News Release
May 7, 2021

Today, the City of Toronto was recognized by Nature Canada for its efforts and leadership in urban bird conservation by being awarded a high-level certification as a bird-friendly city.

Along with several other Canadian cities, Toronto is one of the first to receive this certification under a new program developed by Nature Canada, with the endorsement of Environment and Climate Change Canada.

The awards were announced earlier today, on the eve of World Migratory Bird Day, which is Saturday, May 8.

Toronto has a long history of proactive action with the goal of minimizing the impact of development and light on migratory birds.

In 2006, a staff report was adopted by City Council that directed all City facilities to turn the lights off at night during migratory seasons. It also directed City staff to support the work of the Fatal Light Awareness Program (FLAP), an organization that advocates for the plight of migratory birds. The City has been working with the organization ever since.

In 2007, Toronto was the first city in North America to develop and implement “Bird-Friendly Development Guidelines” to make buildings less dangerous to local and migratory birds. Many cities in Canada and the United States have since followed suit.

In 2010, City Council directed that all new development applications must meet the requirements of the Toronto Green Standard (TGS), which includes many bird-friendly elements drawn from the 2007 Guidelines.

Since then, Toronto has also strengthened the bird-friendly requirements of the TGS by introducing Best Practices for Bird-Friendly Glass (2016) and Best Practices for Effective Lighting (2017)

Most recently, the City led the development of bird-friendly building guidelines for the Canadian Standards Association, leading to a voluntary national standard for bird-friendly buildings that can be adopted by any jurisdiction in Canada.

The City has also developed plans and strategies to protect biodiversity and natural habitat in and around the city, which is essential for birds to thrive as they return to Canadian landscapes during their breeding seasons.

Some of these plans and strategies include:

  • Sustaining and Expanding the Urban Forest: Toronto Strategic Forest Management Plan 2012-2022
  • Toronto Ravine Strategy
  • Toronto Biodiversity Strategy and the Pollinator Protection Strategy
  • Tree Protection Bylaw, Ravine and Natural Feature Protection Bylaw and Pesticide Bylaw protect the urban forest, ravines and natural areas, which are important habitats for bird species.

The City promotes the appreciation of birds through publications such as Birds of Toronto  and every May the City participates in the Toronto Bird Celebration , a two-week celebration of birds, co-hosted by the City and community partners. This year‘s celebration will be virtual. May concludes with the Spring Bird Festival  on Saturday, May 29.

All these factors contributed to the City’s successful application to the Nature Canada to be certified as a bird- friendly city.

Additional information about the Bird-Friendly City program can be found on the Nature Canada website.


“The City of Toronto is extremely proud to receive high-level certification as a bird-friendly city from Nature Canada. We are especially proud that Toronto was the first city in North America to develop and implement guidelines to make buildings less dangerous for migratory birds. Staff have been working hard over the years to make Toronto safer for birds and the hard work has paid off. Congratulations to Nature Canada on its “Bird-Friendly City” initiative which helps us recognize and celebrate specific actions that cities are taking to make urban environments safer for all birds.”

– Mayor John Tory

“Certification is a badge of honor and a source of pride. It tells the world that Toronto is doing the right things to help protect birds and reverse their population declines. This certification strengthens Toronto’s legacy as a champion for bird conservation and celebrates the efforts of local community organizations to protect birds in our own backyards.”

– Councillor Mike Layton (University-Rosedale)

“Thank you to the City staff, volunteers and many partner agencies who have worked to make Toronto safer for migratory birds. I want to specifically acknowledge the Fatal Light Awareness Program for their longstanding partnership with the City. This certification solidifies Toronto’s commitment to bird-friendly development and encourages our ongoing conservation efforts.”

– Councillor Jennifer McKelvie (Scarborough-Rouge Park) Chair of the Infrastructure and Environment Committee

Toronto is home to more than 2.9 million people whose diversity and experiences make this great city Canada’s leading economic engine and one of the world’s most diverse and livable cities. As the fourth largest city in North America, Toronto is a global leader in technology, finance, film, music, culture and innovation, and consistently places at the top of international rankings due to investments championed by its government, residents and businesses. For more information visit the City’s website or follow us on Twitter, Instagram or Facebook.

Media contact: Media Relations,