Red Light Cameras
A red light camera is a type of traffic enforcement camera that captures an image of a vehicle which has entered an intersection in spite of the traffic signal indicating red (during the red phase). By automatically photographing vehicles that run red lights, the photo is evidence that assists authorities in their enforcement of traffic laws. Generally the camera is triggered when a vehicle enters the intersection (passes the stop-bar) after the traffic signal has turned red.
Currently, there are over 150 red light cameras operated by the participating municipalities. In Toronto alone, 77 red light cameras are in operation. Changing driver behaviour, reducing collisions and saving lives are the key reasons the cameras are used.
A new five year Red Light Camera Program began in January 2017. As a result, there will be 76 new sites constructed at locations throughout the City. As part of the efforts within the Vision Zero Road Safety Plan, Transportation Services will also be reassessing each of the existing 77 red light camera locations to determine whether or not each specific site should remain in operation. The assessment will be based on a review of the latest collision data as well as a review of the proposed road safety improvements surrounding each of the existing sites. The assessment may also include the addition of new red light camera sites to supplement the Road Safety Plan’s designated pedestrian, senior and/or school safety zones.
Red light cameras are currently at the following intersections:
|Adelaide St.||Spadina Ave.|
|Albion Rd.||Finch Ave.|
|Albion Rd.||Silverstone Dr.|
|Bathurst St.||Davenport Rd.|
|Bathurst St.||Sheppard Ave.|
|Bayview Ave.||Cummer Ave.|
|Bayview Ave.||Fifeshire Rd./Truman Rd.|
|Birchmount Rd.||Huntingwood Dr.|
|Bloor St.||Dundas St.|
|Bloor St.||Ossington Ave.|
|Bloor St.||The West Mall|
|Burnhamthorpe Rd.||The East Mall|
|College St.||Bathurst St.|
|Danforth Ave.||Birchmount Rd.|
|Danforth Ave.||Greenwood Ave.|
|Danforth Rd.||Birchmount Rd.|
|Dixon Rd.||Carlingview Dr.|
|Dixon Rd.||Kipling Ave.|
|Dufferin St.||Glencairn Ave|
|Dupont St.||Lansdowne Ave.|
|Dundas St.||Jarvis St.|
|Eastern Ave.||Coxwell Ave.|
|Eglinton Ave.||Birchmount Rd.|
|Eglinton Ave.||Bermondsey Rd. / Sloane Ave.|
|Eglinton Ave.||Mount Pleasant Rd.|
|Eglinton Ave.||Spadina Rd.|
|Eglinton Ave.||Victoria Park Ave.|
|Ellesmere Rd.||Kennedy Rd.|
|Ellesmere Rd.||Military Trail|
|Finch Ave.||Leslie St.|
|Finch Ave.||Willowdale Ave.|
|Islington Ave.||The Westway|
|Jane St.||Clair Rd. / Spenvalley Dr.|
|Jane St.||Bala Ave. / Emmett Ave.|
|Jarvis St.||King St.|
|Keele St.||Lawrence Ave.|
|Keele St.||Wilson Ave.|
|Keele St.||Rogers Rd.|
|Kingston Rd.||Port Union Rd. / Sheppard Ave.|
|Kipling Ave.||Horner Ave.|
|Lower Jarvis St.||The Esplanade|
|Lake Shore Blvd.||Leslie St.|
|Lake Shore Blvd.||Carlaw Ave.|
|Lake Shore Blvd.||Thirty Seventh St.|
|Lake Shore Blvd. W/B||York St.|
|Lake Shore Blvd.||Windermere Ave.|
|Lawrence Ave.||Bathurst St.|
|Lawrence Ave.||Bellamy Rd.|
|Lawrence Ave.||Don Mills Rd.|
|Lawrence Ave.||Morningside Ave.|
|Lawrence Ave.||Marlee Ave.|
|Leslie St.||Lawrence Ave.|
|Leslie St.||York Mills Rd.|
|Midland Ave.||McNicoll Ave.|
|Midland Ave.||Progress Ave.|
|O’ Connor Dr.||Bermondsey Rd. / Yardley Ave.|
|Overlea Blvd.||Beth Nealson Dr. / Thorncliffe Park Dr.|
|Queen St.||Jameson Ave. / Landsdowne Ave.|
|Queen St.||Woodbine Ave.|
|Richmond St.||Parliament St.|
|Sheppard Ave.||Keele St.|
|Sheppard Ave.||Malvern St. / Progress Ave.|
|Sheppard Ave.||Neilson Rd.|
|Sheppard Ave.||Wilson Heights Blvd.|
|St. Clair Ave.||Brimley Rd.|
|Steeles Ave.||Birchmount Rd.|
|Steeles Ave.||Brimley Rd.|
|Steeles Ave.||Carpenter Rd.|
|Steeles Ave.||Hilda Ave.|
|Steeles Ave.||Islington Ave.|
|The Queensway||North Queen St.|
|The Queensway||The West Mall|
|Warden Ave.||Arkona Dr. / Cloverleaf Gt.|
|Warden Ave.||Comstock Rd.|
|Warden Ave.||McNicoll Ave.|
|Wilson Ave.||Transit Rd.|
|Yonge St.||Lawrence Ave.|
Statistics collected from the five municipalities suggest that drivers are getting the message that running a red light is dangerous and they are stopping for red lights. Collisions resulting in deaths and personal injuries have been reduced by more than 25 per cent and those resulting in property damage are down almost 18 per cent as a result of red light camera enforcement.
