If you have made an informed decision to feed your baby infant formula the following information can help you prepare infant formula safely.

Infant formula comes in 3 forms:

  • Powder
  • Liquid concentrate
  • Ready-to feed

It is important to give your baby iron fortified infant formula. Instructions are different for each kind of infant formula.  Be sure to read the direction on the label.

Talk to your baby’s health care provider first before changing formula.

To learn how to:

Powdered infant formula is not sterile and may contain bacteria that is harmful to very young babies. It is best NOT to give powdered formula to babies under 2 months of age.

Check expiry date on each can.  Do not use after this expiry date. Make sure the cans are clean and have no dents. Cover opened cans of powdered infant formula with plastic lid. Store in a cool, dry place. Use within 1 month.

1.washing hands with water and soap
Disinfect counter and wash hands with soap and water.
2.sterilized equipment on top of a clean paper towel
Have sterilized equipment ready on a clean paper towel (see How to sterilize equipment).
3.Boil water on stove for 2 minute
Run cold tap water for at least 2 minutes. Bring water to a rolling boil for 2 minutes. Let it cool and use within 30 minutes.
4.read can label
Read the label. It will tell you how much water and powder to use. Wash top of can with warm water.
5.pouring liquid into bottle
Pour the amount of boiled water needed into a sterilized bottle.
6.measure a full scoop powdered formula and add to bottle of water
Fill scoop from can with powder. Level with a sterilized knife. Add the powder to the water.
7.using tongs to ick up nipple, rim and cap and put on bottle
Pick up nipple, rim and cap with sterilized tongs and put on bottle. Then tighten with your hands.
8.shaking bottle to mix
Shake bottle to mix. (If there is
clumping, use sterilized utensils to stir the formula.)
9.cooling bottle under running water
Quickly cool bottle under cold running water or in a container of cold water.
 10.check milk temperature on wrist
Check temperature on your wrist. It should feel lukewarm.
 11.adult feeding baby with bottle
 12.pouring bottle leftover in the drain
Throw away what your baby does not drink within 2 hours.

 

 

Contact us if you have questions about breastfeeding your baby.

Powdered infant formula is not sterile and may contain bacteria that is harmful to very young babies. It is best NOT to give powdered formula to babies under 2 months of age.

Check expiry date on each can.  Do not use after this expiry date. Make sure the cans are clean and have no dents. Cover opened cans of powdered infant formula with plastic lid. Store in a cool, dry place. Use within 1 month.

1.washing hands with water and soap
Disinfect counter and wash hands with soap and water.
2.sterilized equipment on top of a clean paper towel
Have sterilized equipment ready on a clean paper towel (see How to sterilize equipment).
3.Boil water on stove for 2 minute
Run cold tap water for at least 2 minutes. Bring water to a rolling boil for 2 minutes. Let it cool and use within 30 minutes.
4.read label and wash can with water
Read the label. It will tell you how much water and powder to use. Wash top of can with warm water.
5.shake can before open can
Shake can. Open with sterile can opener.
6.pour water into measuring cup
Pour boiled water into glass measuring cup.
7.pour liquid formula into measuring cup
Add an equal amount of liquid concentrate formula to the boiled water. Be sure to measure carefully.Stir well with sterile fork.
8.pour formula from measuring cup to bottle
Pour amount of infant formula for one feeding into each bottle (use glass if possible).
9.using tongs to ick up nipple, rim and cap and put on bottle
Pick up nipples, rims and caps with sterile tongs and put on bottles. Then tighten with your hands.
10.shake bottle and cool it under cold tap water
Shake bottle well. Cool bottle under cold running water.
11.put bottles in refrigerator
Put bottles in refrigerator. Use within 24 hours.
12.put tightly cover open can in refrigerator
Tightly cover open can and put in refrigerator. Use within 48 hours.

 

Contact us if you have questions about breastfeeding your baby.

Powdered infant formula is not sterile and may contain bacteria that is harmful to very young babies. It is best NOT to give powdered formula to babies under 2 months of age.

Check expiry date on each can.  Do not use after this expiry date. Make sure the cans are clean and have no dents. Cover opened cans of powdered infant formula with plastic lid. Store in a cool, dry place. Use within 1 month.

1.washing hands with water and soap
Disinfect counter and wash hands with soap and water.
2.sterilized equipment on top of a clean paper towel
Have sterilized equipment ready on a clean paper towel (see How to sterilize equipment).
3.can of formula
Read label
4.washing can
Wash top of can with warm water.
5.shake can before open can
Shake can. Open with sterile can opener.
6.pour formula from measuring cup to bottle
Pour amount of infant formula for one feeding into each bottle (use glass if possible). DO NOT ADD WATER.
7.using tongs to ick up nipple, rim and cap and put on bottle
Pick up nipples, rims and caps with sterile tongs and put on bottles. Then tighten with your hands.
8.put bottles in refrigerator
Put bottles in refrigerator. Use within 24 hours.
9.put tightly cover open can in refrigerator
Pick up nipples, rims and caps with sterile tongs and put on bottles. Then tighten with your hands.

 

Contact us if you have questions about breastfeeding your baby.

Tips for Mixing Infant Formula

  • Tap water in Toronto is safe to use
  • Run cold water for at least 2 minutes
  • Use approved filter to remove lead if you have lead pipes or alternatively you can use bottled spring water.  Call 416-338-7600 for more information
  • Do not use carbonated, distilled or mineral water
  • Always boil the water and use within 30 minutes
  • If you use automatic electric kettle to boil the water, wait until it switches off
  • Always sterilize equipment for each feeding
  • Sterilize the equipment until 1 year of age
  • Use glass bottles if possible
  • Read the directions on the label and measure carefully. It could harm your baby if you add too little or too much water

Tips for Storing Prepared Infant Formula for Later Use

  • If more than one bottle is prepared, they should be placed in refrigerator.
  • Use prepared bottles within 24 hours.
  • Do not freeze any kind of infant formula. Freezing changes the fat in infant formula.
  • If going away from home, take the prepared bottle out of the refrigerator and place in a cooler bag with ice packs.
  • Re-warm and use the formula within 2 hours.

Throw away any formula that is left at room temperature within 2 hours.