bugler. It is normally the first call sounded in the morning and used as a wake-up call for the soldiers.
During a Remembrance Day ceremony, it is played to signify the resurrection of the spirit of the fallen at the conclusion of the Act of Remembrance.
The flypast is a type of aerial salute that serves to pay respect to the fallen.
Canadian Harvard planes are flown in the missing man formation in memory of a fallen pilot.
The Canadian Harvard aircraft was used to train the thousands of pilots involved in the D-Day invasion, flying the fighters and bombers over Europe. They were used in the last phase of training before a pilot got his wings and moved on to the fighters or bombers in operational units. As part of the British Commonwealth Air Training Plan, the aircraft was used in training more than 20,000 pilots throughout the duration of the war. 2019 marks the 80th anniversary of the first delivery to the RCAF – July 21, 1939.
Old City Hall Parade Order
- City of Toronto Honour Guard
- Toronto Police Service Ceremonial Unit
- Toronto Fire Services War Veterans Colour Guard
- Toronto Fire Services Honour Guard
- Toronto Paramedic Services Honour Guard
- Toronto Transit Commission Honour Guard
- Municipal Licensing & Standards Honour Guard
- Members of the Canadian Armed Forces
- Other Police Forces
- Veterans Organizations
- Royal Canadian Legion Members
- Members of the Royal Canadian Cadet Corps (Sea, Army, Air)