Quick facts about the City, including population, land area, average household income and more.

Indicators (2023) City of Toronto Toronto Region
Land Area (km2) 630 5,903
Population (July 2022) 3,025,647 6,471,850
Unemployment Rate (Population 15+, 2022) 6.8% 6.3%
Gross Domestic Product (in 2012 $ billion, 2021) $171 $369
Average (Mean) Household Income (2020) $84,000 $97,000

For the most recent monthly indicators, see the Toronto Economic Bulletin.

Indicators (2023) City of Toronto Toronto Region *
Labour Force (Pop 15+, 2022) 1,631,000 3,780,700
Average Income (Pop 15+, 2020) $49,080 $47,600
Office Space Inventory (ft2) * 127,733,194 185,772,057
Industrial Space Inventory (ft2) * 225,754,528 813,055,010
Retail Space Inventory (ft2) * 48,972,434 138,007,518
Average Price All Home Types * $1,140,595 $1,189,850
Housing Starts (units) 17,959 45,109
Total Annual Building Permits ($000s) $12,021,189 $24,906,629
Residential Building Permits ($000s) $6,462,632 $15,373,622
Commercial Building Permits ($000s) $3,367,531 $5,331,909
Industrial Building Permits ($000s) $899,284 $2,427,042
Institutional Building Permits ($000s) $1,292,452 $1,774,054
Residential Tax Rate 0.506% N/A
Multi Residential Tax Rate 0.968% N/A
Commercial Tax Rate 1.281% N/A
Industrial Tax Rate 1.273% N/A
Retail Sales ($billion) N/A $117.3
Number of Businesses (active locations with employees) 96,351 230,582
Number of Visitors (million, 2017) N/A 44.5

Toronto region is defined as Toronto Census Metropolitan Area (CMA) unless denoted with an asterisk (*), which indicates Greater Toronto Area (GTA) or other regional geography. Number of businesses in the city of Toronto and Toronto CMA comprise of businesses with and without physical locations; see Statistics Canada’s Business Register for more information on the number of registered businesses.

Indicators (2016 Census) City of Toronto Toronto Region (CMA)
Low Income (LIM-AT) 20.2% 15.6%
Average (Median) Household Income (2015) $65,829 $78,373
Visible Minority (percent of population) 51.5% 51.4%
Immigrants (born outside of Canada) 51.2% 46.1%
One-person Households 359,960 519,790
Couples with Children 316,075 823,805
Tenants Spending 30%+ of Income on Shelter Costs 46.8% 46.9%
Lone-Parent Families 152,595 292,145
Cannot Speak English or French 132,765 258,925
Non-Permanent Residents 93,575 136,895
Aboriginal Identity 23,065 46,320

Toronto region is defined as the Toronto Census Metropolitan Area (CMA).

Toronto – the name derived from the Huron word for “fishing weir” – is on the northwest shore of Lake Ontario at Latitude 43 39 N, Longitude 79 23 W.

Located on a broad sloping plateau cut by numerous river valleys, Toronto covers 641 sq.km. and stretches 43 km from east to west and 21 km from north to south at its longest points. The perimeter is approximately 180 km.

More statistics:

  • Waterfront is 76.5 meters above sea level; shoreline stretches 43 km or 138 km when including in the bays and islands
  • The intersection of Steeles Avenue West and Keele Street is the highest point at 209 meters
    307 km of rivers and creeks run through the city
  • All rivers and creeks flow into Lake Ontario and are part of the Atlantic Ocean Drainage Basin
  • Most northerly point is the intersection of Steeles Ave E. and Pickering Town Line
  • Most southerly point is Lake Ontario’s shoreline at the border between Toronto and Mississauga
  • Most easterly point is the meeting of the Rouge River and shoreline of Lake Ontario
  • Most westerly point is the intersection of Steeles Ave W. and Albion Road
  • Toronto is in plant hardiness zone 6 and on the eastern edge of the Carolinian Forest zone
  • There are over 1,600 named parks comprised of over 8,000 hectares of land (ravines, valleys, woodlots, parks, beaches, golf courses, destination parks, parkettes) and over 200 km of trails, many of which are suitable for biking and walking.
  • Toronto has a total of about 10 million trees, approximately 4 million of which are publicly-owned trees. These include approximately 600,000 street trees (e.g. located on public right of ways on boulevards and commercial trees in sidewalks, etc) and 3.5 million trees in parks, ravines, and other natural areas.

Statistics source: Geospatial Competency Centre, Parks, Forestry & Recreation, Natural Resources Canada.

$1,317: Average market rent for a studio apartment in Toronto (Fall 2022, excludes condominium rentals)

$1,811: Average market rent for a two-bedroom apartment in Toronto (Fall 2022, excludes condominium rentals)

1.7%: Overall vacancy rate for purpose-built rental homes in Toronto (Fall 2022)

7,729: Number of affordable rental homes in Toronto under the City’s administration and oversight

$733: Ontario Works maximum monthly allowance for a single adult (Fall 2022)

$1,839: Ontario Works maximum monthly allowance for a two-adult family with two children (Fall 2022)

40: Percentage of Toronto renter households paying more than 30 per cent of pre-tax income on rent. Almost half of Toronto households rent (Spring 2021)

85,536: Number of social housing units in Toronto under administration and oversight by the City of Toronto (Fall 2022)

84,583: Number of people on the Centralized Waiting List for social housing (Spring 2023)

13: Average number of years an applicant on the Centralized Waiting List waits to be housed in a two-bedroom apartment

City of Toronto Housing Secretariat, Toronto Employment and Social Services, Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation

In April 2021 the City conducted its most recent Street Needs Assessment (SNA). The SNA is a City-wide point-in-time count and survey of people experiencing homelessness in Toronto led by the City’s Toronto Shelter and Support Services in collaboration with community partners in the homelessness and allied sectors. Learn more about the SNA, including key findings.

The Toronto shelter system is the largest shelter system in Canada providing shelter and support to thousands of people each night. View information on daily shelter occupancy and historical information on the number of people entering and leaving the shelter system each month on Shelter System Flow.