Flag raisings enhance public awareness of activities such as fundraising drives, multi-cultural events and national or independence days.

Flags may be lowered to half-mast to commemorate special dates such as Remembrance Day or as a measure of respect and condolence when a current public figure or former public office holder passes away.

Flags are used as a symbolic identification for countries, provinces, municipalities and organizations. The manner in which flags may be displayed in Canada is not governed by legislation, but rather by established practice which the City of Toronto also observes.

The use of the courtesy flag pole neither implies nor expresses support for the politics or policies of nations and/or organizations, but raises the flag in recognition of those citizens or members that have made the request.

Please review the criteria below and submit your flag raising request using our online request form.

The City of Toronto will fly, on existing courtesy flagpoles, flags of nations recognized by the Government of Canada on its national day or on the anniversary of a special occasion; or flags of non-profit or charitable organizations; for up to two weeks.

Required Information

  • Official letterhead, an official website link or your organization’s social media account (i.e. Facebook)
  • Proposed date and time of flag raising ceremony
  • Purpose of flag raising
  • Ceremony details (if a ceremony is required)
  • Equipment required for the flag raising ceremony: e.g. lectern, microphone, CD player
  • Name of flag to be raised
  • Photo of flag to be raised.

Further details about flag raisings

  • Organizations may request one courtesy flag raising within the calendar year (January 1 to December 31).
  • Upon request, flags of nations may be flown once within the calendar year for either a country’s national day or on the anniversary of a special occasion.
  • Requests to use the courtesy flagpole will be confirmed on a first come first served basis.
  • Your flag raising request should be received by Strategic Protocol &  External Relations three to four weeks in advance of your request date.
  • Organizations with approved flag raising requests are required to provide a flag with metal grommets that is three-feet(.9144 metres) along the vertical section(staff or hoist) of the flag.
  • The flag must be delivered to the Strategic Protocol & External Relations office one week in advance of the flag raising date.
  • You are welcome to invite the Mayor and Members of Council to your flag raising by sending an email to Councillors_and_Mayor@toronto.ca


    Diagram of the components of a flag and flag pole
    Diagram of a flag with measurements that would be approved to fly on the City of Toronto’s Courtesy flagpole.












    If your organization does not have an official letterhead, please provide an:

    • official website link or
    • social media account, i.e. Facebook.

    If you would like to book an event/ceremony as part of your flag raising, you will require a valid Civic Centre Public Space booking account.

    Please click on the links below for further information concerning how to book public space:

    Submit Flag Raising Request

    Requests will not be approved for:

    • Political parties or organizations
    • Religious organizations or in celebration of religious events
    • Commercial entities or in celebration of corporate events
    • Intent that is contrary to City policies or bylaws
    • Organizations requesting flag raisings that espouse hatred, violence or racism
    • Flags of organizations or nations that have already flown a flag on a courtesy flag pole withing the same calendar year.

    Toronto City Council does not approve individual flag raising requests. The City of Toronto’s Chief of Protocol has been delegated authority from City Council to approve these requests.

    To request that a confirmed flag be taken down, City Council as a whole would need to change what was previously approved.

    There are courtesy flag poles located at City Hall, Scarborough Civic Centre and North York Civic Centre.

      Flags are half-masted at Toronto City Hall, Metro Hall and Civic Centres, generally from the time of death until sunset on the day of the funeral or memorial, unless other arrangements have been confirmed. Flags may also be lowered on the date of a funeral/memorial should it follow later.

      Annual half masts include the National Commemorative Days.

      The indigenous flags which are flown on Nathan Phillips Square include the symbols of the Mississaugas of the Credit First Nation, Haudenosaunee (Six Nations of the Grand River Territory), Huron-Wendat, as well as the Métis Nation and Inuit Tapiriit Kanatami.

