Help increase us increase Toronto’s tree canopy to 40 per cent.

The City of Toronto owns a portion of land between roadways and private property, known as the public road allowance.

A property owner can submit a tree planting request for the City-owned road allowance in front of their home or business.

Request a City Tree Planting or call 311

The City’s Urban Forestry staff will visit the site to confirm the right tree species and determine the ideal planting location. Tree planting takes place in spring or fall.

Species available for planting on the City’s road allowance are listed in the Street Tree Brochure.

There are many benefits when planting native plants. They have low cost, low maintenance and they can help sustain local ecosystems. Since ecosystems are dependent on environmental conditions such as moisture and light, the species below represents a plant community. Choosing plants from the same community will help them to thrive:

Dry Soil

Full Sun Full Sun to Partial Shade Partial Shade to Shade
black oak (Quercus velutina)

white pine (Pinus strobus)

smooth rose (Rosa blanda)

American bittersweet (Celastrus scandens)

harebell (Campanula rotundifolia)

big bluestem (Andropogon gerardii)

wild bergamot (Monarda fistulosa)

hoary vervain (Verbena stricta)

wild strawberry (Fragaria virginiana)

black oak (Quercus velutina)

white pine (Pinus strobus)

choke cherry (Prunus virginiana)

snowberry (Symphoricarpos alba)

smooth aster (Aster laevis)

common wood sedge (Carex blanda)

foxglove beardtongue (Penstemon digitalis)

cylindric blazing star (Liatris cylindracea)

hairy bush-clover (Lespedeza hirta)


sugar maple (Acer saccharum)

maple-leaf viburnum (Viburnum acerifolium)

round-leaved dogwood (Cornus rugosa)

big-leaved aster (Aster macrophyllus)

bottlebrush grass (Elymus hystrix)

woodland strawberry (Fragaria vesca)

woodland sunflower (Helianthus divaricatus)

zig-zag goldenrod (Solidago flexicaulus)




Average Soil

Full Sun Full Sun to Partial Shade Partial Shade to Shade
trembling aspen (Populus tremuloides)black cherry (Prunus serotina)

grey dogwood (Cornus racemosa)

virgin’s bower ((Clematis virginiana)

new england aster (Aster novaeangliae)

evening primrose (Oenathera biennis)

showy tick trefoil (Desmodiumcanadense)

pale-leaved sunflower (Helianthusstrumosus)

spreading dogbane (Apocynum androsaemifolium)

ironwood (Ostrya viginiana)red oak (Quercus rubra)

Virginia creeper (Parthenocissus vitacea)

smooth Serviceberry (Amelanchier laevis)

wild columbine (Aquilegia canadensis)

common wood sedge (Carex blanda)

Michigan lily (Lilium michiganense)

wild geranium (Geranium maculatum)

starry false solomon’s seal (Maianthemum stellatum)

sugar maple (Acer saccharum)witch hazel (Hamamelis virginiana)

alternate-leaf dogwood (Cornus alternifolia)

Soloman’s seal (Polygonatum biflorum)

zig-zag goldenrod (Solidago flexicaulus)

mayapple  (Podophyllum peltatum)

red baneberry (Actaea rubra)

virgin’s bower (Clematis virginiana)

Moist Soil

Full Sun Full Sun to Partial Shade Partial Shade to Shade
white cedar (Thuja occidentalis)silver maple (Acer saccharinum)

buttonbush (Cephalanthus occidentalis)

red-osier dogwood (Cornus stolonifera)

thimbleweed (Anemone virginiana)

Canada wild rye (Elymus canadensis)

dense blazing-star (Liatris spicata)

blue vervain (Verbena hastata)

green-headed coneflower (Rudbeckia lacinata)

yellow birch (Betula alleghaniensis)American basswood (Tilia Americana)

common elderberry (Sambucus canadensis)

nannyberry (Vibrunum lentago)

wood rush (Luzula multiflora)

thin-leaved sunflower (Helianthus decapetalus)

great blue lobelia (Lobelia siphilitica)

turtlehead (Chelon glabra)

Bebb’s sedge (Carex bebbii)

hemlock (Tsuga canadensis)black maple (Acer nigrum)

spicebush (Lindera benzoin)

black currant (Ribes americanum)

white baneberry (Actaea pachypoda)

red baneberry (Actaea rubra)

Canada anemone (Anemone canadensis)

wild sarsaparilla (Aralia nudicaulis)

wild ginger (Asarum canadense)


In addition to requesting that the City plant a tree on the road allowance in front of your home, there are a number of other ways to get involved.

Check out the Toronto Parks and Trees Foundation page to see how you can help enhance our public green spaces and make a difference.

There are programs you can choose from:

  • Every Tree Counts is a collective movement in Toronto to grow our tree canopy to 40 per cent.
  • Tree For Me is a great way to get involved in your community. You can plant a tree right in your own backyard and add to the tree canopy in your neighbourhood.
  • Making Trees Count is a grant program to help expand Toronto’s tree canopy on private land. Collectively, we can all work together towards reaching the tree canopy goal.

You can also take advantage of the backyard tree planting program that LEAF (Local Enhancement and Appreciation of Forests) offers and the City supports.

Trees create healthy urban environments and many citizens see trees as an important measure of the quality of their communities.

In addition to these two programs:

  • Every Tree Counts is a collective movement in Toronto to grow our tree canopy to 40 per cent.
  • The City supports LEAF (Local Enhancement and Appreciation of Forests), a local non-profit group dedicated to improving Toronto’s urban forest to offer a subsidized backyard tree planting program for Toronto residents.

The City is implementing a Tree Planting Strategy focused on planting large canopy tree species to meet the tree canopy goals.

Learn about opportunities for tree planting and stewardship in Toronto.