1. Food Temperature Control

  • Keep cold food below 4°C/40°F
  • Keep hot food above 60°C/140°F
  • Keep frozen  foods frozen
  • Provide accurate indicating thermometers  in all temperature controlled units such as refrigerators, freezers, and hot-holding units

Toronto Public Health has some additional resources regarding specific food processes.

2. Protect Food from Contamination

  • Store cooked and ready-to-eat food items on shelves above raw food
  • Cover food with Iids or plastic wrap
  • Use proper utensils to reduce direct hand contact with prepared food
  • Use water that is safe to drink for food preparation
  • Label chemicals and pesticides and store them away from food and food preparation areas
  • Keep all food items off the floor on shelves, racks or pallets

3. Employee Hygiene & Hand-washing

  • Provide hot and cold running water, soap in a dispenser and paper towels, or a cloth roller towel in a mechanical device and a supply of paper towels at all hand-wash basins
  • Use hand-wash basins only for hand-washing and not for food preparation or dish-washing
  • Wash hands thoroughly before and after handling food
  • Wear clean outer garments and hair constraints

4. Maintenance and Sanitation of Food Contact Surfaces & Equipment

  • Use detergent and water followed by sanitizing solution of 2 ml of household bleach per 1 L of water
  • Follow manufacturers’ directions for aII other types of sanitizers
  • Keep all food contact surfaces clean and in good condition
  • Discard and replace cracked utensils or deeply grooved food contact surfaces
  • Wash all utensils, dishes, and equipment either by hand using the two or three sink method (wash-rinse-sanitize) or in a mechanical dishwasher as required

Toronto Public Health has some additional resources regarding cleaning and sanitation of food contact equipment.

5. Maintenance and Sanitation of Non-food Contact Surfaces & Equipment

  • Keep surfaces clean
  • Keep floors, walls, and ceilings clean and in good repair
  • All surfaces must be smooth, non-absorbent, and easy to clean
  • Provide adequate Iighting as per the Ontario Building Code
  • Maintain adequate levels of ventilation
  • Ensure proper operation and maintenance of mechanical dishwasher and other equipment

6. Maintenance and Sanitation of Washrooms

  • Keep washrooms, toilets, and change rooms clean at all times
  • Provide toilet paper and a garbage container, as well as a constant supply of hot and cold running water, soap in a dispenser and either a cloth roller towel in a mechanical device, a supply of  paper towels,  a supply of clean single service towels or a hot air dryer at the hand-wash basin
  • Keep floors, walls, and ceilings clean

7. Storage & Removal of Waste

  • Remove solid and liquid waste from the food preparation area on a daily basis or more often if necessary
  • Store waste in a sanitary manner
  • Waste receptacles must be leak-proof, pest-proof, non-absorbent, and have tight fitting lids

8. Pest Control

  • Cover any openings in order to prevent pests from entering the food premises
  • Eliminate any food or water sources for pests
  • Consider obtaining a contract with a licensed pest control operator
  • Ensure pest control records are available onsite for the last 12 months

Toronto Public Health has some additional resources regarding pest control in food premises.