May 2024 update: Staff will report to Infrastructure and Environment Committee on May 28​ and will recommend complete street features including pedestrian buffer space, a cycle track, and motor vehicle lane reallocation on Avenue Road from Bloor Street West to Davenport Road. View the staff report at Item – 2024.IE14.4. Arrange to speak or submit comments by calling 416-392-4666 or emailing by 4:30 p.m. on May 27.

The Avenue Road Study is identifying opportunities to improve safety, mobility, and streetscape to better serve all road users on the street segment between Bloor Street West and St. Clair Avenue West.

The Study is taking into consideration the impact of potential changes on the city-wide road network and adjacent local streets.

Full reconstruction of Avenue Road is currently forecasted to take place more than ten years from now. In consultation with the community, the Study is determining what interim improvements can be made.

May 2024 Update: Staff will report to Infrastructure and Environment Committee via the 2024 Cycling Infrastructure Installation – Third Quarter Update on May 28​, 2024 (Item – 2024.IE14.4) to seek approval to install complete street features including pedestrian buffer space, a cycle track, and motor vehicle lane reallocation on Avenue Road from Bloor Street West to Davenport Road.

Proposed Design – Avenue Road (Bloor Street West to Cumberland Street)

  • On-street cycle tracks, one in each direction, on the east and west sides of the street (painted buffer with physical separation where possible) north of Bloor Street West
  • Motor vehicle lane reduction from five (two northbound and three southbound) to four (two in each direction) and the removal of the designated southbound right-turn lane at Bloor Street West
  • Bike boxes on the southeast, southwest and northeast corners of the Bloor Street West and Avenue Road/Queen’s Park intersection (no change to the existing bike box on the northeast corner), which designate space for people cycling to wait in front of cars to make them more visible, and
  • Accessible platforms at transit stops, where needed and feasible

Proposed Design – Avenue Road (Cumberland Street to Bernard Avenue)

  • On-street cycle tracks, one in each direction, on the east and west sides of the street (painted buffer with physical separation where possible)
  • Motor vehicle lane reduction from six (three in each direction) to four (two in each direction)
  • Continuous cycling infrastructure through approved construction staging area at 33-49 Avenue Road/136-148 Yorkville Avenue. This requires the removal of on-street parking spaces between Yorkville Avenue and Lowther Avenue and removal of the TTC bus stop on the northwest side of the Yorkville Avenue and Avenue Road intersection
  • Continuous cycling infrastructure through approved construction staging area at 87 and 89 Avenue Road
  • Centre turn lane at 87 Avenue Road to accommodate southbound left-turns into the Whole Foods Market carpark
  • New TTC bus stop in front of 87 Avenue Road and removal of the bus stops at 55 and 101 Avenue Road (to be implemented following the clearance of lane occupancies from new development construction)
  • New TTC bus stop in front of 88 Avenue Road and removal of the bus stop at 96 Avenue Road
  • Accessible platforms at transit stops where needed and feasible
  • 10 Pay and Display on-street parking spaces and two loading spaces on the west side of Avenue Road between Elgin Avenue and Lowther Avenue and 9 Pay and Display on-street parking spaces on the west side of Avenue Road between Tranby Avenue and Bernard Avenue
  • Maintaining the taxi stand at 103 Avenue Road
  • Loading area at 111 Avenue Road

Proposed Design – Avenue Road (Bernard Avenue to Davenport Road)

  • On-street cycle tracks, one in each direction (painted buffer with physical separation where possible)
  • Motor vehicle lane reduction from six (three in each direction) to five (three northbound and two southbound)
  • A shared northbound left-turn and through lane at the intersection of Avenue Road and Davenport Road

Staff will also report to Toronto and East York Community Council on June 11 with recommendations for road safety improvements and a complete street redesign on Avenue Road between Davenport Road and Dupont Street to improve comfort and safety for all road users, particularly for pedestrians. The proposed measures include localized safety improvements and lane reallocation on Avenue Road between Davenport Road and Dupont Street. Proposed design includes buffer space between active vehicle travel lanes and sidewalks, road-level pedestrian space, intersection improvements, designated on-street parking, four motor vehicle travel lanes with additional turn lanes where appropriate. The design will fit within the existing curb to curb space. More information on these proposed changes and the staff report will be shared in the coming weeks.

Both the Infrastructure and Environment Committee and Toronto East York Community Council reports would be considered at the June 26-28 meeting of City Council.

A final Avenue Road Study report will be presented at a future Infrastructure and Environment Committee meeting to provide recommendations on the long-term vision, and near-term plan for the segment of Avenue Road between Dupont Street and St. Clair Avenue West.

The study area is Avenue Road from Bloor Street on the south to St. Clair Avenue West on the north.

Map showing the boundaries of the study area

Over the years Councillors and City staff have heard concerns from local residents about road user safety, the speed of motor vehicle traffic, lack of space for pedestrians, and lack of bikeways along Avenue Road. In 2019, City Council directed staff to undertake the Avenue Road Study to address safety and mobility concerns. ​(Item 2019.TE5.81)

​In 2020, City Council authorized an acceleration of new cycling projects as a pandemic response. Avenue Road between Bloor Street and Davenport Road was considered and recommended to be implemented after a construction work zone on the east side north of Cumberland Street had been removed. In 2021, City Council included Avenue Road as a corridor under study for bikeways in the 2022-2024 Cycling Network Plan. ​

Council motions related to this study include:

A range of options are being considered to improve safety, mobility choices and streetscape on Avenue Road.

