There may be times when feeding your baby at the breast is not possible. If you need to feed your baby with a bottle, sterilize equipment until your baby is at least 4 months old and follow these steps to keep your baby safe.

What You Need

pot with lid

  • Large pot with lid
bottle brush and nipple brush

  • Bottle brush
  • nipple brush


tong-knife-fork-can opener-glass measuring cup


  • Tongs
  • Knife
  • Fork
  • Can opener
  • Glass measuring cup

bottles, nipples, caps and rims


  • Glass bottles (if possible)
  • Nipples
  • Caps
  • Rims


Note: If using disposable system, throw out liners after one use. Throw out nipples when they become soft and sticky.

Steps to Sterilize Equipment

washing hand with soap and water
Wash hands and counter with soap and water.
washing bottle with brush in soapy water
Wash all items in warm soapy water.
using thumbs to push all liquid out of bottle nipple
Make sure holes in nipples are not clogged.


rinse bottle under running water
Rinse well.
pot filled with water and bottle, nipple, rim and cap
Put clean items in a pot. Fill pot with water.
boil for 2 minutes
Boil for 2 minutes. Keep pot covered until items are needed.


dry all bottle, nipple, rim and cap on a paper towel
Remove items with tongs. Set on a clean paper towel.