You may experience changes in how often and long your child breastfeeds. Your breast milk will change based on your growing child’s needs.
During the early days after birth, some babies and mothers need time to learn to breastfeed. The following information can support you with breastfeeding.
In the first few days you will produce breast milk (colostrum) that is thick like honey and yellow in colour. This breast milk is very high in calories and you may produce a very small amount (but it is all your baby needs).
As you continue to breastfeed over the next few days, your breast milk will become more white in colour, increase in amount and meet all your baby’s nutritional needs.
Note: Having your baby breastfeed well and often in the first six weeks will help you to build a healthy breast milk supply. Contact us if you have concerns about your breast milk supply.
Babies will let you know when they are hungry; the following are signs that your baby is hungry and needs to breastfeed. Your baby:
Breastfeed your baby when baby is calm and before baby is too hungry and crying.
Video: Baby’s Feeding Cues and Behaviours (02:16). Reproduced by permission of Healthy Families BC
Growth spurts are the times your baby grows more quickly and will need more breast milk. These spurts occur frequently in the first few weeks. Breastfeeding patterns change as your baby grows. In the first 6 weeks, your baby will need to breastfeed often.
Note: If your baby is not waking up for feeds and/or not breastfeeding well, visit your doctor or one of our Breastfeeding Clinics for support.
Health Canada recommends giving all healthy breastfed babies a daily Vitamin D supplement (10 µg or 400IU), starting from birth to two years of age.
The following information may be helpful during these breastfeeding months.
An older child takes breast milk faster than a newborn. Continue to listen for swallows and look for signs that your baby is breastfeeding well.
Growth spurts are the times your child grows more quickly and will need more breast milk. These spurts occur frequently in the first few months. During these times breastfeed more often when your baby seems hungry. Your breast milk supply will increase.
Your baby’s weight gain changes over time. Your baby should gain at least 20-35 grams (2/3-1 1/4 oz) a day in the first three to four months of age. After four months your baby will gain weight at a slower rate. If you have concerns about your baby’s weight gain, please talk to your health care provider.
Your breasts may feel softer as you continue breastfeeding. You will still make enough breast milk.
As you continue to adjust to your life with your new baby, you might find yourself also increasing your daily activities and/or routines. If you plan to be away from your baby, you may wish to express your breast milk. Your baby’s caregiver can give your expressed breast milk by feeding your baby with a bottle.
You have given your baby the best possible start by breastfeeding for the first six months. You may want to continue to breastfeed your child for two years or longer. There is no right time to stop. You may get pressure from family and friends to stop breastfeeding, but family and friends can also make breastfeeding a success. It may also help to speak with a Public Health Nurse and other breastfeeding mothers.
It is okay to breastfeed even when your child is getting teeth.
An older baby becomes more interested in the world around them and can get distracted easily. A quiet place with less distractions may keep their attention on breastfeeding.
Extra iron is needed at 6 months; it is time to add solid foods. For more information, see Best Start’s Feeding Your Baby: From six months to one year.
Sometimes a child who has been breastfeeding well suddenly refuses to breastfeed. This is not the same as natural weaning.
To help your child to return to the breast:
If your breasts are getting too full, you can express some breast milk for comfort. You can offer some expressed breast milk from a cup.
Balancing family and work or school will require some planning.
You can breastfeed when you are pregnant.
You can breastfeed an older child and a new baby, either together or at different times.