Vision Zero Emphasis Areas
Deaths and Serious Injuries are Preventable
The Vision Zero Road Safety Plan was developed through data-driven and map-based decision making, leveraging the experience of other North American cities that have adopted Vision Zero strategies and through collaboration with a number of local partners who traditionally support and undertake road safety initiatives independently.
The Vision Zero Road Safety Plan identifies and addresses six emphasis areas, which were determined through collision data analysis, public engagement and Council direction. They include pedestrians, school children, older adults, cyclists, motorcyclists and aggressive driving and distraction.
For each of these emphasis areas, the plan outlines existing and new safety measures that includes engineering, education, enforcement and technology programs and initiatives.
Pedestrian collisions involve any person that is not riding in a vehicle or on a bicycle
Between 2005 and 2016, there were 2,172 pedestrians killed or seriously injured in a collision with a motor vehicle.
Corridors within the city exhibiting deadly or serious injury collisions will be prioritized and targeted for pedestrian safety improvements such as speed reductions, shortened crossing distances, no-right-turns on red, advance greens for pedestrians, fully protected left-turns and police enforcement for compliance with traffic rules that affect pedestrian safety. These measures will improve pedestrian safety by reducing crossing distances, making the pedestrian crossing more accessible and reducing vehicle conflicts with pedestrians.
School children are pedestrians/cyclists between the ages of 4 and 19 travelling to and from school
Between 2005 and 2016 there were 3 school children killed and 70 seriously injured in a collision with a motor vehicle.
Schools will be identified within a 1 km radius of a killed or serious injury collision involving a school child and will be prioritized for an in-depth review to see if there are opportunities for safety improvements such as enhanced pavement markings and signage, “Watch Your Speed” driver-feedback signs, police enforcement targeting safety concerns for school children or other enhanced safety improvements both within the school zone and along pre-designated active and safe routes to school.
Older adults are defined as people over the age of 55
Between 2005 and 2016, there were 869 seniors killed or seriously injured in a collision with a motor vehicle.
Special consideration will be given at locations exhibiting killed or serious injury collisions where there are higher concentrations of senior pedestrians living and interacting. These areas will be prioritized and targeted for speed reductions, increased walk times at traffic signals, enhanced pavement markings, “Watch Your Speed” driver-feedback signs and police enforcement for aggressive driving behaviours that affect senior pedestrians.
Cyclist collisions involve a motor vehicle striking a person riding a bicycle
Between 2005 and 2016, there were 539 cyclists killed or seriously injured in a collision with a motor vehicle.
In depth reviews will be conducted at locations exhibiting high killed or serious injury collisions involving cyclists along existing cycle tracks to see if there are any opportunities to enhance the existing cycling facilitates to improve safety. Such initiatives include the implementation of cyclist signals, bike boxes, advance green for cyclists and police enforcement targeting behaviours that impact cyclist safety such as dooring and improper use of bicycle lanes.
Motorcyclist collisions include drivers riding on a motorcycle as well as passengers riding on a motorcycle or in a sidecar attached to a motorcycle
Between 2005 and 2016, there were 431 motorcyclists killed or seriously injured in a collision with a motor vehicle.
Motorcycle killed or serious injury collisions tend to occur at either significant bends or junctions in the road combined with aggressive riding, distraction and/or impairment. Police enforcement and signs will be deployed at these locations to warn of hazards unique to the motorcycling experience.
Aggressive driving collisions involve a driver that follows too closely, exceeds the speed limit, drives too fast for the current conditions, disobeys a traffic control, fails to yield the right-of-way, or passes improperly. Distracted collisions are collisions where any type of road user involved (pedestrian, cyclist, or driver) was inattentive.
Between 2005 and 2016, aggressive and distracted drivers killed or seriously injured a total of 3,051 people. A significant proportion of those killed or seriously injured by an aggressive or distracted driver were vulnerable road users (51%), while the driver tended to be relatively less likely to be killed or seriously injured (35%).
In depth reviews will be conducted along corridors exhibiting high killed or serious injury collisions involving aggressive driving and/or distraction to determine the possibility of implementing measures such as speed reductions, geometric safety improvements or other traffic calming measures. Reports on corridors experiencing higher degrees of killed or serious injury collisions involving aggressive driving will also be forwarded to the police for targeted enforcement.
Aggressive Driving and Distraction Safety Measures on Our Mapping Tool
Descriptions of Aggressive Driving and Distraction Safety Measures
Heat Map of Collisions Where Someone was Killed or Seriously Injured due to Aggressive Driving and Distraction