An overview of the actions proposed for the near-term are summarized below:

Map overview of proposed actions for Avenue Road study area


Review background material and section-by-section maps with detailed information about proposed actions:

All proposed improvements were assessed through an evaluation process that considered the extent to which each solution addresses safety concerns, advances the City’s goals and policies, impacts the neighbourhood and the road network, as well as availability of resources.

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Phase Two, Fall 2023:

Phase Two of consultation on the Avenue Road Study took place in Fall 2023. This phase of consultation asked for road user and community member input on the potential near-term actions and long-term vision for Avenue Road.

A survey was available from October 5th to November 2, 2023. A public drop-in event was held on Thursday, October 19, 2023 from 4:00pm to 8:00pm at Timothy Eaton Memorial Church at 230 St. Clair Avenue West. Participants could review study materials and leave feedback with staff.

Avenue Road Phase 2 Public Notice

Public Drop-In Display Materials

Following consultation, the assessment of all potential actions will be finalized. The Study will conclude with a staff report to City Council for a final decision. Next steps on implementation will be determined by availability of funding, resources, and the City’s competing priorities.

Stakeholder Meeting

On September 18, 2023, a meeting was organized of stakeholder groups representing organizations and businesses along the study corridor. A summary of what was heard at this meeting will be shared as part of the consultation report.

Project Mailing List

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Phase One, Spring 2022

Phase one of public consultation is now complete. The purpose of Phase One was to verify concerns and priorities previously raised for Avenue Road from St Clair Avenue to Bloor Street, and to identify concerns and priorities not previously captured. Phase One involved gathering public input for the study area through an online survey. Responses from the survey will inform the development of potential improvement options for Avenue Road that best serve all road users with the space available. The Phase One Public Consultation Report summarizes public feedback received May 9 – May 29, 2022.

What We Heard

The most common concerns identified by survey respondents are the high speed of traffic, insufficient space on sidewalks, lack of bikeways, and the insufficient buffer space between pedestrians and vehicles, indicating an overall concern for safety.  The most frequently identified changes that survey respondents would like to see are increased sidewalk widths, reduced vehicle speed limits, and the introduction of cycling facilities.

Other frequently mentioned concerns and priorities for the corridor include noise levels related to speeding, the need to maintain traffic flow to and from the downtown core, and concerns about impacts to the corridor and the neighbourhood if changes are implemented on both Avenue Road and Yonge Street.

What issues is the Avenue Road Study addressing?

City Council directed staff to undertake the Avenue Road Study to identify opportunities to improve safety, mobility and streetscape to better serve all road users.

The current conditions of Avenue Road: ​

  • Do not provide adequate infrastructure for vulnerable road users ​
  • Encourage speeding ​
  • Have a history of collisions resulting in serious injury and fatality, including ten serious injuries and three deaths between 2014 and 2024
  • Are constrained due to active construction zones that encroach on the sidewalk and roadway​

​The Study advances the goals of Toronto’s Vision Zero Road Safety Plan, TransformTO, Complete Streets Guidelines, and Road to Health: Healthy Toronto by Design.

What is the difference between the near-term actions and long-term vision in the Study?

The Study is premised on the understanding that full reconstruction of Avenue Road is not scheduled in the City’s Ten-Year Capital Plan for major roadwork. Full road reconstructions typically only take place every 50 years. The study identified feasible actions that could be delivered in advance of full reconstruction, in the near-term (the next 1-5 years). Additionally, the study will identify a vision for the future of the roadway that can guide reconstruction, when it is scheduled. The use of near-term, ‘quick-build’ measures will also allow staff to observe the impact on travel times, motor vehicle speeds and overall safety and make improvements to the design where necessary.

Why is the City not proposing to widen sidewalks along this corridor in the near term?

Sidewalk reconstruction is typically bundled with road reconstruction work for efficiency and to reduce impacts to residents. Widening sidewalks on Avenue Road would require moving the curbs and would impact the underground infrastructure and utilities. For this reason, the City would explore sidewalk widening when Avenue Road is scheduled to undergo a full reconstruction.

Avenue Road is not scheduled for reconstruction within the next ten years. The study identified near-term actions that could be implemented in the next 1-5 years to increase space, comfort and protection for pedestrians and encourage compliance with the speed limit. The long-term scenarios for Avenue Road would involve widening sidewalks to meet or exceed the City standard of 2.1 metres.

Why is a lane reduction recommended?​

Avenue Road’s current road design reflects legacy standards, including narrow sidewalks widths, no designated cycling facilities and a wide roadway that encourages speeding. The current configuration predates the Complete Streets Guidelines which aim to design streets for people, place-making and prosperity and serve many roles, functions, and users.  ​The Avenue Road Study recommends a lane reduction from six to four, and additional turning lanes at intersections, where feasible.

