Diversion Rates & Reports
Find historical data on waste diversion and litter audit reports.
|Blue Bin (recycling) Program||117,240||127,952||141,206||143,935||148,336|
|Yard Waste/Christmas trees||79,579||91,164||96,068||99,822||92,474|
|Green Bin (organics)||112,676||105,756||106,040||111,848||105,491|
|Environment Days/Depots/Reuse Centres||1,459||816||1,681||3,610||2,119|
|Large Appliances/Scrap Metal||4,894||4,718||3,826||3,290||2,860|
|Household Hazardous Waste||1,950||2,336||1,844||1,622||1,531|
|Deposit Return & Stewardship Program||15,051||14,902||14,779||14,655||14,532|
|Diversion in Tonnes||385,622||405,392||423,817||439,222||424,188|
|Diversion & Waste||740,815||775,260||804,369||823,743||815,450|
- Fall 2012 – Mixed rigid plastics added
- June 2015 – More types of soft plastic film added
In 2016, a total of 385,622 tonnes of residential waste was diverted from landfill through such programs as the Blue Bin recycling, Green Bin organics, yard waste and Christmas trees, backyard composting, Community Environment Days, household hazardous waste, grass cycling, large appliance/scrap metal and electronic waste pick-up.
The combined residential diversion rate of 52 per cent represents the diverted tonnes achieved by both single family homes and multi-residential buildings (categorized as having 9 or more units). Residents living in single family homes had a diversion rate of 65 per cent. Multi- residential building residents improved their diversion, achieving a rate of 28 per cent (compared to 27 per cent in 2015).
Since the implementation of the Green Bin Organics Program to City-serviced multi-residential buildings, organic tonnes have slowly increased and is partially responsible for the increase in multi-residential diversion. The roll out of the new automated Green Bins for single family customers is complete for approximately half of the city and will be completed city-wide by the end of the year. The provision of additional capacity may also have had a positive impact on capturing more Green Bin organic materials.
Moving towards Zero Waste future and a Circular Economy
Starting in 2013, the City embarked on a multi-year project to develop the Long Term Waste Management Strategy (Waste Strategy) that would guide the City’s waste management system for the next 30 to 50 years. Through extensive consultation and engagement activities, thousands of participants from across the City provided feedback to form a Waste Strategy that received City Council approval in July 2016. The Waste Strategy includes recommendations that encourages the prevention of waste, maximizing its value before disposal. It also reaffirms the City’s commitment to reduce the amount of waste going to landfill and includes a 70 per cent diversion target by 2026 and introduces an aspirational goal to work towards a zero waste future and a circular economy.
The Waste Strategy also recommends new metrics that better reflect waste system successes, as the City continues to see a general decline in garbage and recycling tonnes, which impacts the overall calculation of the diversion rate. This weight-based performance measure does not accurately capture the success of decreasing garbage tonnes or account for the changing nature of packaging, which has become lighter in recent years. A weight-based performance measure no longer accurately reflects the success of today’s integrated waste management system.
Year over year, the City manages and sends less waste to landfill. Since 2014, the amount of garbage generated per household/unit has declined from 738 kg to 684 kg in 2016. The amount of diverted materials (Blue Bin recycling and Green Bin organic materials) has increased from 693 kg in 2014 to 701 kg in 2016. This could be in part due to trending towards lighter and smaller packaging, fluctuations in the number of households/units serviced, and overall reduced consumption of products and generation of waste.
To measure the performance of the integrated waste management system, the City will start to report on new performance metrics, including reduction in the amount of waste generated per household, reduction in greenhouse gas emissions, measuring reuse and overall reduction of waste disposed to landfill. Collectively, these new performance measures will help the City see their successes in moving closer towards an aspirational zero waste goal.
Residential Waste Diversion – 2016
|Program||Waste Collected (tonnes)||Waste Diverted (tonnes)||Diversion Rate|
|Single Family Residential||171,824||314,852||65%|
Diversion Summary – 2016
|Blue Bin Program||117,240|
|Yard Waste/Christmas trees||79,579|
|Green Bin (Organics)||112,676|
|Environment Days/Depots/Reuse Centre||1,459|
|Large Appliances/Scrap Metal||4,894|
|Household Hazardous Waste||1,950|
|Deposit Return and Stewardship Program||15,051|
|Diversion in Tonnes||385,622|
|Diversion and Waste||740,815|
In September 2016, the City of Toronto contracted AET Group Inc. (AET) to conduct a city-wide litter audit to assess the composition and amount of litter on City streets. Both large (four square inches or more) and small (less than four square inches) pieces of litter were studied within the 300 sites previously established in past city-wide litter audits. The methodology used was consistent with past years and again the type, brand and size of the litter was recorded.
2016 Audit Results
- Total number of large litter items increased slightly (approx. 14 per cent) from 2014, but compared to results from 2002 litter audit done, the average amount of large litter decreased by approx. 49 per cent.
- Non-branded paper towels/napkins was most commonly found large litter item (same as in 2014 audit).
- Total number of small litter items increased slightly (approx. 15 per cent) from 2014.
- As seen in past litter audits, most commonly found small litter is gum (approx. 25 per cent of all small litter audited), followed by cigarette butts (approx. 22 per cent).
Details, including information on the measurement of branded litter, is provided in the full report “2016 Toronto Litter Audit.”
In 2014, the City of Toronto engaged an independent consultant (Ernst & Young LLP) to review Solid Waste Management Services current collection and operational practices, to identify potential areas for improvement and provide recommendations in a final report for additional safeguards to public safety.
Ernst & Young reviewed four business practice areas to enhance public safety:
- Waste collection operations provided by City staff and contracted staff
- Routing of collection vehicles and equipment
- Operator training
- Vehicles and equipment design
|Material||Current Contract Ends||Next Posting of Offer to Purchase|
|Aluminum Cans||Dec 31, 2017||Mid December 2017|
|Aluminum Foil||Jun 30, 2018||Early April 2018|
|Aseptic/Polycoat Containers||Aug 31, 2018||Mid June, 2018|
|Bulky Mixed Plastics||May 31, 2018||Early March 2018|
|Ceramics||Dec 31, 2017||Late September 2017|
|Drywall||May 7, 2019||To be determined|
|Foam Polystyrene||Jan 31, 2018||To be determined|
|HDPE Bins||May 31, 2018||Mid March 2018|
|HDPE Bottles||Jan 8, 2018||Late October, 2017|
|Mattresses||–||To be determined|
|Mixed Broken Glass||Dec 31, 2018||Mid October 2018|
|Mixed Rigid Plastics||Sep 15, 2018||Mid June 2018|
|OCC Night Loads||Mar 14, 2018||Early January 2018|
|ONP, OCC and Mixed Paper||April 30, 2020||To be determined|
|PET Bottles||Sep 15, 2018||Late June 2018|
|Film Plastic||Aug 31, 2019||Early June 2019|
|Steel Cans||May 31, 2018||Early March 2018|
|White Goods & Scrap Metal||Jul 11, 2018||Late April 2018|