Woodbine Bike Lanes
The City of Toronto has installed cycle tracks, bicycle lanes and sharrows on Woodbine Avenue (between O’Connor Drive and Queen Street East). To complete the bikeway network east of Woodbine Avenue, a connecting contra-flow bike lane will also be installed on Corley Avenue (between Woodbine Avenue and Brookside Drive) and sharrows will be installed in the westbound direction of traffic flow on Norway Avenue (between Woodbine Avenue and Elmer Avenue).
These cycling facilities provide important cycling network connections for east-end neighbourhoods, encourage more people to cycle, and improve the safety and comfort of all road users.
Woodbine, Corley and Norway bike lanes are part of in The 10 Year Cycling Network Plan’s 2016 Implementation Program to expand and improve Toronto’s streets for cycling. These new bike lanes will provide important connections to the larger cycling network and east end neighbourhoods.
The City considered the following issues and perspectives:
- Safety and comfort of cyclists, pedestrians, and drivers
- On-street parking available 24/7 on one side of street
- Vehicle lane reductions in some areas
- No significant changes in vehicle travel times anticipated
- TTC bus routes and stops
- Emergency services and Wheel-Trans pick-up/drop-off
- Curbside garbage collection
Cycling Rates Grow on Woodbine Avenue
The introduction of cycling facilities (a combination cycle tracks and bike lanes) on Woodbine Avenue has resulted in an increased number of people cycling. Based on bike counts before (2016) and after (2018) the installation of these cycling facilities, the number of people cycling on Woodbine Avenue has more than doubled.
- Counts were conducted on Woodbine Avenue/Cosburn Avenue and Woodbine Avenue/Gerrard Street East and were based on an average for 12 hour daytime period over one week.
- Between May 11 and May 17, 2016, the average number of cyclists during 12 hour daytime ranged from 70 to 80.
- Between May 12 and May 18, 2018, the average number of cyclists during 12 hour daytime ranged from 220 to 230.
- The above represents 170% to 220% increase in the number of people cycling on Woodbine Avenue.
Bicycle counts on Woodbine Avenue south of Danforth Avenue for July 2018 saw as many as 580 cyclists on a single day which increased from 425 cyclists per day from October 2017. No before counts are available for this location.
Effect on Motor Vehicle Travel Time
The average motor vehicle travel times on Woodbine Avenue for northbound and southbound directions between O’Connor Drive and Queen Street East from May 2016 and May 2018 were compared for the morning (7.00-10.00 a.m.), mid-day (11.00 a.m.-1.00 p.m.) and afternoon (4.00-7.00 p.m.) peak hours.
AM and mid-day peak hours experienced minimal changes to travel times (+/- less than a minute). The PM peak hours experience moderate increase in travel time of up to 2.5 minutes. Table below summarizes the changes in average travel times on Woodbine Avenue.
|Change 2018-2016 (in minutes)|
|AM Peak Hours|
|Woodbine Southbound||0:08:36||0:09:05||+ 0:00:29|
|Woodbine Northbound||0:08:23||0:08:41||+ 0:00:18|
|Mid-day Peak Hours|
|Woodbine Southbound||0:08:20||0:08:19||– 0:00:01|
|Woodbine Northbound||0:07:33||0:08:48||+ 0:01:15|
|PM Peak Hours|
|Woodbine Southbound||0:08:20||0:10:32||+ 0:02:13|
|Woodbine Northbound||0:09:16||0:11:57||+ 0:02:41|
Side Street Observations
In order to address concerns that some traffic could be diverting away from Woodbine Avenue to area side streets, volume and/or speed studies were conducted for some parallel and cross streets within Ward 31 and Ward 32. These streets included Woodmount Avenue (between Danforth Avenue and O’Connor Drive), Savoy Avenue east of Woodbine Avenue and Heyworth Crescent east of Woodbine Avenue.
- Based on comparison of before and after traffic counts, no noticeable change in traffic volume was noted on Woodmount Avenue.
- Based on before and after traffic counts, no change was noted in traffic volume on Savoy Avenue.
- Based on traffic counts from October 2017, a total of 237 vehicles used Heyworth Crescent over an 8-hour daytime period. Before counts for Heyworth Crescent are not available. Speed studies measured an average speed of 25 km/hr within a 30 km/hr posted speed limit zone.
Making the Connection to the Waterfront Trail
Two new traffic control signals required to connect the Woodbine Avenue cycling facilities from Dixon Avenue to the Waterfront Trail were approved by City Council on July 30, 2018.
Parking adjustments were approved by City Council on July 23, 2018.
City Council Approval, October 5, 2016
Following extensive public consultation in 2016 and 2017, the installation of cycle tracks and bicycle lanes on Woodbine Avenue and an eastbound contra-flow bicycle lane on Corley Avenue was approved by Council on October 5, 2016.
Under the Public Transit Infrastructure Fund (PTIF) – Phase 1, the Government of Canada is investing up to $250,000 for the Woodbine Bike Lanes Design and Installation project. The City of Toronto is matching this funding contribution.