      Mississaugas of the Credit First Nation

      Flag including symbols of Mississaugas of the New Credit First Nation

      The Mississaugas of the Credit First Nation are a group of Ojibway (Anishinabe) belonging to the Algonquian linguistic group. The flag of the Mississaugas is based on their logo which includes five symbols of their history:

      • Eagle – The eagle is viewed as the messenger. The Mississaugas people were once considered to be great messengers, some days traveling 80 miles on foot.
      • Three Fires – The three fires are symbolic of the Mississaugas’ traditional and political alliance with the Ojibway, Odawa, and Pottawatomi Nations known as the Three Fires Council.
      • The Blue and the Circle of Life – The blue writing symbolizes connection to the water and the circle symbolizes the circle of life. First Nations believe that every living thing is related and interconnected – we are all a part of the circle of life.
      • The Peace Pipe – The peace pipe was given to the Mississaugas by Queen Victoria’s cousin (Augustus d’Este) and is used in special opening ceremonies to thank the Great Spirit, Mother Earth and the sun.

      Six Nations

      Flag with symbols of Six Nations

      Six Nations (or Six Nations of the Grand River) is the largest First Nations reserve in Canada. These nations are the Mohawk, Cayuga, Onondaga, Oneida, Seneca and Tuscarora. Land was granted to the Six Nations by the 1784 Haldimand Treaty.

      • The flag represents the original five Nations Seneca, Cayuga, Onondaga, Mohawk and Oneida, which were brought together by the Peacemaker.
      • The pine tree middle represents a White Pine (the needles are clustered in groups of five).
      • The first square on the left represents the Mohawk Nation – Keeper of the Eastern Door. The inner square on the left, nearest the heart, represents the Oneida Nation. The white tree in the middle represents the Onondaga Nation. This tree also means that the heart of the Five Nations is single in loyalty to the Great Law of Peace. The inner square to the right of the heart represents the Cayuga Nation. The square furthest to the right represents the Seneca Nation, known as Keeper of the Western Door.
      • The two lines extending from each side of the squares of the belt, from the Mohawk and Seneca Nations, represents a path of peace.


      Flag with symbols of Huron-Wendat

      The Huron-Wendat Nation community and reserve is now found at Wendake, Quebec. The Huron Wendat Nation’s symbol represents its culture, territory and history. The symbol on the flag is accompanied by belts of wampum.

      • The Bustards (large terrestrial birds) recall one of the most important beliefs of the Huron-Wendat Nation: the creation of the world. While Yäa’taenhtsihk (Skywoman) fell from the celestial world, bustards gathered it on their wings and placed it on the carapace of Grande Tortue, the chief of the animals. The Great Turtle eventually became a wonderfully beautiful island, our Earth.
      • Canoeing and Snowshoeing represent the means of transport used for travel on the territory. The water, the source of life, forms the paths to follow between the division of territories.
      • The Hut represents the community, homes and the roof that protects our families. It is also a symbol of strength and agility for work.
      • The Circle and the Sweet grass – The Huron-Wendat see all the elements of nature interconnected. All life, including humans, animals, plants, spirits, etc. forms a whole called the Circle of Kinship. The sweet grass represents spirituality, medicinal plants and the forest.
      • The Clans include the deer, the tortoise, the bear, the wolf, the beaver, the eagle, the porcupine and the snake. Five of these clans made up the great Nations of the confederation: the Attignawantans, the Attigneenongnahacs, the Arendaronons, the Tahontaenrats Daim and the Ataronchronons. Four (of the eight) clans are represented at Wendake reserve: the deer, the wolf, the bear and the turtle.
      • The Beaver – The national emblem of the Huron-Wendat Nation, the beaver alone represents a clan. The most industrious of all animals, it is a symbol of endurance, intelligence and pride.

      Métis Nation

      Flag with symbols of Métis Nation

      Prior to Confederation, a new Indigenous people emerged. From the initial offspring of Indigenous and European unions were individuals who simply possessed mixed ancestry. Subsequent intermarriages between these mixed ancestry children resulted in the genesis of a new Indigenous people with a distinct identity, culture and consciousness in west central North America – the Métis Nation.

