Manufactured treatment devices (MTDs) are devices that may be used in stormwater management plans to specifically target the treatment and removal of pollutants from stormwater runoff to achieve regulatory water quality objectives.
The purpose of the design criteria for MTDs is to ensure continual improvement of stormwater management in the city by providing a consistent basis for evaluating MTD designs and performance claims.
The design criteria for MTDs replace the guidance on oil-grit separators (OGSs), as previously detailed in the City of Toronto’s Wet Weather Flow Management Guidelines (WWFMG). All other requirements of the WWFMG will continue to apply.
The design criteria for manufactured treatment devices (MTDs) will be applied to all Stormwater Management Report submissions to the City. It will be optional until March 31, 2023. During this phase-in period, new development applications with a submission date up to March 31, 2023 can use either the new design criteria for MTDs or Sections 18.104.22.168 (3) and Appendix B of the Wet Weather Flow Management Guideline. As of April 1, 2023, only the new design criteria will be applied to Stormwater Management Reports submitted in connection with new development applications received by the City and dated on or after April 1, 2023.
The design criteria for manufactured treatment devices (MTDs) apply to all Stormwater Management (SWM) Reports submitted to the City as part of Terms of References for new development applications, applications for storm connection exemptions under the Toronto Municipal Code (Chapter 681 – Sewers), and applications requiring Environmental Compliance Approvals (ECA) under the applicable approvals framework from the Ministry of Environment, Conservation and Parks (MECP).
Only the following types of MTDs, as classified and defined by Environmental Technology Verification (ETV) Canada (Bulletin CETV 2022-02-0001), can be proposed to meet water quality control targets (i.e., suspended solids removal) of the City’s Wet Weather Flow Management Guideline:
MTDs (other than OGSs and filter devices), including inlet pre-treatment devices (e.g. catch basin inserts/retrofit installations), may only be used as best management practices to protect or optimize operations and maintenance of downstream drainage or stormwater management infrastructure. These MTDs will not be credited for suspended solids removal for water quality compliance.
Stormwater Management Reports proposing the use of oil-grit separators (OGSs) will be required to meet the minimum design criteria below.
The OGS will be laboratory tested in accordance with the Procedure for Laboratory Testing of Oil-Grit Separators (TRCA/CETV Program) testing protocol and will have current and valid ISO14034: Environmental Technology Verification (ETV).
Design treatment flows to the OGS will be estimated based on the Rational Method using design rainfall intensities that correspond to percent average annual rainfall volumes.
|Percentage of Cumulative Annual Volume Captured||Percentage of Incremental Annual Volume||Design Intensity
Data is sourced from design intensities derived based on 60-min aggregate time duration using five-minute interval rainfall time series data (>1 mm/hr) from 1991 Rain Gauge 4 – Central Station, City of Toronto (Wet Weather Flow Master Plan).
The OGS will be sized to target a maintenance interval of one year based on the accumulated annual sediment loading (average event mean concentration of 200 mg/L; sediment wet density of 1230 g/m3) generated from the average annual precipitation volume (840 mm).
Stormwater Management Reports proposing the use of filter devices will be required to meet the minimum design criteria below.
The filter device will meet any one of the following conditions:
The design treatment flow to the filter device will be estimated based on the Rational Method using the design rainfall intensity required for 90 per cent average annual rainfall volume capture.
The filter device will be sized to target a maintenance interval of one year.
Where manufactured treatment devices (MTDs) are proposed in a stormwater management plan, the following minimum MTD-specific data and information will be attached, as part of the Stormwater Management Report submission for City review and acceptance:
Manufactured Treatment Device Summary Form, including supporting documentation.
Operations and Maintenance Manual – For MTDs proposed within public property, content must include, but not be limited to, the following:
Operations and Maintenance
1. Will further feedback or alternate implementation timelines be considered?
The Design Criteria is now finalized and has progressed to its implementation stage. The City initially released proposed guidance on manufactured treatment devices (MTDs) on its official website in late 2019, providing significant lead time for industry to understand key policy changes and adapt ahead of the final December 2022 release of the Design Criteria for MTDs. Feedback from regulatory agencies, industry experts, manufacturers and suppliers has been best incorporated in this final release to provide greater document clarity and usability in implementation.
2. Was the Design Criteria developed in accordance with Ministry of Environment, Conservation & Parks (MECP) guidelines?
The Design Criteria was developed to be consistent with MECP guidance on MTDs stemming from the Stormwater Management Planning and Design Manual (March 2003) and with MECP authorization conditions for stormwater management systems from the upcoming Consolidated Linear Infrastructure Environmental Compliance Approvals permissions framework.
3. Does the Design Criteria apply to both public and private projects?
Yes, the Design Criteria applies to manufactured treatment devices (MTDs) proposed for private projects, as well as those proposed for installation on City property. The City reserves the right to reject MTDs proposed on City property based on site-specific operational and asset management constraints.
4. Are revisions being proposed to the stormwater quality control target of 80% total suspended solids removal from the Wet Weather Flow Management Guidelines (WWFMG)?