Reallocating road space to other uses would improve safety conditions for all road users, specifically pedestrians and people cycling, and would encourage compliance with the regulatory speed limit. Lane reduction could be completed in advance of road reconstruction.

What would be the benefit of the proposed Complete Street features? ​

The Complete Streets Guideline aims to design streets for people, place-making and prosperity and to serve a multitude of roles, functions and users. Complete streets elements proposed on Avenue Road would improve the experience for vulnerable road users, like pedestrians.​

Pedestrian space: designated pedestrian facilities at road level

  • Increase the amount of space for pedestrians beyond the existing narrow sidewalk​
  • Separated from motor vehicle traffic by quick-build materials like pavement markings and barriers​

Cycle Track: bikeways that are separated from vehicle traffic by concrete curbs, planter boxes, bollards, or parked cars

  • Provide a safe north-south cycling connection between existing bikeways on Bloor Street, University Avenue and Davenport Road​
  • Create a safer and more comfortable pedestrian environment by creating a greater separation from motor vehicles​

Curb Extensions: localized road narrowings for short sections where pavement width is reduced by extending the curb into the roadway​

  • Reduce pedestrian crossing distances across streets that intersect with Avenue Road​
  • Improve pedestrian visibility ​
  • Encourage slower vehicle turning speeds ​

Loading/Buffer Zones: designated space for loading and unloading activities​

  • Provides separation between pedestrians and active motor vehicle travel lanes

What would be the impact of lane reduction?​

A feasibility assessment was undertaken to study the operational impacts of reallocating road space to accommodate complete street design elements that improve mobility options and road user safety. Network modeling and intersection testing was conducted in the study area to support the feasibility assessment and identify potential mitigation measures. Traffic studies collected between 2021 and 2023 were used as a baseline for vehicle volume modelling.

Network modeling compared the existing conditions on Avenue Road (6 lanes) and Yonge Street (2 lanes) and speed limit of 50 km/h against an alternative scenario for reducing the number of motor vehicle lanes on Avenue Road to four, and speed limit of 40 km/h.

Network modelling indicated:

  • A 30-40% reduction in the volume of motor vehicles on Avenue Road between St. Clair Avenue West and Bloor Street West
  • An increased motor vehicle travel time of approximately 1 minute during peak hours on Avenue Road between St. Clair Avenue West and Bloor Street West
  • The greatest impact on Avenue Road would occur during the peak hour in the peak direction (southbound in the morning and northbound in the evening)
  • A 10% increase in motor vehicle volumes on Yonge Street between St. Clair Avenue West and Bloor Street West. The rest of the volume would be distributed throughout various alternate routes
  • An increased motor vehicle travel time less than 1 minute on Yonge Street between St. Clair Avenue West and Bloor Street West

Intersection testing was completed using the Synchro modelling software. This allowed Transportation Services to understand block-by-block operational needs and constraints along the length of Avenue Road and inform designs that aim to reduce traffic infiltration on local streets. Intersection testing indicated an acceptable level of service for motor vehicle traffic.

    How would the potential impact of lane reduction be addressed?​

    Staff are developing a monitoring plan to track travel patterns and traffic behaviours on Avenue Road and surrounding neighbourhood streets. ​

    • Data would be collected bi-annually to monitor travel times, turning movement counts, and multi-modal traffic speed and volume studies.
    • Baseline data for this monitoring was conducted in 2023 and 2024​.
    • Traffic studies and findings would be made available on a data dashboard, posted on the project website.
    • Engagement with local interest groups and the public would continue throughout installation and up to 24 months post-installation.
    • Feedback will be collected to understand perceived impacts of corridor changes.​
    • Engagement could help identify appropriate solutions to potential site issues​.

    Through the monitoring plan staff would track:​

    • Traffic impacts and possible signal timing modifications, turn restrictions, addition of turning lanes
    • Identification and mitigation of possible traffic infiltration issues on local streets
    • Modifications for loading issues as they may arise, in consultation with business owners and property managers
    • Observations of pedestrian impacts​

    How is public feedback being incorporated in the design?​

    Feedback gathered through the two phases of consultation and meetings with community groups, along with technical considerations and City policies and guidelines, have informed the proposed design. Key design changes based on public and community feedback include:

    • Addition of pedestrian space instead of new on-street parking​
    • Addition of buffer space instead of a centre lane median, between Edmund Avenue and Cottingham Street ​

    If Council approves the study recommendations, when can we expect to see the actions implemented?

    If approved by City Council:

    • Complete street features, including a cycle track between Bloor Street West and Davenport Road would be targeted for installation in summer 2024.
    • Localized safety improvements are targeted for installation in summer 2024. These include:
      • Permanent Automated Speed Enforcement between Edmund Avenue and Cottingham Street in the northbound direction,
      • A physical median between the northbound left turn lane and northbound through lane at Avenue Road and Dupont Street, and
      • Safety improvements in front of the Church of the Messiah.
    • Subject to Council approval, the remainder of the safety improvements between Davenport Road and Dupont Street would proceed to a detailed design phase, with installation targeted for 2025.