Toronto’s first Electric Vehicle (EV) Strategy, approved by City Council in January 2020, identifies actions that the City can pursue to support the transition to electric light-duty vehicles (cars, vans, trucks and SUVs, for personal and shared use). More information is in the “Electric Vehicle Strategy” tab below.
The City is supporting the transition to electric vehicles, including supporting EV charging in homes and workplaces and the development of a robust public EV charging network. This City is also demonstrating leadership by electrifying its own fleet and transit vehicles. Please see the tabs below for more information.
Approximately 35 per cent of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in Toronto comes from on-road transportation (cars, trucks, vans, and buses) with passenger cars and trucks responsible for more than a quarter (26 per cent) of Toronto’s GHG emissions. This means that switching from fossil fuel-powered vehicles to electric vehicles is important for reducing GHG emissions in Toronto and meeting the City’s goal of achieving net zero GHG emissions by 2040.
Electric vehicles have other benefits, too. They cost less to operate and don’t have tailpipe emissions, helping to reduce air pollution. They are also quiet, helping to reduce noise pollution.
More information about EVs is available on the Plug’n Drive website. You can test-drive an EV and learn more about EVs at the Electric Vehicle Discovery Centre. Plug’n Drive is a non-profit organization committed to accelerating the adoption of electric vehicles in order to maximize their environmental and economic benefits.
Toronto’s first Electric Vehicle (EV) Strategy was approved by City Council on January 29, 2020.
With a focus on the electrification of passenger vehicles (cars, vans, trucks and SUVs) the Strategy identifies 10 actions the City can take to: increase charging availability, address cost and convenience barriers, increase public awareness and education, and create economic opportunities that will benefit the local economy. Passenger cars and trucks accounted for about 26 per cent of GHG emissions in Toronto in 2019.
Read the EV Strategy Staff Report for more information.
The City contracted Pollution Probe and The Delphi Group to lead the development of a comprehensive review of the current electric mobility landscape, existing policies, barriers and opportunities, best practice, convene key stakeholders and assess these findings to create a baseline. The assessment phase report was used to inform the Strategy actions.
The City engaged the public and stakeholders through multiple workshops and a public online survey to help co-create the Electric Vehicle Strategy.
Learn more: Electric Vehicle Strategy Consultation Summary
TransformTO is Toronto’s ambitious climate action strategy. Unanimously approved by City Council in July 2017, it includes a set of long-term, low-carbon goals and strategies to reduce local greenhouse gas emissions and improve our health, grow our economy, and improve social equity.
On October 2, 2019, City Council voted unanimously to declare a climate emergency and accelerate efforts to mitigate and adapt to climate change, adopting a stronger emissions reduction target of net zero by 2050 or sooner.
Toronto’s TransformTO Net Zero Strategy – which identifies a pathway to reach net zero emissions by 2040 – was adopted by Toronto City Council on December 15, 2021.
On-road transportation accounts for about 35 per cent of the greenhouse gas emissions in Toronto today. Achieving Toronto’s GHG emissions reduction targets will require us to move towards more sustainable modes of transportation.
To ensure that Toronto is on track to reach net zero by 2040, the Net Zero Strategy identifies actions and targets to be achieved by 2030 in key sectors. The 2030 goals for Transportation are:
The Government of Canada provides incentives of up to $5,000 for consumers who buy or lease an eligible ZEV.
EV drivers in Ontario qualify for $1,000 toward the purchase of a used fully electric vehicle. This incentive is offered by Plug’n Drive, in collaboration with Clean Air Partnership. Learn more about the used EV incentive.
EV drivers in Ontario who receive the Used EV Incentive can also receive the Scrappage Incentive by recycling their old gas car. Combined, that’s up to $2,000 toward the purchase of a used EV. Learn more about the scrappage incentive.
Funding is available to help offset the cost of installing EV charging infrastructure in multi-unit residential buildings and workplaces:
The City of Toronto offers low-interest loans to home and building owners to cover the cost of a variety of improvements, including EV charging stations.
To help ensure that new buildings in Toronto are ready to meet EV charging needs in the future as people switch to electric vehicles, the Toronto Green Standard and the Toronto Zoning Bylaw include requirements for EV charging infrastructure in new buildings. For more information:
As an initial step in deployment of on-street public EV charging, Toronto Hydro and Transportation Services partnered to install 17 EV charging devices on nine streets across the city for a 12-month pilot period beginning October 1, 2020. In January 2022, City Council approved an extension of the pilots and directed that 17 or more on-street charging stations be installed in 2022. Work is currently underway with project partners and it is anticipated that those new on-street charging stations will be installed by Q4 2022.