      This Métis people were connected through the highly-mobile fur trade network, seasonal rounds, extensive kinship connections and a collective identity through culture, language and way of life. Distinct Métis settlements emerged throughout what was then called “the Northwest”. In Ontario, historic Métis settlements emerged along the rivers and watersheds of the province, surrounding the Great Lakes and throughout to the northwest of the province.

      The Métis flag is 200 years old. The current and most defining Métis flags consist of two variations – one that is blue and the other which is red. The Métis flag represents the Métis people with the infinity sign which symbolizes the immortality of the nation and the coming together of two distinct cultures: Indigenous and European and their existence forever as a people.

      Inuit Tapiriit Kanatami

      Flag with symbols of Inuit Tapiriit Kanatami

      The Inuit Tapiriit Kanatami is the national organization for the Inuit who reside in four different areas in Canada. This includes Nunatsiavut in Labrador, Nunavik in Northern Quebec, Nunavut (a territory created in 1999), and the Inuvialuit Settlement area in the Northwest Territories and Yukon.

      The depictions on the flag include the following:

      • Four Inuit (men and women) which symbolize the four Inuit Nunangat (homeland) regions (Inuvialuit, Nunavut, Nunavik and Nunatsiavut).
      • Maple leaf in the centre recognizing the Inuit connection and commitment to Canada.
      • The ulu (the woman’s knife) is an all-purpose knife traditionally used by Inuit women.

      Flag Order Tips

      In Canada, due consideration should be given to flag etiquette and precedence whenever the National Flag of Canada or other sovereign national flags or provincial/territorial flags are displayed.

      Flags are symbols that identify and represent nations and although it may seem they provide a dignified and appealing backdrop, they are not intended as decor.

      It is not proper protocol to fly the Canadian flag on the same pole as any other flag. According to the federal Department of Canadian Heritage, the Canadian flag should always be flown on its own mast. It should not be subjected to indignity or displayed in a position inferior to any other flag.

      National Flag Size

      At Toronto City Hall, the Canadian flag flown is 7 ½ feet by 15 feet. On National Flag of Canada Day, Canada Day and other special celebratory occasions, the Canadian flag flown is 15 feet by 30 feet (weather depending). Flags flown at City Facilities should be appropriately proportionate to the height of the flagpole.

      Position of Honour

      The location of the position of honour depends on the number of flags flown and the chosen configuration.

      Two flags

      When two flags are displayed, the position of honour is furthest to the left (to an observer facing the display). If there are only two flags, the Canadian flag should be on the left and the City flag on the right from the perspective of the audience.

      Figure 1 a displays two blank flags side by side.

      Figure 1 b displays a Canadian flag and a flag of a municipality.

      Figure 1: Displaying two flags. Canadian flag and a flag of a municipality

      Three flags

      When three flags are flown, the position of honour is in the centre. From the perspective of the audience facing the flags, the Canadian flag should be placed in the centre, the Provincial flag on the left, and the City flag on the right.

      Figure 2 a displays three blank flags side by side.

      Figure 3 b displays a Canadian flag, a provincial flag and flag of a municipality

      Figure 2: Displaying three flags. Canadian flag, a provincial flag and flag of a municipality

      Figure 3: Displaying more than three flags

      Figure 3: Displaying more than three flags

      Here is the order of importance of flags based on precedence:

      • The National Flag of Canada
      • The flags of other sovereign nations in alphabetical order (if applicable)
      • The flags of the provinces, followed by the territories of Canada (in the order in which they joined Confederation)
      • The flags of municipalities/cities
      • Banners of organizations
      • Historical Flags

      Flag Maintenance and Care Guide

      Please use this guide to inspect flags monthly and replace when necessary. Toronto City Council (MM22.37) has requested a monthly inspection of flags at City facilities, including Agencies and Corporations.


      Outdoor flags typically need to be replaced every three to four months. Various factors impact how often you must replace a flag, including location, weather, and/or continuous day and night display.

