Performance measures that support low emissions transportation & mobility.
Low Emissions Transportation
AQ 1.1 Electric Vehicle Infrastructure
(Refer to Specifications & Resources 1 to 8)
- For each dwelling unit with a residential parking space, provide an energized outlet or full Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE) capable of providing Level 2 charging; and
- In multi-unit apartments or townhomes with shared, common onsite residential parking spaces: each residential parking space, excluding visitor parking, shall include an adjacent energized outlet capable of providing Level 2 charging or higher to the parking space, either dedicated to the parking space or using an Energy Management System.
Specifications and Resources
- Refer to Zoning By-law 569-2013, as amended, Regulation 188.8.131.52(2) E) which provides for EV charging equipment permitted within a parking space located in a building, subject to the equipment being located in the same parking space as the vehicle to be charged and within 0.25 metres of two adjoining sides of the parking space and at least 5.35 metres from a drive aisle from which vehicle access is provided. Regulation 184.108.40.206(14) provides the new regulation for EV Ready parking spaces.
- Zoning By-law 569-2013, as amended, includes new definitions in Chapter 800.50 (233) for energized outlet and (413) for Level 2 charging in effect February, 2022 as follows:
- Energized Outlet means a connected point in an electrical wiring installation at which current is taken to supply utilization equipment for electric vehicle charging.
- Level 2 Charging means a Level 2 electric vehicle charging level as defined by SAE International’s J1772 standard, as amended (208V to 240V single-phase power, with maximum current of 80A).
- Provide the parking space with an energized electrical outlet (junction box with a cover plate or a receptacle) at which a Level 2 EVSE can be installed in the future OR EVSE capable of supplying Level 2 charging capability or a higher level of charging. Electric Vehicle Supply Equipment (EVSE) is the complete assembly consisting of cables, connectors, devices, apparatus, and fittings installed for the purpose of power transfer and information exchange between the branch circuit and the electric vehicle, commonly referred to as an EV charging station or EV charger.
- EV Ready parking spaces and EVSE are installed in accordance with the Ontario Electrical Safety Code (OESC) provisions for electric vehicle charging systems, electric vehicle energy management systems (EV EMS) and electric vehicle supply equipment demand factors without EV EMS. Rule 8-500 of the OESC permits Electrical Vehicle Energy Management Systems (EVEMSs) to monitor loads and automatically control EVSE loads. EVEMS is defined as a means used to control electric vehicle supply equipment loads through the process of connecting, disconnecting, increasing, or reducing electric power to the loads. The system may consist of any of the following: a monitor(s), communications equipment, a controller(s), a timer(s), and other applicable devices.
- EV charging infrastructure must be capable of meeting the minimum performance requirements in the table below.
|Circuit Breaker Size
||Maximum number of EVs (by mean daily weekday VKT)
- For the purposes of Zoning Bylaw 569-2013, as amended, Regulation 220.127.116.11(2) E), Parking Spaces are defined as inside a building. However low-rise dwelling units with dedicated at-grade parking spaces are also subject to the requirement to provide Energized Outlets or EVSE for the purpose of at-home charging.
- See the Electric Vehicle Charging Infrastructure Costing Study (AES Engineering, 2021) for more information about EV Ready design options and costing analysis for residential development archetypes to comply with this standard.
- Energized outlets or EVSE parking spaces shall be labelled for the intended use for electric vehicle charging.
AQ 2.1 Connectivity
Provide safe, direct, universally accessible pedestrian routes, including crosswalks and midblock crossings that connect the buildings on-site to the off-site pedestrian network and priority destinations. 1
AQ 2.2 Sidewalk Space
Provide a context-sensitive pedestrian clearway that is a minimum of 2.1m wide, to safely and comfortably accommodate pedestrian flow. 2,3
AQ 2.3 Weather Protection
Provide covered outdoor waiting areas for pedestrian comfort and protection from inclement weather. 4
AQ 2.4 Pedestrian Specific Lighting
Provide pedestrian-scale lighting that is evenly spaced, continuous and directed onto sidewalks, pathways, entrances, outdoor waiting areas and public spaces. 5
Specifications and Resources
- Off-site pedestrian networks and priority destinations include sidewalks, transit stops/stations, parking areas (bikes and cars), surrounding parks and open space, mid-block walkways, underground concourses, primary building entrances or other key pedestrian access points, crossings and routes.
- The pedestrian clearway is the universally accessible, unobstructed, direct and continuous path of travel within the sidewalk zone. A clearway greater than 2.1m wide may be required at corners, transit nodes or other contexts with high pedestrian volumes or pedestrian activity (e.g. at-grade patios and retail uses): City of Toronto Accessibility Design Guidelines.
- A context-sensitive sidewalk zone at least 6m wide, measured from curb to buildings face, is recommended to support a variety of streetscape elements including the pedestrian clearway, trees, furniture, lighting, utilities, cafés, etc. that contribute to a vibrant and complete street. For more information see the applicable Urban Design Streetscape and Public Space Guidelines.
- Outdoor waiting areas must include the primary entrance to the building or any entrance adjacent to a lobby. Coverings such as canopies and awnings should be opaque for shade and weather protection and to mitigate bird collisions.
- Pedestrian scale lighting must be Dark Sky Compliant in accordance with EC 5.3, directed downward and includes fixtures such as bollards or lower-scale pole fixtures along pedestrian routes. For details on pedestrian scale exterior lighting design strategies that minimize light pollution, refer to the Best Practices for Effective Lighting.