City Council has directed City Planning to report on options and a timeline to increase housing options and planning permissions in areas of Toronto designated as Neighbourhoods in the Official Plan. As part of the same motion, City Council has asked City Planning to explore opportunities for a Missing Middle pilot area in Ward 19, Beaches-East York, in consultation with the local Councillor. City Planning is conducting preliminary consultation with registered community associations and the Toronto Planning Review Panel.
Areas designated Neighbourhoods are coloured yellow on Toronto’s land use map and are sometimes referred to as the “Yellowbelt.” Designated Neighbourhoods make up over 35% of Toronto’s total land area. The “Missing Middle” refers to housing forms that range from duplexes to low-rise walk-up apartments, all of which can be found in many parts of Toronto today, but which are also limited in where they can be located.
Missing Middle housing forms are one solution among a range of City initiatives to increase housing choice and access and create a more equitable, sustainable city.
The following graphics show how much of the City of Toronto’s total area is in each Official Plan land use designation and Zoning By-law zone category. One square represents one percent of the City of Toronto’s area.
|Official Plan – Land Use Designation||Area (square kilometres)||Percentage of City of Toronto Land Area|
|Other Open Space Areas (including Golf Courses, Cemeteries, Public Utilities)||22.6||3.6%|
|Mixed Use Areas||32.9||5.2%|
|Core Employment Areas||60.7||9.6%|
|General Employment Areas||21.2||3.3%|
|Special Study Areas||0.1||0.0%|
|Lands not subject to Official Plan Land Use Designation (e.g. roads)||125.0||19.7%|
|Total City of Toronto Land Area||634.0||100.0%|
|Zoning By-law – Zone Category||Area (square kilometers)||Percentage of City of Toronto Area|
|Utility and Transportation||33.0||5.1%|
|Commercial, Commercial Residential & Commercial Residential Employment||38.2||5.9%|
|Total City of Toronto Area||644.5||100.0%|
Although zoning by-laws must generally conform to the Official Plan, the exact breakdown of land areas in land use designations and zone categories varies due to differences in how these areas are drawn and measured. For example, Official Plan land use designations do not include rights-of-way, whereas zones are based on property boundaries extended to the centreline of adjacent streets.
The graphic below illustrates the percentage of the City of Toronto’s total area subject to Residential zoning (47.1%). On its own, the Residential Detached (RD) zone makes up 31.3% of the city’s total area. 15.8% of the city’s total area consists of Residential zones (R, RS, RT and RM zones), most of which permit a variety of Missing Middle housing forms. Secondary suites are permitted in all Residential zones.