      Best practices:

      • If flown outside, purchase flags made for exterior use and keep extra flags on hand.
      • Use the proper size flag to avoid undue stress, in high winds, to poles and flags which can happen when flags are too large for pole.
      • Keep flags away from trees, wires, cables and buildings.
      • Keep pole surfaces free of heavy dirt, rust, scale and corrosion that can damage flags.


      Flags should be retired and replaced when that flag’s condition is such that it is no longer a fitting emblem for display and should be destroyed in a dignified manner. Replace flags when they are:

      • Frayed
      • Faded
      • Discoloured
      • Soiled
      • Torn
      • Ripped

      City facilities should inspect all flags prior to National Flag of Canada Day (February 15), Canada Day (July 1st) and Remembrance Day (November 11th) each year.

      Flag Care Checklist

      View a printable Flag Care Checklist.

      General Information

      Flag etiquette and guidelines

      • Flags of nations, provinces and cities should always be flown on their own mast or pole.
      • It is improper to fly two or more flags on the same mast or pole (for example, one should not be beneath the other).
      • Nothing should be pinned to, drawn or sewn onto a nation, province or city flag.
      • Flags may be flown 24 hours a day.
      • Ideally, flags flown at night should be lit.
      • Flags should not be obstructed or touch anything beneath them (i.e. floor, ground, table).

      Flag retirement/disposal

      When a flag is no longer in a suitable condition for use, it should be destroyed in a dignified manner such as burning it in private.


      • City Divisions purchasing flags through City Stores may send retired flags to the Ellesmere Yard where Purchasing and Materials Management will dispose of them in a dignified manner. Ensure the unusable or damaged flags are marked “Flag Disposal”.
      • Many Flag Stores provide proper disposal if you have purchased a flag from the store. Please check with your supplier.


      List of Flags Normally Flown outside of City Hall

      • The Canadian flag is always flown on the official flag pole on Nathan Phillips Square in front of Toronto City Hall.
      • The City of Toronto flag is normally flown on the courtesy flag pole on the Podium Roof when flags permitted by the Flag Raising policy are not scheduled to be raised.
      • The City of Toronto flag is normally flown on the South Walkway when other flags that are part of City initiatives, are not being flown there.
      • The Canadian, Provincial, Territorial, and City of Toronto flags are flown along Bay Street.
      • Flags that include the symbols of the Mississaugas of the Credit First Nation, the Haudenosaunee (Six Nations of the Grand River Territory), the Huron-Wendat, the Métis Nation and the Inuit Tapiriit Kanatami are flown along the east overhead walkway on Nathan Phillips Square.
      • In addition to being flown on the official flag pole, the Canadian flag may be on the courtesy flag pole on the podium roof, on occasions such as Canada Day and National Flag of Canada Day.

      Other Civic Sites

      Flags flown at other civic locations vary depending on the number of poles but usually include one or more of the following:

      • The Canadian, Ontario and the City of Toronto flags

      Courtesy flag poles located at North York Civic Centre and Scarborough Civic Centre may fly flags permitted by the Flag Raising policy.

      Flag Size

      The recommended flag size to be flown is directly related to the height of the flag pole on which it will fly.

      For more information please visit Rules for flying the National Flag of Canada.

      Clearance at the base of flag poles

      Flag poles should be placed away from other structures, trees or other flag poles. The footprint around the base of the flag pole should be large enough to permit access to the poles as well as to allow for the space occupied by the largest size flag, plus a minimum of two feet (.6 metres) in each direction in order to pay proper respect to the flags displayed and ensure they will not get tangled.  Equipment, such as signage, should not be placed at the bottom of the flagpoles to ensure there is access and no distraction from the flags.

      Footprint example, two 20 ft. (6.1 metres) poles flying 3’ x 6’ (.9144 metres x 1.83 metres)  flags side by side would need a minimum footprint of 32’ x 18’ (9.8 metres x 5.5 metres) as shown in the following diagram:

      Diagram of the clearance space needed at the base of two flagpoles that are placed next to each other
      Minimum footprint needed for two flagpoles flying flags that are side by side.