Taking a closer look at the City of Toronto locations, the number of angle collisions (those most indicative of red light running) causing death, injury or property damage have been reduced by over 60 percent.
Red light running is a serious issue in our community. Over 40 per cent of fatalities at signalized intersections are attributed to red light running. Statistics indicate that red light cameras provide a safety benefit since collisions and injuries have been reduced at intersections where cameras are used.
- Motorists already in an intersection when the signal changes to red (when waiting to turn, for example) are not red light runners.
- Red light cameras do not replace police officers. The red light cameras are being used to complement police efforts in preventing motorists from running a red light. Stepped-up police enforcement is a substantial component of the project.
- Cameras are set so that only those vehicles that enter an intersection after the light has turned red are photographed. Vehicles that enter on yellow and are within the intersection when the light changes to red are not photographed. The program is intended to photograph vehicles that enter an intersection after the signal has turned red.
- Trained officers review every picture to verify vehicle information and ensure that the vehicle is in violation. Tickets are mailed to vehicle owners only in cases where it is clear that the vehicle ran the red light.
- The registered license plate holder receives the ticket, regardless of who was driving the vehicle.
- In consultation with the Privacy Commissioner, every attempt has been made to minimize capturing members of the public in the photos. In the event that members of the public are inadvertently captured on film, it will not be possible to identify them from the photos included on the tickets.
- A red light camera system costs approximately $100,000.
- Traffipax is the system supplier for red light cameras.
- The camera is an industrial 35-mm camera, manufactured particularly for unattended operation in an outdoor environment. The cameras are housed in a ½ metre x ½ metre x ½ metre enclosure and are mounted on a pole, 20 metres in advance of the intersection. They are mounted approximately 3.6 metres above the ground.
- Photographic detection devices are used extensively in many other countries including Australia, Austria, Belgium, Germany, Israel, the Netherlands, Singapore, South Africa, Switzerland, Taiwan, the United Kingdom and the United States. Cameras are also used in British Columbia and Alberta, Manitoba and Quebec.
As of January 1, 2010 the set fine for running a red light detected by a camera system was increased to $260, plus a $60 victim surcharge and a $5 court cost. The total payable is now $325. Prior to this increase, the set fine was $155, plus a $35 victim surcharge, for a total payable of $180. Demerit points are not issued with violations detected by the red light camera system.
The set fine for running a red light when caught by a police officer is also $325.00, however failing to stop for a red light where a police officer issues a ticket results in three demerit points.
- In December 1998, the provincial government enacted Bill 102, Red Light Cameras Pilot Projects Act, 1998, to allow designated municipalities to use red light cameras for up to two years following date of proclamation
- A pilot project followed which included six municipalities – the Cities of Toronto, Hamilton and Ottawa and the Regional Municipalities of Halton, Peel and Waterloo
- 70 intersections were selected for the pilot project (38 in Toronto)
- 18 cameras were rotated throughout the 70 intersections during the pilot project (10 cameras rotated among 38 intersections in Toronto)
- Installation of the cameras is part of a program aimed at improving safety for all road users by reducing red light running at intersections
- Cameras photograph vehicles that enter the intersection after the traffic signal turns red
- Municipalities are committed to improving traffic safety for the travelling public
- The City of Toronto’s cost for the pilot project was over $7 million
- In August 2004, the province passed legislation allowing the six municipalities to operate red light cameras indefinitely
- In June 2007, the provincial government amended the Regulations under the Highway Traffic Act, to permit designated municipalities to use additional cameras at designated locations
- Currently there are 205 intersections (77 in Toronto)
- In January 2010, the Province of Ontario increased the fine for red light running from $180.00 to $325.00, recognizing that seriousness and often consequences of red light running
- In January 2017, the program was reauthorized to add over 70 new cameras over the next 5 years.