Revisions are not proposed at this time. The Design Criteria only replace Sections 22.214.171.124(3) and Appendix B of the WWFMG as they relate to the design of manufactured treatment devices. All other guidance contained in the WWFMG, including stormwater management control targets, remain valid.
5. Will other manufactured treatment devices (MTDs), such as pre-treatment devices, be accepted when they have ISO14034: ETV verification statements?
Performance claims of MTDs (including pre-treatment devices) with ISO14034: ETV verification statements alone will not be recognized for stormwater quality control. The City will only recognize performance claims for stormwater quality control from MTDs (i.e., oil-grit separators and filter devices) which have been tested using well-established, standard laboratory and field-testing protocols; and have been third-party verified/certified, as described in the Design Criteria.
At the discretion of the applicant and property owner, pre-treatment devices may be proposed in addition to MTDs to optimize operations and maintenance of other stormwater management measures. These devices can provide protection of the treatment system but cannot be considered as a treatment system intended to achieve City stormwater quality objectives.
6. Does the Design Criteria apply to treatment technologies such as bio-retention features?
The Design Criteria applies only to manufactured treatment devices, specifically oil-grit separators and filter devices proposed to meet stormwater quality objectives identified in a Stormwater Management Report. The design of treatment technologies, such as low development impact and/or green infrastructure features (e.g., bio-retention) are beyond the scope of the Design Criteria and subject to other applicable regulatory guidance.
7. Why has the City adopted field-testing protocols for filter devices?
The performance testing protocols adopted for both oil-grit separators and filter devices were informed by guidance from local regulatory agencies and independent, third-party, peer-reviewed recommendations (ETV-Bulletin-CETV-2022-02-0001).
For filter devices specifically, field-testing protocols were adopted to best assess performance claims that account for impacts of filter clogging and flow restriction from non-silica-based cohesive sediments, simulated under “real-world” urban runoff conditions.
8. Can hydrologic modelling be used to determine design treatment flows instead of the Rational Method?
The Rational Method has been adopted to ensure a conservative and standard approach for sizing manufactured treatment devices (MTDs) across all application types. For larger sites greater than 2 hectares, applicants may delineate smaller sub-catchment areas draining to MTDs and apply the Rational Method for sizing. Hydrological modelling or detention routing will not be accepted for the sizing of specific MTDs but may be used for modelling/sizing of other stormwater management features.
9. Does the 1991 rainfall data provide appropriate design storm information to size manufactured treatments devices (MTDs)?
Typical return-period “design storms” used in peak flow estimations are not appropriate for sizing MTDs, which target stormwater runoff from “first flush”, lower intensity rainfall events. As per the Wet Weather Flow Management Guidelines (2006), 1991 is the representative year for average annual rainfall conditions that govern stormwater balance and stormwater quality control targets for the City. Therefore, the design rainfall intensity data in the Design Criteria provides a reasonable and standard basis to determine design treatment flows for stormwater quality control via the Rational Method. Note that the design rainfall intensities derived from the 1991 data are comparable to those analyzed using longer-term, multi-year rainfall data.
10. Are there any calculation tools to evaluate performance claims from oil-grit separators?
Applicants are responsible for ensuring that any third-party calculation tools (e.g., TRCA-STEPP OGS Review Sheet) proposed for use in performance evaluation, sizing, and decision-making, meet all requirements of the Design Criteria, and verified for accuracy of data and methodology.
11. Will the City recognize oil-grit separator (OGS) performance claims greater than 50% total suspended solids (TSS) removal?
The City will credit the evaluated performance claim (e.g., percentage TSS removal) from a proposed OGS device when it is designed in accordance with the requirements of the Design Criteria. Depending on site-specific conditions, this may be lower or higher than 50%. A default 50% TSS removal credit for OGS devices will no longer be applicable.
12. Is the minimum rainfall capture requirement a proposed change to Washington state Technology Assessment Protocol – Ecology (TAPE) field testing protocols?
The City is not proposing changes to the TAPE field-testing protocols. However, the Design Criteria requires applicants to conduct a conditional check of TAPE tested rainfall events to ensure results from TAPE certifications are applicable to the City’s climate.
13. How should filter devices be sized to ensure a target maintenance interval of 1 year?
It is recognized that maintenance intervals differ between filter devices and can vary depending on site-specific characteristic. As such, the City will rely on the proposed filter device to be designed for a 1-year maintenance interval, as determined and recommended by the manufacturer.
14. Will there be a pre-approved list of manufactured treatment devices (MTDs), requiring manufacturers to apply/register for?
No. The City does not require, endorse, or approve the exclusive use of any individual MTD products or brands. The selection of any MTD in a Stormwater Management Report is solely at the discretion of the professional engineer responsible for the report’s preparation, on behalf of their client/applicant and subject to compliance with Wet Weather Flow Management Guidelines (2006) and the Design Criteria for MTDs.
15. Will the manufactured treatment device design drawings need to be sealed separately from the Stormwater Management Report seal?
The City does not regulate Professional Engineer sealing responsibilities. Please refer to relevant guidelines from Professional Engineers Ontario to understand assumed responsibilities from the use of the Professional Engineer seal.