Toronto Parking Authority (TPA) is developing an Electric Vehicle (EV) Charging Program that will leverage TPA’s portfolio of 300+ off-street facilities and 20,000 on-street parking spaces to develop a public network of EV charging. TPA is planning to install up to 500 EV chargers at TPA off-street parking facilities by the end of 2024 including a minimum of 50 new charging ports in 2022 alone. This will represent the first phase of TPA’s EV Charging Infrastructure Plan, which will see a comprehensive network of EV infrastructure constructed across TPA’s portfolio of off-street and on-street parking.
Information about TPA’s plans for EV charging is included in the Toronto Parking Authority 2022 Annual Operating Plan.
The City is proposing a framework to develop a city-wide Parking Strategy for Toronto. The Parking Strategy will be a collective effort between several City partners that have mandates requiring innovation related to Toronto’s parking infrastructure. Managing parking effectively is an essential element to succeed in executing major city building objectives, including achieving our climate change goals. Parking for electric vehicles will be a key consideration through the development of the Parking Strategy, including increasing access to on- and off-street charging opportunities, in both residential and commercial areas.
The City will be developing a Public Electric Vehicle Charging Infrastructure Plan to guide provision of public EV charging infrastructure in Toronto over the next 15 to 20 years. The Plan will have three interconnected parts:
The Plan will be developed over 2022-2023 and will involve extensive public and stakeholder consultation. Opportunities to provide input to and feedback on the Plan will be announced on this website and City of Toronto social media.
The City is demonstrating leadership by electrifying City-owned fleet vehicles.
The Sustainable Fleets Plan aims to transition City-Fleets to sustainable, climate resilient, low-carbon operations. The Plan’s key objectives are:
The City is undertaking a major expansion of its corporate EV charging infrastructure to enable and support accelerated transition of City fleets to electric vehicles, and help with broader promotion and adoption of EVs in Toronto and the Greater Toronto and Hamilton region.
The expanded charging station network is expected to have 350 charge ports available by the end of 2022, and 1,200 charge ports by 2025 at more than 100 City locations. The network will also enable the expansion of the City’s workplace charging program, with charging ports accessible to the public where feasible.
Since 2019, the City has been operating a pilot workplace EV charging program at City Hall and Metro Hall.
The Toronto Transit Commission (TTC) Green Bus Program was approved by the TTC Board in November 2017, with the target of procuring only zero-emission buses starting in 2025 and achieving an entirely zero emissions bus fleet by 2040.
Since the Board’s approval of the Green Bus Program, the TTC has procured 310 of the latest clean diesel buses, 255 of latest generation hybrid electric buses (HEV), the City of Toronto’s first 60 battery-electric eBuses, and retrofitted three of TTC’s eight garages with the required eBus charging systems infrastructure. The TTC has gained valuable experience from its last procurement of 255 HEVs and 60 eBuses. The TTC will be applying lessons learned to develop technical and commercial specifications for the next 600 new accessible buses, including 300 HEVs and 300 eBuses, to be delivered in 2022 through early 2025.
In June 2019, the TTC’s first of 60 eBuses entered service. In April 2021, the TTC Board approved the procurement of approximately 300 ebuses between 2023 and 2025, based on available funding.
Since 2017, the TTC has been working in partnership with Toronto Hydro on the installation of required electrification infrastructure for the existing fleet of 60 eBuses. As the TTC continues on its path to full electrification of the bus, Wheel-Trans and non-revenue vehicle fleets, this infrastructure must be expanded accordingly. The TTC is working with Ontario Power Generation and Toronto Hydro to ensure on-time upgrade of the local grid distribution system and implementation of required infrastructure at TTC sites.
Between 2018 and 2019, a total of 255 of the latest generation hybrid diesel-electric buses were procured by TTC. Hybrid diesel-electric buses are equipped with both a clean diesel engine and an electric generator/motor. The on-board batteries, which drive the electric traction motor, are charged by the generator driven by the diesel engine and supplemented by the recovery of braking energy through regenerative braking. The clean diesel engine used on the hybrid buses is smaller in size compared to the engines used in the clean and conventional diesel buses. In addition, these buses have all-electric accessories such as electric power steering, air compressor, power steering, etc. All these features result in reduced fuel consumption and in turn, reduced tailpipe emissions.